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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    London : IWA Publishing
    Description / Table of Contents: Intro -- Cover -- Contents -- About the Authors -- Preface -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements (First Edition 2012) -- Acknowledgements (Second Edition 2021) -- Chapter 1: Introduction to bioanalytical tools in water quality assessment -- 1.1 BACKGROUND -- 1.2 ORGANIC MICROPOLLUTANTS -- 1.2.1 Defining the issue -- 1.2.2 Transformation products -- 1.2.3 Low concentrations and mixtures -- 1.3 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY -- 1.4 ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT -- 1.5 BIOANALYTICAL TOOLS -- 1.5.1 In vivo and in vitro bioassays -- 1.5.2 Cell-based bioassays -- 1.5.2.1 Native cells -- 1.5.2.2 Genetically modified cells -- 1.5.3 Modes of action -- 1.6 BIOASSAY SELECTION AND DESIGN OF TEST BATTERIES -- 1.6.1 Design of test batteries -- 1.6.2 Protection-goal-motivated test battery design -- 1.6.3 Chemical-group-motivated test battery design -- 1.7 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND BIOANALYTICAL TOOLS ARE COMPLEMENTARY MONITORING TOOLS -- 1.8 APPLICATIONS -- 1.9 CONCLUSION -- Chapter 2: Risk assessment of chemicals -- 2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2 CURRENT RISK ASSESSMENT OF CHEMICALS -- 2.2.1 Hazard identification -- 2.2.2 Effect assessment -- 2.2.3 Exposure assessment -- 2.2.4 Risk characterisation -- 2.2.5 Uncertainty analysis -- 2.2.6 Risk management -- 2.3 APPLICATION OF BIOANALYTICAL TOOLS IN CHEMICAL RISK ASSESSMENT -- Chapter 3: Water quality assessment and whole effluent toxicity testing -- 3.1 BACKGROUND -- 3.2 DERIVATION OF GUIDELINE VALUES -- 3.3 HUMAN USE OF WATER -- 3.3.1 Drinking water -- 3.3.2 Recycled water, stormwater and managed aquifer recharge -- 3.3.3 Dealing with unregulated chemicals in water -- 3.4 AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS -- 3.5 COMPARISON OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND DRINKING WATER GUIDELINE VALUES -- 3.6 WHOLE EFFLUENT TOXICITY -- 3.6.1 Test systems in aquatic ecotoxicology commonly applied to WET testing -- 3.6.2 In situ WET testing -- 3.6.3 Biomarkers in WET testing.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (480 pages)
    Edition: 2nd ed.
    ISBN: 9781789061987
    DDC: 628.161
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    London : IWA Publishing
    Description / Table of Contents: Intro -- Cover -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Preface -- Part 1: Concepts of Microbial Synthesis, Water Purification and Energy Storage -- Chapter 1: Introduction to wastewater treatment and energy recovery -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Process Fundamentals -- 1.3 Building Blocks of NBs -- 1.4 Environmental Remediation -- 1.5 Wastewater Treatment -- References -- Chapter 2 : Addressing the global water crisis: a comprehensive review of nanobiohybrid applications for water purification -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Root Cause Behind Continuous Freshwater Shrinking -- 2.3 Methodical Handling of Water Pollution -- 2.3.1 Treatment technologies -- 2.3.2 Major drawbacks of current water purification techniques -- 2.4 Nanobiohybrid (NBIOH) Catalyst in Water Purification -- 2.4.1 Use of nanoparticles in water purification and their problems -- 2.4.2 Enzymes in water purification and their problems -- 2.4.3 Use of NBIOH catalyst for water purification -- 2.4.3.1 Capacity of NBIOH to treat water -- 2.4.3.2 Problems associated with nanobiohybrid -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 : Biological production of nanoparticles and their application in photocatalysis -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Green Synthesis of Nanoparticles -- 3.3 Biological Nanoparticles -- 3.3.1 Plants -- 3.3.2 Bacteria -- 3.4 Fungi -- 3.5 Algae -- 3.6 Photocatalysis -- 3.6.1 Batch degradation of organic pollutants using NPs -- 3.6.2 Photobioreactors -- 3.6.3 Nanobiohybrids -- 3.7 Challenges -- 3.7.1 Toxicity -- 3.7.2 Nanoparticles detection -- 3.7.3 Light accessibility -- 3.8 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 4 : Energy storage devices: batteries and supercapacitors -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Batteries: Principles and Operation -- 4.2.1 Battery basics.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (244 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781789063608
    Series Statement: Integrated Environmental Technology Series
    DDC: 628.35
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    London : IWA Publishing
    Description / Table of Contents: Intro -- Cover -- Contents -- Preface -- List of Contributors -- Part 1: Process Fundamentals -- Chapter 1 : Algal systems for resource recovery from waste and wastewater -- 1.1 Process Fundamentals -- 1.2 Algal-Based Wastewater Treatment -- 1.3 Valorization of Algal Biomass by Integrating with Different Technologies -- 1.4 Algal Biotechnology -- References -- Chapter 2 : Metabolic modelling of microalgae for wastewater treatment -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Main Metabolic Pathways -- 2.2.1 Photosynthesis -- 2.2.2 Glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway -- 2.2.3 Tricarboxylic acid cycle -- 2.2.4 Glyoxylate shunt -- 2.2.5 Lipid biosynthesis -- 2.3 Genome-Scale Metabolic Models -- 2.4 Modelling Metabolic Networks -- 2.5 Tools for Steady-State Conditions -- 2.5.1 Elementary flux modes -- 2.5.1.1 Mathematical construction of EFMs -- 2.5.1.2 Minimal generating sets and EFM reduction -- 2.5.2 Flux balance analysis -- 2.6 Metabolic Networks Reduction -- 2.6.1 The DRUM framework -- 2.7 Case Study: Microalgae Cultivation -- 2.7.1 Introduction: volatile fatty acid -- 2.7.2 Determination of the subnetworks and accumulating metabolites -- 2.7.3 Derivation of MR -- 2.7.4 Choice of kinetic model -- 2.7.5 Model calibration and validation -- 2.7.6 Example of application: optimization of waste treatment time -- 2.8 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 : Wastewater treatment using microalgal-bacterial consortia in the photo-activated sludge process -- 3.1 Microalgal-Bacterial Consortia -- 3.1.1 Use of microalgal-bacterial consortia in environmental technologies -- 3.1.2 Interactions within microalgal-bacterial consortia -- 3.1.3 Nutrient removal by microalgal-bacterial consortia -- 3.1.4 Microalgal-bacterial systems and configurations.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (266 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781789063554
    Series Statement: Integrated Environmental Technology Series
    DDC: 628.35
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 4
    Description / Table of Contents: Cover -- Contents -- List of contributors -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Chapter 1: General principles -- 1.1 PURPOSES -- 1.2 APPLICATION SCOPE -- Chapter 2: Urban water sectors and their carbon emissions -- 2.1 URBAN WATER SECTORS -- 2.2 CARBON EMISSIONS OF URBAN WATER SECTORS -- 2.2.1 Greenhouse gases and global warming potential -- 2.2.2 Reporting boundaries and emission activities -- Chapter 3: Carbon accounting principles and methodologies -- 3.1 BASIC PRINCIPLES -- 3.2 ACCOUNTING PROCEDURES -- 3.2.1 General introduction -- 3.2.2 Water companies -- 3.2.3 Water sector associations -- 3.2.4 Water departments -- 3.3 ACCOUNTING METHODOLOGIES -- 3.3.1 General introduction -- 3.3.2 Water companies -- 3.3.3 Water sector associations -- 3.3.4 Water departments -- Chapter 4: Planning and construction -- 4.1 OVERVIEW -- 4.2 DIRECT EMISSIONS OF FOSSIL FUEL -- 4.3 INDIRECT EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION -- 4.4 INDIRECT EMISSIONS FROM MATERIAL CONSUMPTION -- 4.5 INDIRECT EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION -- 4.6 OVERALL ESTIMATION AS A WHOLE -- 4.6.1 Estimation based on water volume handled -- 4.6.2 Estimation based on investment -- Chapter 5: Operation and maintenance -- 5.1 OVERVIEW -- 5.2 GENERAL PROVISIONS -- 5.2.1 Direct emissions of fossil fuel -- 5.2.2 Indirect emissions from electricity consumption -- 5.2.3 Indirect emissions of material consumption -- 5.2.4 Indirect emissions of transportation -- 5.3 WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS -- 5.3.1 Accounting boundary -- 5.3.2 Water abstraction facilities -- 5.3.3 Water treatment plants -- 5.3.4 Desalination plants -- 5.3.5 Water distribution network -- 5.3.6 Long-distance water transfer -- 5.4 WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS -- 5.4.1 Accounting boundary -- 5.4.2 Wastewater collection networks -- 5.4.3 Wastewater treatment plants -- 5.4.4 Sludge Treatment and Disposal.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (263 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781789064223
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 5
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (153 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781789063998
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 6
    Description / Table of Contents: Intro -- Cover -- Foreword -- Contributors -- About the editors -- Contents -- Chapter 1: Introduction to desalination -- 1.1 DRIVERS -- 1.2 DESALINATION TECHNOLOGIES -- 1.2.1 Reverse osmosis -- 1.2.2 Distillation -- 1.2.3 Energy consumption and cost -- 1.3 GLOBAL DESALINATION CAPACITY -- 1.3.1 Desalination capacity by technology and source water type -- 1.3.2 Desalination capacity by region -- 1.3.3 Desalination capacity per type of customer -- 1.4 DESALINATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES -- 1.5 ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS -- 1.6 MEMBRANE FOULING -- 1.7 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 1.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2: Basic principles of reverse osmosis -- 2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2 OSMOTIC PRESSURE -- 2.2.1 Calculation of osmotic pressure -- 2.3 WATER FLOW -- 2.3.1 Salt rejection -- 2.3.2 Salt passage -- 2.4 SALT FLOW -- 2.4.1 Permeate salinity -- 2.5 RECOVERY AND CONCENTRATION FACTOR -- 2.6 PRESSURE DROP -- 2.7 CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION -- 2.7.1 Control of concentration polarization -- 2.7.2 Effects of concentration polarization -- 2.7.3 Concentration polarization factor -- 2.8 MASS TRANSFER COEFFICIENT -- 2.9 TEMPERATURE AND WATER QUALITY -- 2.10 FACTORS AFFECTING REVERSE OSMOSIS PERFORMANCE -- 2.11 ENERGY CONSUMPTION -- 2.12 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION -- 2.13 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3: Fouling and pre-treatment -- 3.1 INTRODUCTION TO FOULING -- 3.2 PRE-TREATMENT -- 3.2.1 Intakes, shore wells / beach wells -- 3.2.2 Conventional pre-treatment processes -- 3.2.3 Screens -- 3.2.4 Chlorination -- 3.2.5 Granular media filters -- 3.2.5.1 Filter media -- 3.2.5.2 Vulnerability of media filtration -- 3.2.5.3 Filtration rate -- 3.2.5.4 Filters -- 3.2.5.5 Media and quality effluent -- 3.2.5.6 Dual and multimedia filtration -- 3.2.6 Inline coagulation (direct filtration) -- 3.2.6.1 Commonly applied coagulants -- 3.2.7 Flocculation - sedimentation - media filtration.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (301 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781780409863
    DDC: 628.16744
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 7
    Description / Table of Contents: Intro -- Cover -- Contents -- The Editors -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1 : Microbes and wastewater treatment -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Need for wastewater treatment -- 1.3 Role of microbes in wastewater treatment -- 1.4 Common microbes used in wastewater treatment -- 1.4.1 Bacteria -- 1.4.2 Protozoa -- 1.4.3 Metazoa -- 1.4.4 Filamentous bacteria -- 1.4.5 Algae -- 1.4.6 Fungi -- 1.5 Microbial wastewater techniques -- 1.5.1 Preliminary treatment -- 1.5.2 Primary treatment -- 1.5.3 Secondary treatment -- 1.5.4 Activated sludge process -- 1.5.5 Waste stabilization ponds -- 1.5.5.1 Anaerobic ponds -- 1.5.5.2 Facultative ponds -- 1.5.5.3 Maturation ponds -- 1.5.5.4 High-rate algal ponds -- 1.5.5.5 Tertiary treatment and disinfection -- 1.6 Microbial fuel cells -- 1.6.1 MFC configuration -- 1.6.2 Mechanism of MFC -- 1.6.3 Wastewater from MFC -- 1.7 MFCs with synthetic wastewater as substrates -- 1.8 MFCs with actual wastewater as substrates -- 1.9 Bioremediation -- 1.9.1 Principle -- 1.9.2 Methods of bioremediation of wastewater -- 1.9.2.1 Bacteria -- 1.9.2.2 Applications of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria (cyanobacteria in bioremediation) -- 1.9.2.3 Algae -- 1.9.2.4 Fungi -- 1.9.2.5 Yeast -- 1.10 Activated sludge process -- 1.11 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 2 : Elucidation of omics approaches and computational techniques for wastewater treatment: A deep insight -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Bioremediation -- 2.3 Bioremediation and omics -- 2.4 Bioremediation and genomics -- 2.4.1 In-silico toxicity of the compounds -- 2.5 System biology approach in bioremediation -- 2.6 Metagenomics in bioremediation -- 2.7 Microarray analysis in bioremediation.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (342 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781789063790
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 8
    Description / Table of Contents: Intro -- Cover -- Contents -- Foreword -- Contributors -- About the editors -- Chapter 1: Feedwater Quality Guidelines and Assessment Methods for Membrane-based Desalination -- 1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.2 PARTICULATE FOULING POTENTIAL -- 1.3 INORGANIC FOULING AND SCALING POTENTIAL -- 1.4 ORGANIC FOULING POTENTIAL -- 1.4.1 Organic carbon -- 1.4.2 UV absorbance and fluorescence -- 1.4.3 LC-OCD -- 1.4.4 TEP -- 1.4.5 Oil and grease -- 1.5 BIOFOULING POTENTIAL -- 1.5.1 Bacterial growth potential -- 1.5.2 Assimilable organic carbon -- 1.5.3 Biodegradable dissolved organic carbon -- 1.5.4 Phosphate -- 1.6 OUTLOOK AND OPPORTUNITIES -- 1.7 ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS -- 1.8 REFERENCES -- Part 1: Membrane processes -- Chapter 2: Microfiltration and ultrafiltration -- 2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.1.1 Advantages of ultrafiltration compared to conventional treatment -- 2.2 DESIGN AND OPTIMIZE MEMBRANE PROCESSES -- 2.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE FILTRATION PROCESS -- 2.4 MEMBRANE TYPES -- 2.5 BASIC EQUATIONS -- 2.6 NORMALIZATION -- 2.7 MEMBRANE FOULING -- 2.8 SUSTAINABLE FLUX -- 2.9 MEMBRANE DESIGN AND MODULE -- 2.10 PRETREATMENT -- 2.11 CLEANINGS -- 2.11.1 Optimization of hydraulic cleaning -- 2.12 MEMBRANE CASCADES -- 2.13 SUMMARY -- 2.14 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3: Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration -- 3.1 THE RISE OF REVERSE OSMOSIS -- 3.2 SUSTAINAIBLITY OF REVERSE OSMOSIS -- 3.3 UNDERSTANDING THE OSMOSIS PROCESS -- 3.3.1 Semi-permeable membranes -- 3.3.2 The reverse osmosis process -- 3.4 EQUATIONS -- 3.4.1 Fundamental equations -- 3.4.1.1 Osmotic pressure -- 3.4.1.2 Water flux -- 3.4.1.3 Salt transport -- 3.4.1.4 The difference between convective and concentration driven flows -- 3.4.2 System equations -- 3.4.3 Factors affecting membrane performance -- 3.4.3.1 Feed pressure -- 3.4.3.2 Feed concentration -- 3.4.3.3 Feed temperature -- 3.4.3.4 Concentration polarization.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (489 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781789062984
    DDC: 628.164
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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