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    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 105 (1996), S. 3121-3131 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The collisional deactivation of vibrationally highly excited azulene was studied from the gas to the compressed liquid phase. Employing supercritical fluids like He, Xe, CO2, and ethane at pressures of 6–4000 bar and temperatures ≥380 K, measurements over the complete gas–liquid transition were performed. Azulene with an energy of 18 000 cm−1 was generated by laser excitation into the S1 and internal conversion to the S0*-ground state. The subsequent loss of vibrational energy was monitored by transient absorption at the red edge of the S3←S0 absorption band near 290 nm. Transient signals were converted into energy-time profiles using hot band absorption coefficients from shock wave experiments for calibration and accounting for solvent shifts of the spectra. Under all conditions, the decays were monoexponential. At densities below 1 mol/l, collisional deactivation rates increased linearly with fluid density. Average energies 〈ΔE〉 transferred per collision agreed with data from dilute gas phase experiments. For Xe, CO2, and C2H6, the linear relation between cooling rate and diffusion coefficient scaled collision frequencies ZD turned over to a much weaker dependence at ZD(approximately-greater-than)0.3 ps−1. Up to collision frequencies of ZD=15 ps−1 this behavior can well be rationalized by a model employing an effective collision frequency related to the finite lifetime of collision complexes. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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