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  • Atmosphere  (1)
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance  (1)
  • HO2 -, NO2 +in situ data  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Electron paramagnetic resonance ; Free radicals ; Matrix isolation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract With some special adaptations the technique of matrix isolation followed by detection through electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) can also be used for the measurement of atmospheric radical concentrations. A light weight cryogenic sampling device has been constructed. It uses condensation of atmospheric CO2 or H2O at 77 K for matrix formation and trapping of the radicals. The sampler has been flown on a balloon for stratospheric sampling. First data on stratospheric, HO2 and NO2 at 32 km altitude have been obtained on a flight on 8 August 1976 and will be reported.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Pure and applied geophysics 116 (1978), S. 452-464 
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Keywords: Trace gases ; Atmosphere ; Sources and Sinks ; Methane
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract In 1972 average mixing ratio of methane in the troposphere was 1.41 ppm and 1.3 ppmv for the northern and southern hemisphere, respectively, which corresponds to a total amount of 4×1015 g of CH4 present in the atmosphere. Most is of recent biologic origin.14C analyses show that no more than 20 percent is released by fossil sources. The various ecosystems producing CH4 are discussed and the total annual production is estimated to lie between 5.5×1014 g/yr and 11×1014 g/yr. The corresponding turnover times for atmospheric CH4 range from 4 to 7 yrs. The destruction of CH4 takes place mainly in the troposphere, most probably through the reaction of CH4 + OH ↠ CH3 + H2O. About 10 percent of the CH4 is destroyed in the stratosphere. The CH4 cycle contributes on the order of 1 percent to the atmospheric carbon cycle.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of atmospheric chemistry 2 (1984), S. 191-202 
    ISSN: 1573-0662
    Keywords: Stratospheric photochemistry ; HO2 -, NO2 +in situ data ; vertical profiles
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract Vertical profiles of stratospheric HO2 and NO2 concentrations were determined using matrix isolation and ESR. Up to 10 different samples per flight were collected in situ by a balloon borne cryosampler. Free radicals and trace constituents which are condensable at 68 K are trapped in a polycristalline H2O or D2O matrix. After collection, the samples are stored at a temperature below 83 K until they are analysed in the laboratory by X-band ESR spectroscopy at 4 K. The HO2 and NO2 were identified and calibrated by comparison with standard samples collected in the laboratory under typical stratospheric sampling conditions. From several flights over Southern France (44°N) we obtained two profiles of the stratospheric NO2 mixing ratio. One, from 21 October 1982, agrees well with previous measurements. The other, from 8 October 1981, is lower by one order of magnitude. The few HO2 data obtained around 35 km altitude agree with previous measurements. An isolated measurement at 17 km altitude is one order of magnitude higher than the model predicted HO2 concentration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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