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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 53 (1988), S. 2164-2166 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: GaInP epitaxial crystals grown on (001) GaAs at 660–700 °C by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition are examined by transmission electron microscopy. The computer-processed image of the high-resolution electron micrograph clearly reveals a lamellate-ordered domain structure of two variants of {111} superlattices, which is also investigated using cross-section and plan-view dark field electron micrographs. The spikes of well-defined superspots in the diffraction pattern were found to originate from the shape of the domains. The investigation of GaInP grown with different Zn concentrations showed that the disordering occurs as a result of a decrease in the density rather than the size of the domain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 82 (1997), S. 2938-2943 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Surface morphological changes in ZnSe-related II–VI epitaxial films grown by molecular beam epitaxy have been investigated by atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. We found that under group-II-rich conditions with c(2×2) surface reconstruction, the process of roughening gives rise to periodic elongated corrugations aligned in the [11¯0] direction. Under group-VI-rich conditions with (2×1) surface reconstruction, rounded grains form instead of corrugated structures. The surface morphology is dependent on the VI/II ratio and growth temperature, but is independent of the film strain. The observed morphological changes are mainly due to growth kinetics and are not stress driven. We propose a model to explain the changes in surface morphology under group-II-rich conditions and group-VI-rich conditions. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 66 (1995), S. 1208-1210 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We have carried out structural studies of nonluminescent areas developed by current injection in ZnMgSSe alloy-based II–VI blue light emitting diodes by electroluminescence topography and transmission electron microscopy. The nonradiative regions, which spread out in the 〈100〉 direction during current injection, consist of a high density of dislocation dipoles and dislocation loops. The source of these defects is the preexisting stacking faults originating at the substrate/epilayer interface. The dipoles themselves are aligned along both of the 〈110〉 directions lying in the {111} plane. Their Burgers vectors were of the type (a/2)〈011〉 inclined at 45° to the (001) junction plane. © 1995 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Scandinavian journal of immunology 32 (1990), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-3083
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In the presence of high concentrations of exogenous arachidonic acid (≥ 10 μm). eosinophils produced 15-hydroxycicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) in the absence of stimuli. The calcium ionophore A23187, as well as the chemotaxins used in this study-complement split product C5a, platelet-activating factor (PAF). and,N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine(FMLP)–failed to increase 15-HETE production, indicating that eosinophil 15-lipoxygenase is already active Production of 15-HETE from eosinophils increased with increasing concentrations of arachidonic acid, exogenously added. Maximal 15-HETE production was observed to he 1111 ± 380 ng per 106 eosinophils at the concentration of 100μm of arachidonic acid. With low concentrations of exogenous arachidonic acid (below 2;μm). eosinophils were considered to incorporate exogenous arachidonic acid into their cell membrane, and did not produce 15-HETE. In contrast, 15-HETE formation in highly purified neutrophils (eosinophils 〈 1%) was negligible compared with that in eosinophils (.300-fold less), suggesting that 15 f HETE-forming activity in granulocytes is derived from the eosinophil 15-lipoxygetiase pathway and that neutrophils may lack 15-lipoxygcnase activity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is an allergic reaction characteristically induced by intense exercise combined with the ingestion of causative food. Recent reports have shown that aspirin intake is a contributing factor in some patients with FDEIA. Wheat is known to be the most frequent causative food, and the IgE-binding epitopes of a major wheat allergen (ω-5 gliadin) in wheat-dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) have already been clarified. However, the mechanism of eliciting the symptom in WDEIA remains not fully understood.Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of serum gliadin levels and allergic symptoms induced by exercise or aspirin in patients with WDEIA.Methods Six patients with a history of recurrent anaphylaxis associated with wheat ingestion were diagnosed as having WDEIA by the provocation test, which included wheat ingestion, exercise, aspirin intake and a combination of these challenges. During the tests, serum levels of gliadins were monitored by gliadin-specific sandwich ELISA. The effects of exercise and aspirin on serum gliadin levels were also investigated in four healthy subjects.Results Immunoreactive gliadins appeared in the sera of patients during the provocation test with both wheat-exercise and wheat-aspirin challenges in parallel with allergic symptoms. Serum gliadin levels also increased under the two same challenge conditions in the healthy subjects, although they exhibited no allergic symptoms. However, low levels of gliadin were detected in the sera of both patients and healthy subjects when challenged with wheat alone.Conclusion We demonstrated for the first time that blood gliadin levels correlate with clinical symptoms induced by exercise and aspirin in patients with WDEIA. These findings suggest that exercise and aspirin facilitate allergen absorption from the gastrointestinal tract.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Allergy 56 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1398-9995
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 145 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Water/salt-insoluble wheat proteins have been identified as the most frequent allergenic foodstuffs in patients with food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) in Japan. However, the specific allergenic proteins in wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis have not been well defined. Challenge testing, skin testing and a fluoroenzyme immunoassay were used for diagnosis in two patients suspected by history of having wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. Gel chromatography and IgE immunoblotting followed by N-terminal amino acid sequencing were used to identify the allergenic wheat protein. The challenge test revealed that both patients had FDEIA. The skin tests and the immunoassay results suggested that wheat gluten was the allergen in both patients. Gel chromatography of wheat gluten revealed that the antigens had molecular weights ranging from 40 to 250 kDa. IgE immunoblotting and subsequent N-terminal amino acid sequencing revealed that wheat-γ-gliadin was the antigen predominantly bound by IgE in the two patients.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    British journal of dermatology 136 (1997), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background  Although there have been several reports on the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in Japanese schoolchildren based on questionnaires, there has been no nation-wide study of the frequency of this condition diagnosed by dermatologists in regular health check-ups of schoolchildren.Objectives  The objective of this work was to evaluate precisely the prevalence of AD in elementary schoolchildren in Japan based on regular health check-ups by dermatologists.Methods  In 2001/2, elementary schoolchildren: first graders (age 6–7 years) and sixth graders (age 11–12 years) were examined by dermatologists in eight prefectures of Japan (Hokkaido, Iwate, Tokyo, Gifu, Osaka, Hiroshima, Kochi and Fukuoka). In each prefecture, public elementary schools were randomly selected from urban and rural districts. We planned to examine about 700 schoolchildren in each of urban first, urban sixth, rural first and rural sixth grades from the eight areas, a total of 22 400 children (700 × 4 × 8). AD was diagnosed by the dermatologists based on the Japanese Dermatological Association criteria for the disease.Results  The point prevalence of AD was 11·2% overall (2664 of 23 719) ranging from 7·4% (Iwate) to 15·0% (Fukuoka) in the eight areas. Seventy-four per cent, 24%, 1·6% and 0·3% of those afflicted were in the mild, moderate, severe and very severe groups, respectively. Overall, the prevalence of first graders was slightly higher than that of sixth graders (11·8% vs. 10·5%, P 〈 0·01). There was no apparent difference in prevalence between urban and rural districts, or between boys and girls.Conclusions  The prevalence of AD in Japanese elementary schoolchildren was about 10%, three-quarters of those being mildly affected. This is the first nation-wide study made of Japanese elementary schoolchildren examined by dermatologists to evaluate the frequency of AD.
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