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  • 11
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 107 (1997), S. 8380-8390 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The collisional deactivation of vibrationally highly excited azulene was studied from gas into compressed liquid phase by pump-and-probe picosecond laser spectroscopy. Collisional deactivation rates were compared with solvatochromic shifts Δν of the azulene S3←S0 absorption band under identical conditions. Employing supercritical fluids at pressures between 0.03 and 4000 bars and temperatures between 298 and 640 K, measurements covering the complete gas–liquid transition were performed. For the energy transfer experiments, azulene with an energy of ∼20000 cm−1 was generated by laser excitation into the S1- and internal conversion to the S0*-ground state. The subsequent loss of vibrational energy was monitored by following the transient absorption at the red wing of the S3←S0 absorption band near 290 nm. Transient signals were converted into energy-time profiles using hot band absorption coefficients from shock wave experiments for calibration and accounting for solvent shifts of the spectra. Under all conditions, the energy decays were found to be exponential with phenomenological deactivation rate constants kc. kc and spectral shifts Δν showed quite similar density dependences: the low pressure linear increase of both quantities with density ρ at higher densities starts to level off, before it finally becomes stronger again. The parallel behavior of energy transfer rate constants and solvent shifts becomes particularly apparent near to the critical point: measurements in propane at 3 K above the critical temperature showed that kc and Δν are essentially constant over a broad density interval near to the critical density. These observations suggest that both quantities are determined by the same local bath gas density around the azulene molecule. By Monte Carlo simulations it is shown that kc(ρ) follows an isolated binary collision (IBC) model, if the collision frequency Z is related to the radial distribution function g(r) of an attractive hard-sphere particle in a Lennard-Jones fluid. Within this model, average energies 〈ΔE〉 transferred per ethane–azulene collision are temperature independent between 298 and 640 K and pressure independent between 0.03 and 4000 bars. By means of radial distribution functions the density dependence of Δν can be represented as well. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 12
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Chemical Physics Letters 218 (1994), S. 43-50 
    ISSN: 0009-2614
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 13
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European journal of pediatrics 101 (1967), S. 43-48 
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Oesophagusatresie ; gastro-oesophagealer Reflux
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Five children who were operated upon for esophageal atresia, were examined by lateral fluoroscopy with TV control, because they were suffering from recurring bronchitis and bronchopneumonia. In all these cases we found a normal anastomotic side, which showed frequently a barrier for passage of the bolus. This happened also without any manifested stenoses at the anatomotic level. Therefore the former upper esophageal pouch constituted a little reservoir. In all these cases we also observed a very manifest esophageal reflux. With each refluxwave the former upper pouch was refilled again, and reflux was seen from this part into the oro and laryngopharynx with cough and occasional aspiration. We are convinced that these phaenomena are responsible to the recurring bronchitis and bronchopneumonia. For treatment we suggest no eating, 2–3 hours before sleeping and elevating of the cranial upper part of the bed. It is possible, that an antireflux operation like fundoplicatio may be indicated.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2012-09-29
    Description: Binding of heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) to the histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) mark is a hallmark of establishment and maintenance of heterochromatin. Although genetic and cell biological aspects have been elucidated, the molecular details of HP1 binding to H3K9me3 nucleosomes are unknown. Using a combination of NMR spectroscopy and biophysical measurements on fully defined recombinant experimental systems, we demonstrate that H3K9me3 works as an on/off switch regulating distinct binding modes of hHP1β to the nucleosome. The methyl-mark determines a highly flexible and very dynamic interaction of the chromodomain of hHP1β with the H3-tail. There are no other constraints of interaction or additional multimerization interfaces. In contrast, in the absence of methylation, the hinge region and the N-terminal tail form weak nucleosome contacts mainly with DNA. In agreement with the high flexibility within the hHP1β-H3K9me3 nucleosome complex, the chromoshadow domain does not provide a direct binding interface. Our results report the first detailed structural analysis of a dynamic protein-nucleosome complex directed by a histone modification and provide a conceptual framework for understanding similar interactions in the context of chromatin.
    Print ISSN: 0021-9258
    Electronic ISSN: 1083-351X
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2012-09-11
    Description: Bacteriophage phi92 is a large, lytic myovirus isolated in 1983 from pathogenic Escherichia coli strains that carry a polysialic acid capsule. Here we report the genome organization of phi92, the cryoelectron microscopy reconstruction of its virion, and the reinvestigation of its host specificity. The genome consists of a linear, double-stranded 148,612-bp DNA sequence containing 248 potential open reading frames and 11 putative tRNA genes. Orthologs were found for 130 of the predicted proteins. Most of the virion proteins showed significant sequence similarities to proteins of myoviruses rv5 and PVP-SE1, indicating that phi92 is a new member of the novel genus of rv5-like phages. Reinvestigation of phi92 host specificity showed that the host range is not limited to polysialic acid-encapsulated Escherichia coli but includes most laboratory strains of Escherichia coli and many Salmonella strains. Structure analysis of the phi92 virion demonstrated the presence of four different types of tail fibers and/or tailspikes, which enable the phage to use attachment sites on encapsulated and nonencapsulated bacteria. With this report, we provide the first detailed description of a multivalent, multispecies phage armed with a host cell adsorption apparatus resembling a nanosized Swiss army knife. The genome, structure, and, in particular, the organization of the baseplate of phi92 demonstrate how a bacteriophage can evolve into a multi-pathogen-killing agent.
    Print ISSN: 0022-538X
    Electronic ISSN: 1098-5514
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Description: This 1D/2D petroleum system modelling study intended to reconstruct the temperature, maturation, migration and accumulation history within the „Tight Gas Area“ on the southern edge of the Pompeckj Block in northern Germany. To better understand hydrocarbon migration and to generate a more reliable predictive model of reservoir characteristics, we integrated detailed information from (i) sedimentological analysis of core and log data, and (ii) a structural reconstruction of the Rotliegend reservoir horizons. One cross section and 12 wells were examined using the 1D/2D simulation software PetroMod® 7.1 of IES GmbH, Jülich; subsequently the results of the 1D modelling were incorporated in the 2D model. The W-E section connects well-known gas fields of the Nordhannover concession and runs perpendicular to the prevalent N-S striking horst-and-graben structures within the Paleozoic rocks. The depth to the major source rocks within the area, the coal-bearing Westphalian strata, varies between 5800 m and around 4700 m in some areas (e.g. Top Westphalian B). Along the section, a pre-Permian erosion of between 400 to 1200 m of Upper Carboniferous sediments was assumed, the actual amount depending on the position relative to horst and grabens. During the Upper Carboniferous and the Rotliegend the temperatures within Westphalian B and Lower Westphalian C sediments remained below 100°C and 75°C, respectively. The temperatures within these sediments increased by about 50°C, before they decreased again to 125°C and 100°C, respectively, due to the Late Jurassic inversion. During on-going burial in the Upper Cretaceous, temperatures rose until they reached their present-day values of about 175°C in Lower Westfalian C, 210°C in Westfalian B, and more than 250°C in Namurian C sediments. According to the temperature history, the maturation of organic matter within these rocks occurred in two important stages. During the Triassic, vitrinite reflectance reached values of 1.5% and 1.0% in Westphalian B and Lower Westphalian C sediments, respectively. The second period of intense maturation was coeval with enhanced subsidence during the Upper Cretaceous, when vitrinite reflectance within Westfalian B and C sediments increased from to 3.0% and about 2.2%, respectively. Maturity within the horst block sediments remained lower by about 1.0%. Within Westphalian B sediments gas generation started during the Middle Triassic and lasted until the Late Tertiary. These rocks became overmature whilst Lower Westfalian C rocks generated gas until the present time and transformed 60-90% of their convertible kerogen into hydrocarbons, the actual amount depending on the structural position. During the Jurassic and the Triassic, when the regional stress field allowed N-S striking faults to be dilatant and to act as migration pathways, high gas columns along the fault zones led to a breakthrough and loss of gas, where thinned Zechstein salt exists.
    Keywords: 550 - Earth sciences
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Keywords: 550 - Earth sciences
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2020-04-17
    Keywords: 550 - Earth sciences
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Keywords: 550 - Earth sciences
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2020-02-12
    Keywords: 550 - Earth sciences
    Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
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