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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Experimental dermatology 10 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0625
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Dendritic cells seem to be of major importance for the pathogenesis of psoriasis. They are increased in number in lesional psoriatic skin which is thought to be due to an increased influx from the peripheral blood regulated by chemotaxins. Using a biological/biochemical approach we have addressed the question whether psoriasis scale extracts contain proteinaceous chemotaxins for dendritic cells. Human monocytes differentiated into dendritic cells by culture with GM-CSF and IL-4 (MoDC) served as responder cells. Chemotactic activity for MoDC was purified by several HPLC-steps. The results of our study show that C5a/C5adesarg is the major chemotactic peptide for MoDC in psoriasis scale extracts. In comparison to other stimuli such as fMLP or monocyte chemotactic peptide 1 (MCP-1) C5a proved to be a most potent and efficient chemotaxin for MoDC. C5a co-eluted with MRP14/calgranulin B which is present in large amounts in psoriasis scale extracts as identified by amino acid sequencing. However, MRP14/calgranulin B did not possess any chemotactic activity for MoDC. Our results provide evidence that C5a/C5adesarg although not specific for dendritic cells seems to be the major chemoattractant for these cells in lesional psoriasis skin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Experimental dermatology 9 (2000), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0625
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The etiology and pathogenesis of psoriasis – one of the most common chronic, inflammatory, hyperproliferative skin disorders of man – have long fascinated dermatologists, pathologists and biologists alike. Here, we have a model disease that offers to study neuroectodermal-mesenchymal interactions in the widest sense possible. Epithelial, endothelial, and hematopoietic cells as well as neurons projecting into the skin apparently all interact with each other to generate the characteristic psoriatic lesion. For decades, the ongoing controversy on the molecular nature, choreography and hierarchy of these complex interactions e.g. between epidermal keratinocytes, T cells, neurotrophils, endothelial cells and sensory nerves has served as a driving force propelling investigative dermatology to ever new horizons. This debate has not only been at the heart of our quest to develop more effective forms of therapy for this socially crippling disease, but it also has profoundly influenced how we view the skin as a whole: the numerous competing theories on the pathogenesis of psoriasis published so far also are reflections on the evolution of mainstream thought in skin biology over the last decades. These days, conventional wisdom – infatuated with a T-cell-centered approach to inflammatory skin diseases – portrays psoriasis as an autoimmune disease, where misguided T lymphocyte activities cause secondary epithelial abnormalities. And yet, as this CONTROVERSIES feature reminds us, some authoritative “pockets of academic resistance” are still quite alive, and interpret psoriasis e.g. as a genetically determined, abnormal epithelial response pattern to infectious and/or physicochemical skin insults. Weighing the corresponding lines of argumentation is not only an intriguing, clinically relevant intellectual exercise, but also serves as a wonderful instrument for questioning our own views of the skin universe and its patterns of deviation from a state of homeostasis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 57 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: To gain insight into the mechanisms responsible for tissue neutrophil immigration in sinusitis, primary nasal fibroblasts are analyzed for synthesizing and delivering neutrophil chemokines.Methods: Primary nasal fibroblast cell culture was treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α concentrations of 20 and 200 ng/ml for 2, 8, 24 and 72 h. Chemokine concentrations in supernatants were determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) and chemokine mRNA expression in fibroblasts was measured by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Biological chemotactic activity was identified by three-step high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and by bioassay measuring neutrophil chemotaxis in a single Boyden chamber system.Results: Interleukin (IL)-8 and growth-related oncogene (GRO)-α were induced in nasal fibroblast culture by proinflammatory stimulus. After 24 h of stimulation neutrophil chemotactic activity only was detected for IL-8. Granulocyte chemotactic protein (GCP)-2 mRNA was already significantly up-regulated after 2 h of stimulation.Conclusion: Induction of IL-8 protein dominates chemokine synthesis 24 and 72 h after stimulation, whereas induction of GCP-2 mRNA seems to have a role in the early phase after 2 h of exposition with TNF-α.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-03-11
    Description: Evidence shows that factor VIII (FVIII) ectopically expressed in platelets (2bF8) is therapeutic in FVIII null mice even with anti-FVIII inhibitory antibodies (inhibitors). If current efforts to generate platelets in vitro succeed, genetically manipulated platelets containing FVIII may be used therapeutically in hemophilia A patients with inhibitors. One important concern is the immunogenicity of platelet-derived FVIII. To address this concern, we infused 2bF8 transgenic (2bF8 Tg ) platelets into naïve FVIII null mice weekly for 8 weeks. No anti-FVIII antibodies were detected in the infused animals during the study course. We then explored whether platelet-derived FVIII is immunogenic in FVIII null mice with inhibitors. The 2bF8 Tg platelets were transfused into rhF8-primed FVIII null mice, resulting in no augmentation of anti-FVIII antibodies. To investigate whether preconditioning affects the immune response, animals were sublethally irradiated and subsequently transfused with 2bF8 Tg platelets. No anti-FVIII antibodies were detected in the recipients after platelet infusions. Following further challenge with rhF8, the inhibitor titer in this group was significantly lower than in naïve FVIII null mice utilizing the same immunization protocol. Thus, our data demonstrate that infusion of platelets containing FVIII triggers neither primary nor memory anti-FVIII immune response in FVIII null mice and that sublethal irradiation plus 2bF8 Tg platelet infusion suppresses anti-FVIII immune response in FVIII null mice.
    Keywords: Thrombosis and Hemostasis
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2014-01-17
    Description: Our previous studies have demonstrated that platelet FVIII (2bF8) gene therapy can improve hemostasis in hemophilia A mice, even in the presence of inhibitory antibodies, but none of our studies has targeted human cells. Here, we evaluated the feasibility for lentivirus (LV)-mediated human platelet gene therapy of hemophilia A. Human platelet FVIII expression was introduced by 2bF8LV-mediated transduction of human cord blood (hCB) CD34 + cells followed by xenotransplantation into immunocompromised NSG mice or NSG mice in an FVIII null background (NSGF8KO). Platelet FVIII was detected in all recipients that received 2bF8LV-transduced hCB cells as long as human platelet chimerism persisted. All NSGF8KO recipients (n = 7) that received 2bF8LV-transduced hCB cells survived tail clipping if animals had greater than 2% of platelets derived from 2bF8LV-transduced hCB cells, whereas 5 of 7 survived when human platelets were 0.3% to 2%. Whole blood clotting time analysis confirmed that hemostasis was improved in NSGF8KO mice that received 2bF8LV-transduced hCB cells. We demonstrate, for the first time, the feasibility of 2bF8LV gene delivery to human hematopoietic stem cells to introduce FVIII expression in human platelets and that human platelet–derived FVIII can improve hemostasis in hemophilia A.
    Keywords: Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Gene Therapy
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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