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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of atmospheric chemistry 16 (1993), S. 313-335 
    ISSN: 1573-0662
    Keywords: HO2-, RO2-, and NO3-radicals ; tropospheric measurements ; matrix isolation/electron spin resonance ; nighttime chemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract We present simultaneous field measurements of NO3 and peroxy radicals made at night in a forested area (Schauinsland, Black Forest, 48° N, 8° N, 1150 ASL), together with measurements of CO, O3, NO x , NO y , and hydrocarbons, as well as meteorological parameters. NO2, NO3, HO2, and ∑(RO2) radicals are detected with matrix isolation/electron spin resonance (MIESR). NO3 and HO2 were found to be present in the range of 0–10 ppt, whilst organic peroxy radicals reached concentrations of 40 ppt. NO3, RO2, and HO2 exhibited strong variations, in contrast to the almost constant values of the longer lived trace gases. The data suggest anticorrelation between NO3 and RO2 radical concentrations at night. The measured trace gas set allows the calculation of NO3 and peroxy radical concentrations, using a chemical box model. From these simulations, it is concluded that the observed anthropogenic hydrocarbons are not sufficient to explain the observed RO2 concentrations. The chemical budget of both NO3 and RO2 radicals can be understood if emissions of monoterpenes are included. The measured HO2 can only be explained by the model, when NO concentrations at night of around 5 ppt are assumed to be present. The presence of HO2 radicals implies the presence of hydroxyl radicals at night in concentrations of up to 105 cm−3.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of atmospheric chemistry 3 (1985), S. 341-361 
    ISSN: 1573-0662
    Keywords: Peroxyradicals ; NO2 ; in-situ measurement ; matrix isolation ; electron spin resonance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract A cryogenic system for the airborne and ground based sampling of ambient radicals by matrix isolation is described. The trapped radicals, e.g., NO2 and RO2, are analyzed by ESR. The technique has been improved, mainly by addition of water vapor to the sampled air, to yield a collection efficiency of (90±10)% and a lower detection limit of about 20 ppt, but it still does not distinguish between the different RO2. Careful calibration reduced the measurement error (1 σ) to ±10% for NO2 and ±15% for HO2. Two diurnal variations of RO2 and NO2 at ground level and vertical profiles in the lower troposphere are presented.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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