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  • 1
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Olson, Hilary C; Smart, Christopher W (2004): Pleistocene climatic history reflected in planktonic foraminifera from ODP Site 1073 (Leg 174A), New Jersey margin, NW Atlantic Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology, 51(3-4), 213-238, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2003.11.002
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Description: Abundance records of planktonic foraminifera (〉150 µm) from the upper 520 m of ODP Site 1073 (Hole 1073A, Leg 174A, 639 m water depth) have been integrated with SPECMAP-derived isotope stratigraphy, percentage of calcium carbonate, and coarse sediment fraction data in order to investigate the Pleistocene climatic history of the New Jersey margin. Six planktonic taxonomic groups dominate the foraminiferal assemblage at Site 1073: Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (d) (mean 33.8%), Turborotalita quinqueloba (18.5%), N. pachyderma (s) (18.4%), Globigerina bulloides group (11.4%), Globorotalia inflata group (9.4%), and Globigerinita glutinata (4.1%). Based on the distributions of these six foraminiferal groups, the Pleistocene section can be divided into three paleoclimatic intervals: Interval I (intermediate) corresponds to the Quaternary sediments from sequence boundary pp1 to the seafloor (79.5–0 mbsf; Emiliania huxleyi acme [85 ka] at 72 mbsf); Interval II (warm) occurs between sequence boundaries pp3 and pp1 (325–79.5 mbsf; last occurrence of Pseudoemiliania lacunosa [460 ka] at 330 mbsf); and Interval III (coldest) occurs between sequence boundaries pp4 and pp3 (520–325 mbsf; Calcareous nannofossils and dinocysts in proximity to pp4 indicate that the sedimentary record for 0.9–1.7 Ma is either missing altogether or highly condensed within the basal few meters of the section). Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (d) displays eight peaks of abundance which correlate, for the most part, with depleted delta18O values, increases in calcium carbonate percentages, low coarse fraction percentages, increased planktonic fragmentation (greater dissolution), and low N. pachyderma (s) abundances. These intervals are interpreted as representing warmer/interglacial conditions. Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (s) displays seven peaks of abundance which correlate, for the most part, with delta18O increases, decreases in calcium carbonate percentages, increases in coarse fraction percentages, and low N. pachyderma (d) abundances. These intervals are interpreted as representing cooler/glacial conditions. In Interval III, a faunal response to relative changes in sea-surface temperature is reflected by abundance peaks in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (d), followed by Turborotalita quinqueloba and then N. pachyderma (s) (proceeding from warmest to coolest, respectively). This tripartite response is consistent with the oxygen isotope record and, although not as clear, also occurs in Intervals I and II. Six peaks/peak intervals of Globigerina bulloides abundance are closely matched by peaks in Globigerinita glutinata and occur within oxygen isotope stage (OIS) 2 (latter part) 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 13(?), 14(?), and 15(?). We speculate that these intervals reflect increased upwelling and nutrient levels during both glacials and interglacials. Eight peak intervals of Globorotalia inflata show a general inverse correlation with G. bulloides and may reflect lowered nutrient and warmer surface waters.
    Keywords: 174-1073A; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: application/zip, 3 datasets
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 2
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    Unknown
    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: McHugh, Cecilia M G; Olson, Hilary C (2002): Pleistocene chronology of continental margin sedimentation: New insights into traditional models, New Jersey. Marine Geology, 186(3-4), 389-411, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00198-6
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Description: Commonly accepted models for the evolution of continental margins link sediment erosion, transport and deposition to eustasy. To test these models, we constructed an oxygen isotope record from 520 m of Pleistocene sediment recovered by the Ocean Drilling Program Leg 174A from the New Jersey continental slope. The delta18O record was calibrated to SPECMAP oxygen isotope time scale [Imbrie et al. (1984), in: Berger et al. (Eds.), Milankovitch and Climate, 269-305] with radiocarbon ages, nannoplankton biostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and opal and calcium carbonate stratigraphy. Sixteen glacial/interglacial fluctuations of global ice volume have been recorded in the Pleistocene: oxygen isotope stages (OIS) 1 (partial), 2-4, 5 (partial) and 8 throughout 18. Contrary to predicted sedimentation models, a classification of mass-wasting deposits, based on variations in the styles of soft-sediment deformation and grain size, shows that: (1) mass-wasting is not restricted to glacial times but is present during both glacial and interglacial stages; (2) glacial stages are dominated by fine-grained sediments some of which were deposited by gravity flows; and (3) the transitions from glacial to interglacial stages are characterized by the deposition of coarse sands. The sedimentary record shows large-scale trends that do not fit the traditional models of higher glacial sedimentation rates since there is no consistent variation in sediment accumulation between glacial and interglacial stages. Instead there are longer-term sedimentation patterns. Uniform sedimentation rates of 62 cm/kyr characterize the early middle Pleistocene (OIS 12-18), followed by varying rates from low to very high for three consecutive time periods: OIS 11 to 9 (98-560 cm/kyr), OIS 8 (52-560 cm/kyr), and OIS 5 to 2 (37-353 cm/kyr). Each of these depositional units is contained within one seismic-stratigraphic sequence and bounded by sequence boundaries. Their deposition was influenced by the supply of sediment rather than eustasy. Sediment supply was modulated by: (1) the transition from the dominance of obliquity to that of eccentricity (OIS 18-12 to OIS 11-1); and (2) the proximity of the ice sheet (located not, vert, similar150 km away from the paleoshoreline during the last glacial maximum).
    Keywords: 174-1073; Comment; COMPCORE; Composite Core; Depth, bottom/max; DEPTH, sediment/rock; Depth, top/min; Facies name/code; Grain size description; Joides Resolution; Leg174B; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; see reference(s); South Atlantic Ocean; Type; Visual description
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 228 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1071C; Abundance; Age, minimum/young; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Preservation; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 106 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1071D; Abundance; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Preservation; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 34 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1071B; Abundance; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Preservation; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 21 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1071F; Abundance; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Preservation; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 56 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1072A; Abundance; Age, maximum/old; Age, minimum/young; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Preservation; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 213 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1071A; Abundance; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 40 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1073A; Abundance; Age, maximum/old; Age, minimum/young; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Preservation; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean; Zone to (top)
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 164 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2024-01-09
    Keywords: 174-1071F; Abundance estimate; Comment; Depth, composite; DEPTH, sediment/rock; DRILL; Drilling/drill rig; DSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation; Foraminifera, planktic abundance; Foraminifera, planktic indeterminata; Foraminifera, planktic preservation; Globigerina bulloides; Joides Resolution; Leg174A; Neogloboquadrina mayeri; Ocean Drilling Program; ODP; Paragloborotalia acrostoma; Sample code/label; South Atlantic Ocean
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 9 data points
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
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