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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2021-02-08
    Description: Eco-friendly, cost efficient and effective extraction methods have become significant for the industries applying zero waste principles. The two main objectives of this study were; to examine fucoxanthin extraction from wet Phaeodactylum tricornutum using subcritical fluid extraction and to characterize the residual biomass in order to determine the potential application areas. The highest fucoxanthin yield of 0.69 ± 0.05 mg/g wet cell weight was achieved using methanol with solvent-to-solid ratio of 200:1 at 120 rpm, 20 MPa pressure and at 35 °C for 60 min by subcritical extraction. Microscopy images showed that most of the cells were disrupted and intracellular components were effectively released. Based on the results of energy dispersive spectroscopy, biomass contained a mixture of organic molecules including mainly carbon (57–72%), oxygen (26–41%), magnesium (0.6–1.4%) and silica (0.4–1%) (wt%). These results make the residual biomass a potential candidate for various areas such as bioenergy, material sciences and sensor technologies.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2023-06-19
    Description: Supercritical CO2 extraction of phenolic compounds from Zostera marina residues was optimized by developing a mathematical model based on mass transfer balances. A linear driving force model was applied considering model parameters such as solute concentration on the surface of the solid (Cs) and in the supercritical fluid phase (Cf), film mass transfer coefficient (kf) and molecular diffusivity (DAB) and axial dispersion (Dax) coefficients. Henry's law was used to describe the equilibrium state of solid and fluid phases. The results of the proposed model were compared to that of the experimental data in terms of transport properties and extraction yield at various temperatures (303.15, 323.15, 353.15 K), pressures (15, 25, 35 MPa) and co-solvent mass ratios (0, 10, 20%). The optimum parameters were elicited as 25 MPa, 353.15 K and a co-solvent ratio of 20% yielding 77.22 μg g−1 dry feed. The model satisfactorily described the extraction yield which can be used for scale-up purposes.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2023-06-19
    Description: Zostera marina is an aquatic plant forming wide grasslands and considered as the lungs of the marine ecosystems. However, the residues reaching the coastlines create nuisance and high costs are required for their disposal. The objective was to investigate the potential of Z. marina residues as a source of secondary metabolites and feedstock in order to propose alternative solutions to the landfill. The supercritical CO2 extract had a total phenol value of 55.4 mg GAE/g extract and a radical scavenging capacity of 71.4%. Considering the raffinate phase, 3% higher hemicellulose content was reached after supercritical CO2 treatment. Enzymatic hydrolysis revealed 31.45% and the yield of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation was 8.72% corresponding to a productivity of 0.273 kg/(m3 h). An integrated process is proposed, where supercritical fluid extraction can act both as the main process to obtain solvent-free pharmaceutical compounds and a pretreatment method in order to loosen the lignin structure, thereby liberating some of the hemicellulose in the matrix.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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