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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    San Diego :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Glacial climates. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (639 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780080468068
    Series Statement: Issn Series ; v.Volume 7
    DDC: 551.6
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- The Climate of Past Interglacials -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface: Climates of Past Interglacials - a PAGES Perspective -- Acknowledgements -- Section 1 Forcing Mechanisms -- Chapter 1. Introduction to Climate Forcing and Climate Feedbacks -- 1.1 What is climate? -- 1.2 Why does climate vary? -- 1.3 Climate forcing -- 1.4 Internal variability -- 1.5 Climate amplifier -- 1.6 Climate change triggers -- 1.7 Relevance to the interpretation of palaeoclimate archives -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Chapter 2. Insolation During Interglacial -- Abstract -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Energy received by the whole earth over a full year -- 2.3 Precession and obliquity -- 2.4 24-h Mean irradiance -- 2.5 Insolation at the top of the atmosphere and at the earth's surface -- 2.6 Caloric seasons -- 2.7 Tropical latitudes -- 2.8 The annual and seasonal irradiation -- 2.9 Mid-month and calendar insolations -- 2.10 Calendar definition and palaeoclimate simulations -- 2.11 Characteristics of insolation during interglacials -- References -- Chapter 3. A Survey of Hypotheses for the 100-kyr Cycle -- Abstract -- 3.1 A brief history of theories of ice ages -- 3.2 The 100-kyr paradox -- 3.3 Free models -- 3.4 Forced models -- 3.5 What type of model do we need? -- 3.6 Perspective -- References -- Chapter 4. Modelling the 100-kyr Cycle - An Example From LLN EMICs -- Abstract -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Last glacial-interglacial cycle -- 4.3 Last 200 kyr -- 4.4 Last 800 kyr -- 4.5 From 41- TO 100-kyr cycle -- 4.6 Conclusions -- References -- Section 2 Methods of Palaeoclimate Reconstruction and Dating -- Chapter 5. Introduction - Palaeoclimate Reconstructions and Dating -- References -- Chapter 6. Late Quaternary Interglacials in East Antarctica From Ice-Core Dust Records -- Abstract -- 6.1 Introduction. , 6.2 Late quaternary aeolian dust variability in Antarctica -- 6.3 Geographic dust provenance during glacials and interglacials -- 6.4 The LGM to holocene transition -- 6.5 Holocene epoch -- 6.6 Conclusions and perspectives -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 7. Eustatic Sea Level During Past Interglacials -- Abstract -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Evidence and chronology -- 7.3 Continuous records of sea-level change -- 7.4 Sea level during stage 5e -- 7.5 Interglacial sea levels in MIS 7, 9 and 11 -- 7.6 Interglacial sea level previous to MIS 11 -- 7.7 Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 8. Uranium-Series Dating of Peat from Central and Northern Europe -- Abstract -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Methodology -- 8.3 Experimental details -- 8.4 Application -- 8.5 Discussion -- 8.6 Conclusion -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Chapter 9. U-Redistribution in Fossil Reef Corals from Barbados, West Indies, and Sea-Level Reconstruction for MIS 6.5 -- Abstract -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Material and methods -- 9.3 Results -- 9.4 Discussion -- 9.5 MIS 6.5 - An extraordinary climate period -- 9.6 Timing, magnitude and duration of the MIS 6.5 sea-level peak -- 9.7 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 10. Holocene and Eemian Varve Types of Eifel Maar Lake Sediments -- Abstract -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 The holocene SMM lake -- 10.3 The eemian dry maar lake west HL -- 10.4 Comparison of sedimentation during the eemian and holocene interglacials -- References -- Chapter 11. Dating of Interglacial Sediments by Luminescence Methods -- Abstract -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Basic principles of luminescence dating -- 11.3 Specifics of dating interglacial deposits -- 11.4 Radioactive disequilibria -- 11.5 Experimental -- 11.6 Age determination on interglacial sediments - case studies -- 11.7 Summary -- References. , Chapter 12. Neanderthal Presence and Behaviour in Central and Northwestern Europe During MIS 5e -- Abstract -- 12.1 The Eemian interglacial -- 12.2 Conditions for the preservation of sites from the last interglacial -- 12.3 The ecological basis of hominid settlementand the chronological position of archaeological sites within the last interglacial -- 12.4 The early neanderthals -- 12.5 Tools and weapons -- 12.6 Subsistence -- 12.7 Religious conceptions -- 12.8 Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Section 3 Climate and Vegetation in Europe During MIS 5 -- Chapter 13. Introduction to Climate and Vegetation in Europe During MIS5 -- 13.1 Timing and duration -- 13.2 Pacing and amplitude of the Eemian climatic variability -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 14. Abrupt Cooling Events at the Very End of the Last Interglacial -- Abstract -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Lithology and stratigraphy of sediment cores -- 14.3 Methods -- 14.4 Synthesis of dust and pollen records -- 14.5 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 15. Estimates of Temperature and Precipitation Variations During the Eemian Interglacial: New Data From the Grande Pile Record (GP XXI) -- Abstract -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Chapter 16. Quantitative Time-Series Reconstructions of Holsteinian and Eemian Temperatures Using Botanical Data -- Abstract -- 16.1 Introduction -- 16.2 Definition of Holsteinian and Eemian -- 16.3. Climate reconstructions based on palaeobotanical data -- 16.4 Palaeobotanical and chronological data -- 16.5 Reconstructions -- 16.6 Comparison of interglacials -- References -- Chapter 17. Comparative Analysis of Vegetation and Climate Changes During the Eemian Interglacial in Central and Eastern Europe -- Abstract -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 Reconstruction of vegetation -- 17.3 Climatic reconstructions -- 17.4 Conclusions. , References -- Chapter 18. Indications of Short-Term Climate Warming at the Very End of the Eemian in Terrestrial Records of Central and Eastern Europe -- Abstract -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 Results and discussion -- 18.3 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 19. Vegetation Dynamics in Southern Germany During Marine Isotope Stage 5 (& -- sim -- 130 to 70 kyr Ago) -- Abstract -- 19.1 Introduction -- 19.2 Age model -- 19.3 Vegetation dynamics during MIS 5 -- 19.4 Vegetation gradients during the decline of the last interglacial -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 20. Subtropical NW Atlantic Surface Water Variability During the Last Interglacial -- Abstract -- 20.1 Introduction -- 20.2 Environmental background -- 20.3 Materials and methods -- 20.4 The temporal framework -- 20.5 Results and discussion -- 20.6 Discussion -- References -- Chapter 21. Abrupt Change of El Ni& -- ntilde -- o Activity off Peru During Stage MIS 5e-d -- Abstract -- 21.1 Introduction -- 21.2 Study site and material -- 21.3 Methods -- 21.4 Results -- 21.5 Discussion -- 21.6 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 22. Interglacial and Glacial Fingerprints from Lake Deposits in the Gobi Desert, NW China -- Abstract -- 22.1 Introduction -- 22.2 Geological setting -- 22.3 Methods -- 22.4 Age model -- 22.5 Results -- 22.6 Discussion -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Section 4 Climate, Vegetation and Mammalian Faunas in Europe during Middle Pleistocene Interglacials (MIS 7, 9, 11) -- Chapter 23. Introduction: Climate, Vegetation and Mammalian Faunas in Europe during Middle Pleistocene Interglacials (MIS 7, 9, 11) -- 23.1 Cromerian complex stage -- 23.2 Elsterian stage -- 23.3 Holsteinian stage -- 23.4 Saalian complex stage -- References. , Chapter 24. Fine-Tuning the Land-Ocean Correlation for the Late Middle Pleistocene of Southern Europe -- Abstract -- 24.1 Introduction -- 24.2 The terrestrial records -- 24.3 The marine record -- 24.4 Correlation -- 24.5 Discussion -- 24.6 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 25. Climate Variability of the Last Five Isotopic Interglacials: Direct Land-Sea-Ice Correlation from the Multiproxy Analysis of... -- Abstract -- 25.1 Introduction -- 25.2 Present-day environmental setting and pollen signal in the Iberian margin -- 25.3 Material and methods -- 25.4 The climatic variability of the last five isotopic interglacials in and off NW Iberia -- 25.5 Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 26. Palynological and Geochronological Study of the Holsteinian/Hoxnian/Landos Interglacial -- Abstract -- 26.1 Holsteinian deposits and their correlation with the MIS timescale -- 26.2 Palynological studies -- 26.3 230Th/U Dating of hoxnian and holsteinian deposits -- 26.4 Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 27. A New Holsteinian Pollen Record from the Dry Maar at D& -- ouml -- ttingen (Eifel) -- Abstract -- 27.1 Introduction -- 27.2 Location -- 27.3 Materials -- 27.4 Methods -- 27.5 Results -- 27.6 Discussion -- 27.7 Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 28. Interglacial Pollen Records from Sch& -- ouml -- ningen, North Germany -- Abstract -- 28.1 Introduction -- 28.2 Open mine Esbeck/Sch& -- ouml -- ningen -- 28.3 Discussion -- 28.4. Summary of stratigraphic aspects of the Sch& -- ouml -- ningen sequence -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 29. Mammalian Faunas From the Interglacial Periods in Central Europe and Their Stratigraphic Correlation -- Abstract -- 29.1 Introduction -- 29.2 The early Pleistocene -- 29.3 Middle Pleistocene interglacial faunas before the Elsterian. , 29.4 Middle Pleistocene interglacial faunas between Elsterian and Saalian.
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2014-01-20
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-01-20
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2012-06-07
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2012-06-07
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-09-23
    Description: International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) drilled a complete succession of the lacustrine sediment sequence deposited during the last ~500,000 years in Lake Van, Eastern Anatolia (Turkey). Based on a detailed seismic site survey, two sites at a water depth of up to 360 m were drilled in summer 2010, and cores were retrieved from sub-lake-floor depths of 140 m (Northern Basin) and 220 m (Ahlat Ridge). To obtain a complete sedimentary section, the two sites were multiple-cored in order to investigate the paleoclimate history of a sensitive semi-arid region between the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean seas. Further scientific goals of the PALEOVAN project are the reconstruction of earthquake activity, as well as the temporal, spatial, and compositional evolution of volcanism as reflected in the deposition of tephra layers. The sediments host organic matter from different sources and hence composition, which will be unravelled using biomarkers. Pathways for migration of continental and mantle-derived noble gases will be analyzed in pore waters. Preliminary 40Ar/39Ar single crystal dating of tephra layers and pollen analyses suggest that the Ahlat Ridge record encompasses more than half a million years of paleoclimate and volcanic/geodynamic history, providing the longest continental record in the entire Near East to date.
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 7
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    In:  [Poster] In: International Geological Congress, 06.08.-14.08, Oslo, Norway .
    Publication Date: 2012-02-23
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2012-02-23
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 9
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    In:  [Poster] In: IAVCEI International Meeting 2008, 18.-22.08.2008, Reykjavik, Iceland .
    Publication Date: 2019-09-23
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2016-09-19
    Description: This paper reviews major results of the recent German research priority program “Changes of the geo-biosphere during the last 15,000 years”, a contribution to PAGES focussing on changes of the geo-biosphere during the Weichselian Lateglacial. Different continental archives such as annually laminated lacustrine sediments, floodplain sediments, and speleothems were used to reconstruct environmental response to climatic changes and the Laacher See eruption event at ca 12,900 cal BP. Special emphasis is paid to establish a reliable time control using varve counting, high-precision radiocarbon dating of tree-ring series, and AMS radiocarbon dating of terrestrial plant macrofossils recovered from lacustrine sediments to correlate and synchronize large-scale environmental changes and events in central Europe.
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