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    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background The complex interactions between immune cells are partly mediated by different adhesion molecules, but little is known about their role in the systemic immunoinflammatory process following sensitization to food antigens in early infancy.Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1or CD54) and the α subunits of its ligands' lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) (αL subunit or CD11a) and Mac-1 (αM subunit or CD11b) on peripheral blood leucocytes in infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA) and in healthy controls.Methods Thirty-nine breastfed infants, aged from 0.6 to 8.3 months, and their lactating mothers were included in the study from delivery onwards. During follow-up, 25 infants developed CMA and 14 remained healthy. Expressions of CD54 and CD11b on peripheral blood leucocytes were evaluated by flow cytometry. In addition, the expression of CD11a on peripheral blood leucocytes was analysed by immunocytochemistry. Mothers' milk samples were collected and their leucocyte content was evaluated using a light microscope.Results The frequency of ICAM-1 expressing peripheral blood lymphocytes was significantly higher in patients with CMA than in healthy infants (P=0.03, Mann–Whitney U-test). Furthermore, the high proportion of ICAM-1-expressing cells was associated with gastrointestinal and multiorgan symptoms in the CMA infants. There was no significant difference in the expression of Mac-1 αM on lymphocytes in our study groups, but the LFA-1 αL expression seemed to be higher in the IgE-mediated CMA.Conclusion We suggest that the high expression of ICAM-1 on peripheral blood lymphocytes may reflect enhanced stimulation of T cells in vivo and their migration to the effector tissues in an early-phase of developing CMA. Furthermore, high ICAM-1 expression may be associated with the presence of multiorgan manifestations of CMA, whereas high LFA-1 expression may reflect the IgE-mediated disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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