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  • 1
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (100 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9783111366876
    Series Statement: Chronoi Series v.10
    DDC: 394.26093
    Language: English
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-06-18
    Description: Question Studying the effects of alterations in precipitation regime on plant communities, including drought and heavy rain spells, is gaining increased importance under climate change. Numerous studies focus on shifts in above-ground production, analysing, climate response of vegetative plant traits, but few consider plant fitness and reproduction. We investigated the response to climate manipulation of generative plant traits and the role of community composition for target species performance. Location An experimental heathlands in Central Europe. Methods We investigated the effects of extreme events such as drought and heavy rainfall, as well as homogeneous precipitation supply, i.e. continuous water availability, on experimental heath communities differing in species numbers (two, four) and functional groups (one, two). We investigated generative traits (number of flowers, number of seeds, seed rain, seed mass, germination rate and reproductive success) and vegetative traits (above-ground biomass, ratio of abundance in 2010 to abundance in 2005, cover) of the two common heath species Vaccinium myrtillus L. and Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull. Results First, the species composition of the community had a larger influence on target species traits than precipitation manipulations. Second, our four-species community had higher production of flowers, seeds and increased reproductive success of target individuals than the two-species C. vulgaris–V. myrtillus community. Third, homogeneous water supply (weekly irrigation) increased the reproductive success of C. vulgaris . Conclusions Our results provide evidence that community composition and richness might be crucial for heath performance, with the facilitative effects of species interactions gaining increased importance under climatic instability. We investigated the generative (e.g. seed rain, seed mass, germination) and vegetative traits (biomass, abundance, cover) of Vaccinium myrtillus and Calluna vulgaris i n a long-term experiment. We observe a greater influence of species composition than of precipitation manipulations. In addition, for C. vulgaris, production of flowers and seeds as well as reproductive success of four-species community is higher than of two-species community.
    Print ISSN: 1100-9233
    Electronic ISSN: 1654-1103
    Topics: Biology
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