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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore : Springer Nature Singapore | Singapore : Imprint: Springer
    Keywords: Geology. ; Geophysics. ; Cogeneration of electric power and heat. ; Fossil fuels. ; Energy policy. ; Energy and state. ; Zentralchina ; Sichuan ; Erdgas ; Becken ; Formation ; Prospektion ; Sedimentationsbecken ; Kalkstein ; Sedimentologie ; Paläogeografie ; Permeabilität ; Porosität ; Calcit-Dolomit-Sediment ; Paläokarst ; Erdgaslagerstätte ; Speichergestein ; Lithologie ; Gesteinskunde ; Erdgasgeologie ; Dolomitkalk ; Karst ; Chemische Verwitterung ; Klastisches Gestein ; Dolomit
    Description / Table of Contents: Outline of Regional Geological Setting -- Structural Characteristics and Evolution -- Lithofacies Palaeogeography and Sedimentary Evolution -- Reservoir Characteristics and Distribution Prediction -- Evaluation of Natural Gas Accumulation Conditions -- Recent Key Exploration Fields and Zones.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource(XIII, 361 p. 308 illus., 306 illus. in color.)
    Edition: 1st ed. 2024.
    ISBN: 9789819925285
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-01-27
    Description: Defective nucleotide modifications of mitochondrial tRNAs have been associated with several human diseases, but their pathophysiology remains poorly understood. In this report, we investigated the pathogenic molecular mechanism underlying a hypertension-associated 4435A→G mutation in mitochondrial tRNAMet. The m.4435A→G mutation affected a highly conserved adenosine at position 37, 3′ adjacent to the tRNA's anticodon, which is important for the fidelity of codon recognition and stabilization. We hypothesized that the m.4435A→G mutation introduced an m1G37 modification of tRNAMet, altering its structure and function. Primer extension and methylation activity assays indeed confirmed that the m.4435A→G mutation created a tRNA methyltransferase 5 (TRMT5)–catalyzed m1G37 modification of tRNAMet. We found that this mutation altered the tRNAMet structure, indicated by an increased melting temperature and electrophoretic mobility of the mutated tRNA compared with the wildtype molecule. We demonstrated that cybrid cell lines carrying the m.4435A→G mutation exhibited significantly decreased efficiency in aminoacylation and steady-state levels of tRNAMet, as compared with those of control cybrids. The aberrant tRNAMet metabolism resulted in variable decreases in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-encoded polypeptides in the mutant cybrids. Furthermore, we found that the m.4435A→G mutation caused respiratory deficiency, markedly diminished mitochondrial ATP levels and membrane potential, and increased the production of reactive oxygen species in mutant cybrids. These results demonstrated that an aberrant m1G37 modification of mitochondrial tRNAMet affected the structure and function of its tRNA and consequently altered mitochondrial function. Our findings provide critical insights into the pathophysiology of maternally inherited hypertension, which is manifested by the deficient tRNA nucleotide modification.
    Print ISSN: 0021-9258
    Electronic ISSN: 1083-351X
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-04-13
    Description: The prediction of oil cracked gas resources is necessary and urgent in the gas exploration of these basins at high to over stage in China. A marine crude oil sample was pyrolyzed using sealed gold tubes system in our study. The pyrolysates including gas, liquid, and solid were quantitatively analyzed. Based on the pyrolysis data and kinetic calculation, the yield correlativity among gas, liquid, and solid products was regressed with high correlative coefficients to establish a prediction model suitable for the resource estimation of oil cracked gas. The verification formula for this model was also established on the principle of mass conservation. The affecting factors and the application preconditions of this model were discussed. Finally the model was extrapolated to the prediction of oil cracked gas resources of Feixianguan formation in NE Sichuan basin, SW China. The prediction value of oil cracked resources is about 6.84×1012 m3, and generation intensity of oil cracked gas is about 97.5×108 m3/km2, and the paleo-oil reserves is about 97×108 t. The verifying value for this prediction is approximately equal to 1, indicating the model is reliable in the resource estimation of oil cracked gas.
    Print ISSN: 1687-8833
    Electronic ISSN: 1687-8841
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Hindawi
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-01-22
    Description: The prediction of oil cracked gas resources is necessary and urgent in the gas exploration of these basins at high to over stage in China. A marine crude oil sample was pyrolyzed using sealed gold tubes system in our study. The pyrolysates including gas, liquid, and solid were quantitatively analyzed. Based on the pyrolysis data and kinetic calculation, the yield correlativity among gas, liquid, and solid products was regressed with high correlative coefficients to establish a prediction model suitable for the resource estimation of oil cracked gas. The verification formula for this model was also established on the principle of mass conservation. The affecting factors and the application preconditions of this model were discussed. Finally the model was extrapolated to the prediction of oil cracked gas resources of Feixianguan formation in NE Sichuan basin, SW China. The prediction value of oil cracked resources is about 6.84×1012 m3, and generation intensity of oil cracked gas is about 97.5×108 m3/km2, and the paleo-oil reserves is about 97×108 t. The verifying value for this prediction is approximately equal to 1, indicating the model is reliable in the resource estimation of oil cracked gas.
    Print ISSN: 1687-8833
    Electronic ISSN: 1687-8841
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Hindawi
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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