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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore :Springer Singapore Pte. Limited,
    Keywords: Drug resistance in microorganisms. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (187 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789811398797
    DDC: 616.9041
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- About the Authors -- 1: Era of Antibiotic Discovery -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Horrible Medical History -- 1.3 Bloodletting and Cupping Techniques of Ancient Medicine -- 1.4 Vague Chemotherapeutics of Ancient Medicine -- 1.5 Glimpse of First World War -- 1.6 Foundation of Modern Medical Practices -- 1.7 World War II and Implementation of Antibiotic in the Modern Medicine -- 1.8 Discovery of Antibiotic and Its Role in Combating Pathogens -- 1.9 Supremacy of Bacterial Pathogens over Mankind -- References -- 2: Emergence of Antibiotic-Resistant Microbes Immediately After the Discovery of Antibiotics -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Challenging History: When Microbes Introduced Us with Their Supremacy -- 2.3 Emergence and Dissemination of Vector-Borne Disease -- 2.4 Penicillin's Working Mechanism and Emergence of Penicillin-Resistant Bacteria -- 2.5 Emergence of Penicillin-Resistant Bacteria -- 2.6 Emergence of Resistance in Bacteria to Different Classes of Antibiotics -- 2.7 Introduction of Polypeptides in Modern Clinical Practices -- 2.8 Popularity of Aminoglycosides -- 2.9 Tetracyclines -- 2.10 Amphenicols -- 2.11 Lipopeptides -- 2.12 Macrolides -- 2.13 Oxazolidinones -- 2.14 Glycopeptides -- 2.15 Streptogramins -- 2.16 Ansamycins -- 2.17 Quinolones -- 2.18 Lincosamides -- References -- 3: Advance Class of Antibiotics of the Twenty-First Century -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Evolution of Microbes from Nonpathogenic to Pathogenic -- 3.3 Pathogens Dynamicity and Versatility -- 3.4 Need for the Discovery of Twenty-First-Century Antibiotic -- 3.5 Cephalosporins -- 3.6 Bedaquiline -- 3.7 Linezolid -- 3.8 Nitazoxanide -- 3.9 Carbapenems -- 3.10 Old Drugs with Advance Version -- 3.11 New β-Lactam Antibiotics -- References. , 4: Antibiotic Resistance: Role and Pattern in Different Class of Bacteria -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Antibiotic Resistance Pattern in Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria and Various Modes of Action of Antibiotics for Intervention with Bacterial Cell Membrane -- 4.2.1 Intervention with Peptidoglycan -- 4.2.2 Intervention with Teichoic Acids -- 4.2.3 Intervention with Lipopolysaccharides -- 4.2.4 Intervention with Phospholipids -- References -- 5: Effect of Drug-Resistant Bacteria on Agriculture, Livestock, and Environment -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Sources of Antibiotics in Environment and Agricultural Land -- 5.3 Persistent Nature of Antibiotics in the Soil and Environment and Their Influence on the Soil Microbial Population -- 5.4 Effects of Antibiotics on Livestocks and Agriculture -- References -- 6: Intrinsic Antibiotic Resistance Mechanism in Bacteria -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Alteration of Outer Membrane Permeability -- 6.3 Outer Membrane Vesicles for Antibiotic Resistance -- 6.4 Role of Efflux Pumps in Drug Resistance -- 6.5 Role of Small Multidrug Resistance (SMR) Transporters -- 6.6 Role of Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS) Transporter -- 6.7 Drug Resistance by Multi-antimicrobial Extrusion (MATE) Transporter of Bacteria -- 6.8 ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) Transporter -- 6.9 RND Transporter -- 6.10 Proteobacterial Antimicrobial Compound Efflux (PACE) Transporters -- References -- 7: Extrinsic Antibiotic-Resistant Mechanism in Bacteria -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Targeting Gene Transfer -- 7.3 Horizontal Gene Transfer -- 7.3.1 Transformation -- 7.3.2 Conjugation -- 7.4 Homologous Recombination -- 7.5 Integrons -- 7.6 Site-Specific Recombination -- 7.7 Targeting SOS Response -- 7.8 Emergence of Antibiotic Resistance Through Mutation -- 7.9 Mobile DNA -- 7.10 Plasmids -- 7.11 Conjugative Transposons. , 7.12 Gene Cassettes -- 7.13 ISCR-Promoted Gene Mobilization -- References -- 8: Chemical-Mediated Alteration of Antibiotics -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance -- 8.3 Modifications of the Antibiotic Molecule -- 8.4 Chemical Alterations of the Antibiotic -- 8.4.1 Alteration Through Aminoglycoside-Modifying Enzymes (AMEs) -- 8.4.2 Aminoglycosides -- 8.4.3 Aminoglycoside-Modifying Enzymes -- 8.4.4 Mechanisms of Resistance -- 8.5 Destruction of the Antibiotic Molecule -- 8.5.1 β-Lactams -- 8.5.2 Mode of Action of β-Lactamases -- References -- 9: Collapse of Antibiotic Resistance with the Help of Genetic Approaches -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Molecular Strategy for the Control of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria -- 9.3 What Is CRISPR? -- 9.4 Discovery of CRISPR Function -- 9.5 What Does CRISPR/Cas System Contain? -- 9.6 Implementation of CRISPR/Cas Triumph over Antibiotic Resistance -- 9.7 Overcoming Resistance -- 9.8 Mechanism of CRISPR/Cas9 System in the Reversal of Drug Resistance -- References -- 10: Nanotechnology: A Twenty-First-Century Approach Towards the Control of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Irreplaceable Properties of Nanomaterials -- 10.3 Electrical Properties of Nanomaterials -- 10.4 Mechanical Properties -- 10.5 Classification of Nanomaterials -- 10.6 Importance of Nanomaterials in Medical Field -- 10.7 Biodetection of Pathogens -- 10.8 Probing of DNA Structure -- 10.9 Nanomaterial as Therapeutics Against Bacterial Infection -- 10.10 Mechanisms of Nanomaterials for Combating Drug Resistance -- 10.10.1 Interaction with Cell Wall -- 10.10.2 Nanomaterial-Mediated Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species -- 10.10.3 Disruption of Cell Membrane -- 10.10.4 Intrusion of Electron Transportation -- 10.10.5 Alteration in Membrane Permeability. , 10.10.6 Penetration of the Cell Envelope and Ribosome Destabilization -- References -- 11: Bacteriophage: A New Hope for the Control of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Properties of Bacteriophages -- 11.3 History of Phage Therapy -- 11.4 Conflicts Headed on Phage Therapy -- 11.5 Why Did Medical Researcher Hunt for Phages? -- 11.6 Implementation of Phage Therapy in Medical Practices -- 11.7 FDA-Approved Phage Therapies for Mitigation of Human Infection -- 11.8 Limitation of Phage Therapies -- References -- 12: CRISPR: Their Role in Reversal of Drug Resistance and Future Prospect and Scenario -- 12.1 Why CRISPR? -- 12.2 Voyage and Destiny of a Precise Molecular Tool -- 12.3 Type I CRISPR/Cas System -- 12.4 Type II CRISPR/Cas System -- 12.5 Type III CRISPR/Cas System -- 12.6 Type IV CRISPR/Cas System -- 12.7 Type V CRISPR/Cas System -- 12.8 Type VI CRISPR/Cas System -- 12.9 Working Mechanism of CRISPR Systems -- 12.10 Implementation of CRISPR/Cas System as Resensitizing Molecular Tool -- References -- Correction to: Chemical-Mediated Alteration of Antibiotics.
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore :Springer Singapore Pte. Limited,
    Keywords: Soft computing-Congresses. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (929 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789811998584
    Series Statement: Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems Series ; v.627
    DDC: 006.3
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore :Springer Singapore Pte. Limited,
    Keywords: Computational intelligence. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (202 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789811580451
    Series Statement: Algorithms for Intelligent Systems Series
    DDC: 006.3
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Editors and Contributors -- Improving Transient Response of Cuk Converters Using Artificial Neural Network Based Controller -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Implementation of the Proposed ANN-PID Controller -- 2.1 Architectures of ANN -- 3 Training Algorithms of ANN -- 4 Implementation of ANN-PID Controller -- 5 Results and Analysis -- 5.1 Analysis on Training Accuracy -- 5.2 Analysis on System Response for Different Conditions -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Global Best Guided Crow Search Algorithm for Optimization Problems -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Crow Search Algorithm (CSA) -- 3 Global Best Guided CSA (G-CSA) -- 4 Experimental Results -- 5 Conclusion and Future Work -- References -- Artificial Intelligent-Based Sliding Mode Controller for State Feedback Discrete-Time System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem Statement and System Description -- 3 Discretization of System -- 4 Sliding Mode Controller Design -- 5 Designing of Fuzzy Controller -- 5.1 Controller Rule i -- 6 Simulation Results -- 6.1 Designed Error Signal -- 6.2 Sliding Manifold -- 6.3 Stable Output Response by Fuzzy Controller -- 7 Conclusion -- References -- A Comparative Study of Four Genetic Algorithm-Based Crossover Operators for Solving Travelling Salesman Problem -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Crossover Operators -- 3.1 Random Cross Mapping Crossover (RCMX) [6] -- 3.2 Edge Recombination Crossover (ERX) [8] -- 3.3 Partially Mapped Crossover (PMX) [9] -- 3.4 Modified Cycle Crossover (CX2) [7] -- 4 Experimental Result -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Modified Eigen Permutation-Based Model Simplification of LTI Systems Using Evolutionary Algorithm -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem Formulation -- 3 Proposed Approach -- 3.1 Determination of ROM Denominator Polynomial -- 3.2 Determination of ROM Numerator Polynomial -- 4 Case Studies -- 5 Conclusion. , References -- A Mixed Approach for Model Reduction Using Differential Evolution and Eigen Permutation -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem Statement -- 3 Proposed Method -- 3.1 Computation of Denominator Polynomial -- 3.2 Computation of Numerator Polynomial -- 4 Numerical Examples -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Simulation Studies of Inverted Pendulum Based on VSC Using Whale Optimization Algorithm -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Model and Structure of the Cart-Inverted Pendulum -- 3 Whale Optimization Algorithm (WAO) -- 4 Variable Structure Controller Design for the Inverted Pendulum -- 4.1 The First Step with VSC Controller Only to Control the Angle of the Cart-Inverted Pendulum -- 4.2 The Second Step with VSC Design and a PID Controller to Control the Position of Cart-Inverted Pendulum -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Vision-Based Fault Detection and Parameter Identification for Flight Control Law Reconfiguration -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Fault Type-Vertical Tail Damage -- 3 Vision-Based Fault Detection-Methodology -- 3.1 Edge Detection Algorithm -- 4 Off-Line Fault Database Generation -- 4.1 Geometric Method -- 5 Mathematical Modelling of Damaged Aircraft -- 5.1 Estimation of Aerodynamic Derivatives -- 5.2 Parametrized Damaged Aircraft Model -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Development of Hardware-In-The-Loop Test Bench for Automation of After-Treatment Control Systems Tests -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 After-Treatment System -- 1.2 Tests -- 2 Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation -- 2.1 Manual Test Bench -- 2.2 Problem Statement -- 3 Automation of Hardware-in-the-Loop Tests -- 4 Results and Implementations -- 4.1 Manual Test Results -- 4.2 Automation Test Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Intelligent Control System for Water Pollutant Monitoring Using ANN and Fuzzy Logic -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Study Area -- 3 Methodology -- 3.1 Standard Parameters of Water. , 3.2 Water Parameters -- 3.3 Sensors Used for Determining Water Pollutants -- 3.4 Controller -- 3.5 Intelligent Controller -- 4 Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Design of Fractional-Order PID/PID Controller for Speed Control of DC Motor Using Harris Hawks Optimization -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Overview of Harris Hawks Optimization (HHO) Algorithm -- 2 Modeling of DC Motor -- 3 Fractional-Order PID Controller for DC Motor -- 4 HHO-Based Fractional PID Controller Design -- 4.1 Objective Function and Constraints -- 5 Results and Discussion -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Artificial Intelligence-Based Robust Sliding Mode Control Technique for Plant with Input Uncertainty -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem Statement and System Description -- 3 Discretization of System -- 4 Designing of Discrete Sliding Manifold -- 5 Fuzzy Logic Controller -- 6 Design of Proposed Fuzzy Logic Controller -- 7 Simulation Results -- 7.1 Stable Sliding Manifold -- 7.2 Discrete-Time Error Signal -- 7.3 Discrete-Time Derivative of Error Signal -- 7.4 Output Signal -- 8 Conclusion -- References -- Designing of Fractional-Order PI/PID Controller by Meta-heuristic Algorithm Using PSO for PEM Fuel Cell -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Model Description -- 2.1 Plant Model -- 2.2 PSO Algorithm -- 2.3 Fractional-Order Controller -- 2.4 Methodology -- 3 Simulation Results -- 4 Conclusion -- Reference -- Fuzzy Logic Theory-Based PI Controller Tuning for Improved Control of Liquid Level System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Description of the LLS with Conventional Controllers -- 3 Proposed Fuzzy Logic-Based PI Controller in Presence of the External Disturbance -- 4 Results and Analysis -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Modeling and Optimization of Surface Roughness in Machining of Brass Using Multi-linear Regression in Conjunction With Genetic Algorithm -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Experimentation. , 3 Multi-linear Regression Modeling -- 3.1 First-Order Regression Model -- 3.2 Second-Order Regression Model -- 3.3 Third-Order Regression Model -- 4 Optimization of Surface Roughness Using Genetic Algorithm -- 5 Results and Discussions -- 6 Conclusions -- References -- A Novel AUTOSAR-Compliant Approach to Develop Resolver as Complex Device Driver for Electric Vehicle Inverter -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Theory of Operation -- 2.1 Resolver -- 2.2 Multicore Microcontroller -- 2.3 Complex Driver Development -- 2.4 SPI -- 3 Methodology -- 4 Outcome -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Role of Power Electronics and Optimization Techniques in Renewable Energy Systems -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Renewable Energy Systems -- 2.1 Categorization of Renewable Energy Sources -- 3 Wind Energy and Photovoltaic Energy -- 3.1 Wind Energy -- 3.2 Photovoltaic Energy -- 4 Energy Storage Systems -- 4.1 Technologies -- 5 Optimization Techniques -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Rotor Resistance Estimation for Improved Performance of MRAS-Based Sensorless Speed Estimation of Induction Motor Drives -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Mathematical Model of MRAS Estimator -- 2.1 Effect of Rotor Resistance Variation -- 2.2 Rotor Resistance Computation -- 2.3 Results and Discussion -- 3 Conclusion -- Appendix -- Reference -- Simple PID Controller Design for Non-minimum Phase FOPTD and SOPTD Processes -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Present Method -- 3 Simulation Case Studies -- 3.1 Case Study 1 -- 3.2 Case Study 2 -- 4 Conclusions -- References.
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  • 4
    Keywords: Artificial intelligence-Congresses. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (334 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789813348622
    Series Statement: Algorithms for Intelligent Systems Series
    DDC: 004
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- About the Editors -- 1 Automated Energy Monitoring System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 System Explication -- 3 Measuring Parameters -- 4 Result -- 4.1 Analytical Output -- 4.2 Graphical Output -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 2 Object Detection and Pattern Analysis in an Autonomous Car -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 The Technologies of Today -- 1.2 Project Methodology -- 1.3 Features and Advantages -- 1.4 Limitations -- 2 Hardware and Software Requirement -- 2.1 Hardware Requirements -- 2.2 Software Requirements -- 3 Experimental Results -- 3.1 Object Detection -- 3.2 Lane Detection -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 3 A Review on Localization Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Components of Wireless Sensor Nodes -- 1.2 Factors Affecting Wireless Sensor Networks -- 1.3 Application of Wireless Sensor Networks -- 2 Related Works -- 3 Inferences Drawn -- 4 Conclusion and Future Scope -- References -- 4 Fast Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles by Initial Partitions Demand -- 1 Introduction -- 2 A Mathematical Model for Determining Number of Charging Stations -- 3 Proposed Algorithm -- 4 Case Study -- 5 Results and Discussions -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 5 Natural Language Text to RDF Schema Conversion and OWL Mapping for an e-Recruitment Domain -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Methodology -- 3.1 Ontology Conversion Module -- 3.1.1 Text into RDF Schema -- 3.1.2 RDF Schema to OWL Mapping -- 4 Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 6 CNC Turning Process Parameters Optimization for Stainless Steel -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Experimentation -- 3 Optimization and Result Analysis -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 7 Advanced Automatic Controller Design for Water Distribution System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem and Discussions -- 3 Proportional Integrator PI Controller Modeling. , 4 Controller Result with Load Variation and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion and Future Scopes -- References -- 8 eChain: Leveraging Toward Blockchain Technology for Smart Energy Utilization -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Analysis of Existing Work -- 4 Proposed Architecture and Application -- 5 Discussion -- 6 Conclusion and Future Scope -- References -- 9 The Application of Surface Electromyogram Signal in Design of Artificial Limb: A Review -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Methodology -- 2.1 Data Acquisition System -- 2.2 Feature Extraction -- 2.3 Pattern Recognition -- 3 Conclusion -- References -- 10 Spectrum Sensing Using Frequency Domain Entropy Estimation on RTL-SDR-Based Platform -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio -- 2.1 Energy Detection Spectrum Sensing -- 2.2 Frequency Domain Entropy-Based Spectrum Sensing -- 3 Experiment Setup and Software Model -- 4 Results and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 11 Model Order Reduction of Fixed Coefficient System Using Genetic Algorithm -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem Statement -- 2.1 Pole Clustering and Pade Approximation Technique -- 2.1.1 Denominator Polynomial Estimation -- 2.1.2 Numerator Polynomial Estimation -- 2.2 Description of Differentiation Technique and Routh Stability Criterion -- 2.2.1 Algorithm for Differentiation Method (for Denominator Coefficients) -- 2.2.2 Algorithm for Routh Array Method (for Numerator Coefficients) -- 2.3 Genetic Algorithm (GA) -- 3 Numerical Section -- 3.1 Order Reduction Using Pole Clustering and Pade Approximation Technique -- 3.2 Order Reduction Using Differentiation Technique and Routh Stability Criterion -- 3.3 Order Reduction Using Genetic Algorithm -- 3.4 Order Reduction Using Balanced Truncation Algorithm -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 12 Performance Analysis of Millimetre Wave Antenna Arrays for 5G Cellular Applications. , 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Antenna Arrays -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Model Description -- 4 Modelling and Analysis -- 5 Numerical Illustrations -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 13 Performance Analysis of SDN-Based Crowdsourcing Cloud Architecture -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Model Introduction -- 3 Numerical Illustration -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 14 Voting-Based Ensemble of Classifiers for Air Quality Prediction -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Proposed Approach -- 2.1 Data Collection -- 2.2 Pre-processing -- 3 Machine Learning Approaches for Air Quality Prediction -- 3.1 Support Vector Machine (SVM) -- 3.2 K-Nearest Neighbour (K-NN) by Euclidean Distance -- 3.3 Logistic Regression -- 3.4 Decision Tree -- 3.5 Ensemble Technique -- 4 Performance Metrics Used for Prediction -- 5 Experimental Results and Discussions -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 15 Automated Health Diagnostic System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Proposed System -- 3.1 Wearable System -- 3.2 Survey-Based System -- 4 System Description -- 4.1 Pedometer -- 4.2 Body Temperature -- 4.3 ECG Sensor -- 4.4 Naïve Bayes -- 4.5 Random Forest -- 4.6 Decision Tree -- 5 Measured Results -- 5.1 Pedometer -- 5.2 ECG Sensor -- 5.3 Body Temperature and Pulse Oximeter -- 5.4 Survey-Based System -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 16 Proof-of-Equality: Fairness Ensured Consensus Mechanism for Blockchain Technology -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Blockchain Technology -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Proposed Methodology -- 3.1 Consensus Mechanism -- 3.2 Transaction Verification -- 3.3 Block Verification -- 4 Experimental Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 17 Eyephone-Eye Tracking Application for Digital Devices -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Proposed System -- 3 System Design -- 3.1 Face Recognition -- 3.2 Relative Eye Detection -- 3.3 Relative Gaze Detection and Tracking -- 3.4 Noise Correction -- 3.5 Operation Activation. , 4 Algorithms Used -- 4.1 Face Detection, Relative Eye Detection -- 4.2 Gaze Tracking -- 5 Related Work -- 6 Result -- 7 Conclusion -- References -- 18 Issues and Challenges in Various Sensor-Based Modalities in Human Activity Recognition System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 2.1 Wearable Sensor-Based HAR (WSHAR) -- 2.2 Ambient Sensor-Based Human Activity Recognition (ASHAR) -- 2.3 Camera Sensor-Based HAR (CSHAR) -- 2.4 Hybrid Sensor-Based HAR (HSHAR) -- 3 Discussion and Conclusion -- References -- 19 OneTouch-The Worker's App -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Proposed Solution -- 3.1 User/Worker Login -- 3.2 Listing of Workers -- 3.3 Dynamic Pricing -- 3.4 Booking a Worker -- 3.5 Location of User and Worker -- 3.6 QR Generation and Payment -- 3.7 Analysis of Ratings and Feedback -- 4 Implementation Details -- 5 Experimental Result -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 20 Modeling Resource Allocation in Pervasive Edge-IoT Applications -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Literature Survey -- 3 Pervasive Edge-IoT System -- 4 Resource Allocation in Pervasive Edge-IoT System -- 4.1 Mathematical Modelling -- 4.1.1 Preference Model -- 4.1.2 Cost Model -- 4.1.3 Resource Allocation Model -- 5 Experimental Analysis -- 6 Conclusions -- References -- 21 Predicting Material Stability Using Machine Learning -- 1 Introduction -- 2 About the Database -- 2.1 Data Preprocessing -- 3 Applying Machine Learning Algorithms -- 4 Discussion -- References -- 22 Suspicious Activity Detection for Security Cameras -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Methodology -- 3 Experimentation and Results -- 4 Conclusions -- References -- 23 Artificial Intelligence for Low Level Suspicious Activity Detection -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Object Detection -- 3 Proposed Model -- 3.1 Frame Extraction -- 3.2 Suspicious Activity Detection -- 3.3 Object Tracking -- 4 Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References. , 24 Outlier Detection Using One-Class Classification -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work on Outlier Detection -- 3 Proposed Method -- 3.1 Neural Network -- 3.2 Support Vector Data Description -- 3.3 Dataset -- 4 Experimental Results -- 5 Discussion -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 25 Optimization for Sand Casting of SG Iron -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Experimentation -- 3 Optimization and Analysis -- 4 Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- 26 Real-Time Barcode Detection from Streamlined Video from a Drone -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Proposed Method -- 3.1 Dataset -- 4 Experimental Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 27 Recommender Systems for University Elective Course Recommendation -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 3 Proposed System -- 3.1 Make Clusters -- 3.2 Find Similar Students -- 3.3 Rulemining for Courses -- 3.4 Recommendation of Courses -- 4 Implementation and Result Analysis -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 28 Lane and Obstacle Detection System Based on Single Camera-Based Stereo Vision System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Review of Previous Works -- 3 System Description -- 4 Lane and Obstacle Detection -- 5 Experiment and Result -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 29 Camera Handoff for Multi-camera Surveillance -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Proposed Method -- 2.1 Object Detection -- 2.2 Object Tracking and Camera Handoff -- 3 Results -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 30 Eye Gaze Tracking and Blinking Detection -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Related Work -- 2.1 Eye Gaze Detection and Tracking Method -- 2.2 Driver Monitoring Systems -- 2.3 Eye Blink Detection -- 3 Proposed Method -- 3.1 Face Detection from the Captured Frames -- 3.2 Facial Landmarks -- 3.3 Eye Region Localization -- 3.4 Blinking Detection -- 3.5 Eye Gaze Detection -- 4 Results and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion and Future Scope -- References. , 31 Embedding Intelligence in Smart Internet of Things at Device Level.
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    San Diego :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Machine learning. ; Regenerative medicine. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (568 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780443132216
    DDC: 006.31
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Computational Biology for Stem Cell Research -- Computational Biology for Stem Cell Research -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Abbreviations -- List of figures -- List of tables -- Contributors -- Biographies -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- I - In silico tools and approaches in stem cell biology -- 1 - Advancement of in silico tools for stem cell research -- 1. Introduction -- 2. In silico tools and approaches -- 2.1 SCENT: Single-Cell Entropy -- 2.2 FateID -- 2.3 hscScore -- 2.4 StemID -- 2.5 Spectre -- 2.6 TransSynW -- 2.7 NETISCE: NETwork-drIven analysiS of CEllular reprogramming -- 2.8 SCENIC: single-cell regulatory network inference and clustering -- 2.9 ESC-T: ESC-Track -- 2.10 DeepNEU -- 2.11 IRENE: Integrative gene REgulatory NEtwork -- 2.12 StemChecker -- 3. Conclusion and future prospects -- References -- 2 - Paradigm shift in stem cell research with computational tools, techniques, and databases -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Early embryonic development and potency -- 1.2 Characteristics of stem cells -- 1.3 Need to study stem cells -- 2. Big data in stem cell research -- 2.1 Genomics -- 2.2 Transcriptomics -- 2.3 Proteomics -- 2.4 Epigenomics -- 3. Computational methods for effective analyses of high-throughput stem cells data -- 3.1 Clustering methods -- 3.2 Machine learning approach -- 3.3 Network-based approach -- 4. Computational resources for stem cell data analysis -- 5. Cancer stem cells -- 6. Conclusion -- References -- 3 - Stem cell informatics: Web resources aiding in stem cell research -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Discussion -- 3. Conclusion -- References -- 4 - Stem cell based informatics development and approaches -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Applications of stem cells: a promise to behold -- 3. Expanding horizons of omics and advent of informatics -- 4. Network biology and stem cell informatics. , 5. Recent developments in stem cell informatics -- 6. Future of the stem cell informatics -- References -- 5 - Exploring imaging technologies and computational resources in stem cell research for regenerative medicine: A c ... -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Ideal requisite for molecular imaging -- 3. Imaging strategies employed in regenerative medicine -- 3.1 Direct iron particle labeling -- 3.1.1 Magnetoporation -- 3.1.2 Magnetoelectroporation -- 3.2 Clinical implication of direct iron particle labeling -- 4. Imaging methods using nuclear medicine -- 4.1 Direct imaging -- 4.2 Indirect imaging -- 4.2.1 Receptor-based gene imaging -- 4.2.2 Transporter-based reporter gene imaging system -- 4.2.3 Optical imaging -- 4.2.4 Applications for optical imaging methods -- 4.3 Other imaging methods -- 4.3.1 Ultrasound -- 4.3.2 Intravital microscopy for live cell imaging -- 4.3.3 Microcomputed tomography -- 4.3.4 Computed tomography -- 4.3.5 Optical coherence tomography -- 4.3.6 Microcirculation imaging -- 5. Software programs used in stem cell research -- 6. Current challenges in regenerative medicine imaging -- 7. Artificial intelligence in stem cell imaging -- 8. Future of stem cell imaging with artificial intelligence -- 8.1 Computational requirements and artificial intelligence software programs in stem cell biology -- 9. Conclusion -- References -- Further reading -- 6 - Application of machine learning-based approaches in stem cell research -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Types of stem cells and their therapeutic applications -- 2.1 Embryonic stem cell therapy -- 2.2 Induced pluripotent stem cell therapy -- 2.3 Induced tissue-specific stem cell therapy -- 2.4 Fetal stem cell and adipose tissue-derived stem cell therapy -- 2.5 Hematopoietic stem cell therapy -- 2.6 Mesenchymal stem cell therapy -- 3. Overview of machine learning-based model building. , 3.1 Machine learning algorithms -- 3.2 Deep learning algorithms -- 3.3 Model building and model evaluation metrics -- 4. Applications of machine learning in stem cell-based therapies -- 5. Applications of deep learning in stem cell-based therapies -- 6. Evolution of nature-inspired computing and its applications in stem cell-based therapies -- 7. Conclusion and future aspects -- References -- 7 - Stem cell therapy in the era of machine learning -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Current state of stem cell therapies -- 3. Machine learning applications in different biological and medicine fields -- 4. Current trends in machine learning-based stem cell therapy -- 5. Conclusion and future prospects -- References -- 8 - Computational and stem cell biology: Challenges and future perspectives -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Current challenges and contests: Crossing hurdles in stem cell and computational biology -- 3. Disease modeling and computational biology: Current challenges -- 4. Differentiating stem cells, desired cell types, and organoids: Challenges and future aspects -- 5. Future prospective and outlook -- 6. Conclusion -- References -- II - Application of genomic and proteomic approaches in stem cell research -- 9 - Single-cell transcriptome profiling in unraveling distinct molecular signatures from cancer stem cells -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Cancer stem cells -- 3. Single-cell transcriptomics -- 3.1 Databases for storing scRNA-seq raw data -- 3.1.1 CancerSEA -- 3.1.2 Cancer single-cell expression map -- 4. Single-cell data analysis workflow -- 5. Single-cell studies on detecting distinct molecular signature in cancer -- 6. Future perspectives -- References -- 10 - The single-cell big data analytics: A game changer in bioscience -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Techniques for producing single-cell big data in revolutionizing regenerative medicine healthcare. , 2.1 Single-cell RNA sequencing -- 2.2 Advancements in single-cell ATAC-seq for profiling chromatin accessibility -- 2.3 Single-cell bisulfite sequencing -- 2.4 Fluorescence-activated cell sorting and flow cytometry in stem cell research and analysis -- 3. Unlocking the potential of stem cells through single-cell data analysis -- 4. The promising future of single-cell data in advancing stem cell biology research -- 4.1 Improved understanding of stem cell behavior -- 4.2 Development of new therapies -- 4.3 Better understanding of disease states -- 4.4 Improved tissue engineering -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- 11 - Unravelling the genomics and proteomics aspects of the stemness phenotype in stem cells -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Genomic and proteomic aspects to understand stem cell phenotype -- 2.1 Genomic platform to characterize SCs phenotype -- 2.2 Proteomic platform to characterize stem cell phenotype -- 3. Mechanistic insights into the stemness phenotype of stem cells through genomic and proteomic platform -- 3.1 Molecular signatures of stemness in embryonic stem cells through genomics -- 3.2 Molecular signatures of stemness in embryonic stem cells through proteomics -- 4. Conclusion -- References -- 12 - Cutting-edge proteogenomics approaches to analyze stem cells at the therapeutic level -- 1. Stem cell characterization -- 1.1 Genetic approaches -- 1.1.1 Karyotyping -- 1.1.2 Fluorescence in situ hybridization -- 1.1.3 Comparative genomic hybridization -- 1.1.4 Single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis -- 1.1.5 Epigenetic profiling -- 1.1.6 Digital, RT, and qRT-PCR -- 1.1.7 Next-generation sequencing -- 1.2 Proteomic approaches -- 1.2.1 Flow cytometry -- 1.2.1.1 Immunocyto- and histochemistry -- 1.2.2 ELISA and DELFIA assays -- 1.2.3 Western blotting -- 1.2.4 Mass spectrometry-based proteomic biomarker analysis. , 1.2.5 CyTOF or mass cytometry analysis -- 1.3 Artificial intelligence -- 2. Conclusion -- References -- 13 - Cheminformatics, metabolomics, and stem cell tissue engineering: A transformative insight -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Computational tools and stem cell biology -- 3. Computational approaches, genomics and proteomics -- 4. Cheminformatics, tissue engineering, and stem cell research -- 5. Metabolomics data acquisition and preprocessing -- 6. Manipulation of stem cells and tissue regeneration -- 7. Stem cell microenvironment and cardiac tissue regeneration: engineered approaches -- 8. Future prospective and present outlook -- 9. Conclusion -- References -- 14 - Advances in regenerative medicines based on mesenchymal stem cell secretome -- 1. Introduction -- 2. MSC-Secretome: conditioned media from mesenchymal stem cells and exosomes -- 3. Effector biological functions of MSC-Secretome and their applications -- 3.1 Immunomodulation -- 3.2 Antiapoptotic function -- 3.3 Neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects -- 3.4 Wound healing and tissue repair -- 3.5 Regulation of angiogenesis -- 3.6 Antitumor and antimicrobial effects -- 4. Clinical studies with secretome from mesenchymal stem cells -- 5. Applications of computational tools in stem cell-based therapies -- 6. Conclusion -- References -- 15 - Paradigms of omics in bioinformatics for accelerating current trends and prospects of stem cell research -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A brief overview of current therapeutic uses of stem cell treatment -- 3. Characterization of stem cells using OMICS -- 4. Transcriptomic and proteomic methods in stem cell characterization -- 5. Multiomics collaboration -- 6. Potency, omics approaches, and knowledge of the mechanism of action -- 7. Importance of computational modeling in stem cell research -- 8. Research on stem cells: applications of several modeling types. , 9. Bioinformatics in stem cell research.
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  • 6
    Keywords: Artificial intelligence-Engineering applications. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (922 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789813346048
    Series Statement: Algorithms for Intelligent Systems Series
    DDC: 620.0028563
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- About the Editors -- 1 Application of Supervised Learning for Voltage Stability Assessment -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Two-Bus Equivalent Pi Network -- 3 Global Voltage Stability Analysis of Multi-Bus Power System -- 4 Computational Procedure -- 4.1 RBF Neural Network Architecture -- 5 Simulation Result -- 5.1 For IEEE 14 Test Bus System -- 5.2 Case Study of IEEE 30 Test Bus System -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 2 Breast DCE-MRI Segmentation for Lesion Detection Using Clustering with Fireworks Algorithm -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Background -- 1.2 Related Works -- 1.3 Objectives -- 1.4 Organization of This Paper -- 2 Materials and Methods -- 2.1 DCE-MRI Dataset -- 2.2 Proposed Method -- 2.3 Preprocessing -- 2.4 Segmentation Using Clustering with FWA -- 2.5 Objective Function -- 2.6 Postprocessing -- 3 Experimental Setup -- 3.1 Parameters Settings -- 3.2 Termination Criteria -- 3.3 PC Configuration -- 4 Results and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 3 Swarm Programming Using Moth-Flame Optimization and Whale Optimization Algorithms -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Materials and Methods -- 3 Experimental Setup -- 3.1 Benchmark Problems -- 3.2 Parameters Settings -- 3.3 PC Configuration -- 4 Results and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 4 Nonlinear Regression Analysis Using Multi-verse Optimizer -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Organization of This Paper -- 2 Materials and Methods -- 2.1 Regression Analysis -- 2.2 MVO Algorithm -- 2.3 Regression Analysis Using MVO -- 3 Experimental Setup -- 3.1 Regression Model and Dataset Description -- 3.2 Parameters Setting -- 3.3 PC Configuration -- 4 Results and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 5 An Extended ACO Based Routing Algorithm for Cognitive Radio Network -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Ant Colony System -- 1.2 State Transaction Phases with ACS: -- 2 Network Model. , 3 Routing Metrics -- 4 Routing Algorithm -- 5 Proposed Algorithm -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 6 A Review: Image Classification and Object Detection with Deep Learning -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Various Successful Models in Computer Vision -- 2.1 Deep CNN -- 2.2 Maxout Network -- 2.3 Network in Network -- 2.4 OverFeat -- 2.5 R-CNN -- 2.6 Deeper ConvNets -- 2.7 Deep ConvNets with Hashing -- 2.8 Inception -- 2.9 Residual Learning in Deep Networks -- 2.10 Inception-V4, Inception-ResNet -- 2.11 Deep Learning in Medical Field -- 2.12 Deconvolutional Network -- 2.13 Architecture of Deconvnet -- 3 Analysis -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 7 Kidney Lesion Segmentation in MRI Using Clustering with Salp Swarm Algorithm -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Materials and Methods -- 2.1 DCE-MRI Dataset -- 2.2 Proposed Method -- 2.3 Preprocessing -- 2.4 Segmentation Using Clustering with SSA -- 2.5 Objective Function -- 2.6 Postprocessing -- 3 Experimental Setup -- 3.1 Parameters Settings -- 3.2 PC Configuration -- 4 Results and Discussion -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 8 Smart Approach to Optical Character Recognition and Ubiquitous Speech Synthesis Using Real-Time Deep Learning Algorithms -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Literature Review -- 3 Proposed Model -- 3.1 Implementation of Deep Learning Model for Text Recognition -- 3.2 Speech Synthesis with WaveNet API -- 3.3 Architectural Design -- 3.4 Flow of the System -- 4 Implementation and Testing -- 5 Experimental Results -- 5.1 Results -- 5.2 Accuracy and Loss of Proposed Model -- 6 Conclusion and Future Scopes -- References -- 9 Sine Cosine Algorithm with Centroid Opposition-Based Computation -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Sine Cosine Algorithm -- 3 Centroid Opposition-Based SCA -- 3.1 Concept of OBL -- 3.2 Concept of COBC -- 3.3 Proposed COBSCA -- 4 Experimental Setup -- 4.1 Benchmark Functions -- 4.2 Parameter Settings. , 4.3 Termination Criteria -- 4.4 PC Configuration -- 5 Conclusion and Future Works -- References -- 10 Data Mining Techniques for Fraud Detection-Credit Card Frauds -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Literature Survey -- 2 Methodology -- 2.1 Logistic Regression -- 3 Statistical and Experimental Results -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 11 Performance Evaluation of β Chaotic Map Enabled Grey Wolf Optimizer on Protein Structure Prediction -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Protein Structure Prediction: An Optimization Approach -- 3 Grey Wolf Optimizer and Its Variants -- 3.1 Encircling the Prey -- 3.2 Hunting the Prey -- 3.3 Attacking Prey -- 3.4 Development Steps of β-GWO -- 3.5 Participating Variants of GWO -- 4 Simulation Results and Analysis -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 12 Transmission Expansion Planning Using Teaching and Learning Based Optimization Approach -- 1 Introduction -- 2 TEP Solution Methods -- 2.1 Mathematical Solution Techniques -- 2.2 Meta-Heuristic Solution Technique -- 3 Mathematical Representation of TEP Problem -- 4 Teaching Learning Based Optimization Algorithm (TLBO) -- 4.1 Teaching Phase -- 4.2 Learning Phase -- 5 Simulation Results and Analysis -- 5.1 Graver's 6-Bus System -- 5.2 Brazilian 46-Bus System -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 13 Harmonic Estimator Design Using Teaching Learning Based Optimization -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Problem Formulation of Harmonic Estimation in Power System -- 3 Overview of TLBO Algorithm -- 3.1 Teaching Phase -- 3.2 Learning Phase -- 4 Case Studies for Harmonic Estimator Design -- 4.1 Case 1 Design Problem -- 4.2 Case 2 Design Problem -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 14 Real-Time Frame-to-Frame Jitter Removing Video Stabilization Technique -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Litrature Survey -- 3 Proposed Methodology -- 4 Experimental Setup and Results -- 5 Conclusion -- References. , 15 A Review of Nature-Inspired Routing Algorithms for Flying Ad Hoc Networks -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Literature Review -- 3 Nature Inspired Algorithms for FANET -- 4 Discussion -- 4.1 Applications of NIA -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 16 Performance Analysis of Different Machine Learning Classifiers in Detection of Parkinson's Disease from Hand-Drawn Images Using Histogram of Oriented Gradients -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Database Description -- 3 Proposed Methodology -- 3.1 Histogram of Oriented Gradients Features -- 3.2 Various Machine Learning Classifiers -- 4 Experimental Work and Result Analysis -- 4.1 Performance Analysis Using Dataset 1 -- 4.2 Performance Analysis Using Dataset 2 -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- 17 Coal Mine Monitoring Smart Rover Using LabVIEW and Wireless Sensor Network -- 1 Introduction -- 2 System Description -- 2.1 Rover Structure -- 2.2 Sensor Unit -- 2.3 Microcontroller Unit -- 2.4 Bluetooth Module -- 3 Working Principle -- 4 Experimental Analysis -- 4.1 Monitoring of Data Using LabVIEW -- 4.2 Android Platform -- 5 Hardware Implementation -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 18 A Survey on Spatiotemporal Co-occurrence Pattern Mining Techniques -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Spatiotemporal Data -- 2.1 Event Data -- 2.2 Trajectory -- 2.3 Point Reference Data -- 2.4 Raster Data -- 2.5 Evolving Data -- 2.6 Data Type Conversion -- 3 Spatiotemporal Co-occurrence Pattern Mining (STCOP Mining) -- 3.1 Divide and Conquer -- 3.2 Coupling -- 4 Unordered STCOP -- 4.1 Divide and Conquer -- 4.2 Coupling -- 5 Ordered STCOP -- 6 Partially Ordered STCOP -- 7 Conclusion -- References -- 19 The Classification and Comparative Study of Real-Time Task Scheduling Algorithms Based on Various Parameters -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Literature Survey -- 3 Scheduling Algorithms -- 3.1 Classification of Scheduling Algorithms Based on Various Parameters. , 3.2 Real-Time Scheduling Approaches -- 4 Conclusion -- References -- 20 Behavioral Analysis Using Gamification and Data Visualization -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Literature Survey -- 3 Methodology -- 3.1 Hangman -- 3.2 Tic-Tac-Toe -- 3.3 Logical Reasoning Quiz -- 4 Data Set Visualization -- 4.1 Hangman -- 4.2 Tic-Tac-Toe -- 4.3 Logical Reasoning Quiz -- 5 Experimental Results -- 5.1 Hangman -- 5.2 Tic-Tac-Toe -- 5.3 Logical Reasoning Quiz -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- 21 Smart Agricultural Monitoring and Decision Support System -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Literature Survey -- 3 Proposed Model Statement -- 4 Proposed Model Architecture -- 5 System Description -- 5.1 Circuit Diagram of the Proposed Model -- 5.2 Working Principle of the Proposed Model -- 6 Brief Study on the Parameters Used -- 7 Experimental Results, Findings, and Its Discussion -- 8 Conclusion and Future Work -- References -- 22 Characterizing Shoulder Implants in X-Ray Images -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Contributions -- 1.2 Results -- 1.3 Outline -- 2 X-Ray Images of Shoulder Implants -- 3 Detecting, Orienting, and Isolating Implants -- 4 Feature Extraction -- 5 Classification by Manufacturer -- 6 Related Work -- 7 Conclusion -- References -- 23 Human-Understandable Classifiers for COPD from Biosensor Data -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Dielectric Biosensor Data -- 3 Classification -- 4 Rule-Based Classifiers -- 5 Evolutionary Fuzzy Classification -- 6 Related Work -- 7 Conclusion -- References -- 24 Dimensionality Prediction for Word Embeddings -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Contributions -- 2 Related Work -- 2.1 Neural Network Language Model -- 2.2 Skip-Gram Model with Negative Sampling (SGNS) -- 2.3 Continuous Bag-of-Words Model (CBOW) -- 2.4 GloVe -- 3 Proposed Method -- 3.1 Pre-processing -- 3.2 Feature Engineering -- 3.3 Optimal Dimensionality Prediction -- 3.4 Generating and Evaluating Word Embedding. , 4 Experimental Setup.
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Delhi :New India Publishing Agency,
    Keywords: Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (246 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789390083848
    Language: English
    Note: 9789385516436.cvr - Copy.pdf -- 9789385516436.txt.pdf -- 0.pdf -- Ch. 1.pdf -- Ch. 2.pdf -- Ch. 3.pdf -- Ch. 4.pdf -- Ch. 5.pdf -- Ch. 6.pdf -- Ch. 7.pdf -- Ch. 8.pdf -- Ch. 9.pdf -- Ch. 10.pdf -- Ch. 11.pdf -- Ch. 12.pdf -- Ch. 13.pdf -- Ch. 14.pdf -- Ch. 15.pdf -- Ch. 16.pdf -- Ch. 17.pdf -- Ch. 18.pdf -- 9789385516436.cvr.pdf.
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cham :Springer International Publishing AG,
    Keywords: Climatic changes. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (346 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9783030927820
    Series Statement: Springer Climate Series
    DDC: 363.738742095496
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Contributors -- Abbreviations -- 1 Climate Change, Its Impacts, and Sustainability Issues in the Indian Himalaya: An Introduction -- Introduction -- Material and Methods -- Indian Himalayas -- Emerging Climate Change Issues -- Air Temperature -- Precipitation -- Impacts of Climate Change -- Snow/Glaciers -- Hydrology -- Geo-Environmental Hazards -- Biodiversity -- Agriculture and Food Security -- Human Health -- Policies/Plans on Climate Change and Issues of Sustainability -- Scope of the Book -- References -- 2 Variability and Trends in Temperature, Rainfall, and Discharge in a Western Himalayan Catchment -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Materials and Methods -- Temperature, Rainfall and Discharge Data Collection -- Temperature, Rainfall and Discharge Data Analysis -- Analyses of Trends in Standardized Temperature, Rainfall, and Discharge -- Results and Discussion -- Trend Analysis of Temperature Time Series -- Trend Analysis of Rainfall Time Series -- Trends Detection of the Discharge Time Series -- Trend Analysis of Standardized Temperature, Rainfall, and Discharge Indices -- Conclusions -- References -- 3 Tree-Ring-Based Hydrological Records Reconstructions of the Himalayan Rivers: Challenges and Opportunities -- Introduction -- Early History of Tree Growth and Streamflow Relationship -- Hypothesis Regarding the Relationship Between Tree Growth and Streamflow -- Suitability of Tree and Site Selection -- Observational Data of Streamflow and Climate -- Tree-Ring Chronology Development -- Tree-Ring Data Standardization -- Models for Streamflow Reconstructions -- Method for Flood Reconstruction -- Results and Discussion -- Streamflow Reconstructions -- Flood Reconstruction from the Himalaya -- Limitations, Challenges of Dendrohydrology, and Future Roadmap for Water Resource Management. , Conclusions -- References -- 4 Hydroclimatic and Glacial Variabilities in the Himalayan and Tibetan Regions Since Last Glacial Maxima: A Synthesis -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Material and Methods -- The Trans-Himalaya -- The Northwest and Western Himalayas -- The Central Himalayas -- The Eastern Himalayas and Adjoining Area -- The Tibetan Plateau and Surrounding Areas -- Discussion -- Hydroclimate and Glacier Dynamics Since the Last Glacial Maxima in the Himalayas and Tibet -- Regional Hydroclimatic Variability and Mechanisms -- Conclusions -- References -- 5 Recession of Gaglu Glacier, Chandra Basin, Western Indian Himalaya -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Material and Methods -- Snout Retreat and Areal Loss of Glacier -- ELA Estimation and DEM Accuracy Assessment -- Error Estimation -- Brightness Temperature of Gaglu Glacier -- Analysis of the ERA-Interim Temperature Dataset -- Results and Discussion -- Snout Retreat and Area Vacated -- Equilibrium Line Altitude (ELA) Changes -- Brightness Temperature of Gaglu Glacier -- The ERA-Interim Temperature -- Conclusions -- References -- 6 Holocene Climate and Glacial Extents in the Gangotri Valley, Garhwal Himalaya, India: A Review -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Preview of Earlier Studies from the Gangotri Valley -- Past Extent of the Gangotri Glacier -- Palaeoclimatic Scenario of the Gangotri Area -- Study Sites in the Gangotri Valley -- Chronology of Sedimentary Sequences -- Vegetation vis-à-vis Climate Reconstruction -- Climate Versus Glacier Extent -- Pre-Holocene -- Holocene -- Correlation with Glacial Records from Other Valleys and Climate-Glacial Dynamics -- Inferences -- References -- 7 Flood Hazards in the Jhelum River Are Mainly Controlled by the Piggyback Thrusting of the Kashmir Basin and Less so by Factors like Climate Change and Urbanization -- Introduction -- Study Area. , Materials and Methods -- Results and Discussion -- Structural Control on the Formation of Jhelum River -- Geological and Geomorphic Setting of the Jhelum River -- Drainage Network, Pattern, and Topography -- Formation of the Kashmir Basin and the Drainage Reversal -- Longitudinal Profile and Knick Points -- Kashmir Piggyback Basin Development, Active Faulting, and Jhelum River -- Tectonic Subsidence, Flooding in the Kashmir Basin -- Conclusions -- References -- 8 Climate-Induced Glacier Retreats and Associated Hazards: Need for Robust Glaciers and Glacial Lake Management Policy in Sikkim Himalaya, India -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Status of Glaciological Studies in Sikkim Himalaya -- Potentially Vulnerable Glacial Lakes and the Threat of GLOFs -- Observed Climate and People Perceptions -- Climate Change Vulnerability, Adaptation, and Mitigation Programs -- Gaps and Challenges for Climate and Glaciers in Sikkim Himalaya -- Limited Instrumental Observatories -- Institutional Capacity Building -- Absence of Glacier Protection Laws (GPLs) and Glacial Lake Management Plan -- Climate Science and Media Reporting: Bridging the Gaps -- Need for Maintaining the Science and Policy Linkages -- Conclusions -- References -- 9 Trends in Observed Discharge (1963-2012) at Rampur Hydrological Station of Satluj River Basin, Western Indian Himalaya -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Hydroelectric Potential -- Materials and Methods -- Descriptive and Bivariate Statistics -- Trend Analysis -- Results -- Descriptive Statistics of River Discharge -- Variability in Annual and Seasonal Mean Discharge -- Trends in Annual River Discharge -- Trends in Seasonal River Discharge -- Trends in Accumulation and Ablation River Discharge -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- References -- 10 Climate Change and Its Impact on Forest of Indian Himalayan Region: A Review -- Introduction. , Study Area -- Materials and Methods -- Forest Ecosystems in IHR -- Results and Discussion -- Climate Change Evidence in the Indian Himalayas -- Climate Change Impact on Forest Ecosystems in the Indian Himalayas -- Climate Change Impact on Sal Forests -- Climate Change Impact on the Orchard -- Climate Change Impact on Phenology and Distribution of Plant Species -- Climate Change and Expansion of Alien Invasive Species -- Climate Change Impact on Wildlife Animal Species -- Conclusions -- References -- 11 Climate Change and Its Impact on Indian Himalayan Forests: Current Status and Research Needs -- Introduction -- Biodiversity of the IHR -- Key Drivers of Changes in the Biodiversity -- Forest Cover and Phenological Changes Owing to Climate Change -- Ecosystem 'Services' Response to Climate Change -- Climate Change Affects Alpine Tree Line and Range Shift of Species -- Future Research Needs for Addressing Climate Change-Related Issues -- Conclusions -- References -- 12 Assessment of Agroforestry Area and its Carbon Storage Potential Along Altitudes of Tehri Garhwal District, Uttarakhand, in North-Western Indian Himalaya -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Materials and Methods -- Assessment of Agroforestry Area -- Assessment of Carbon Stock -- Results and Discussion -- Area Assessment -- Carbon Stock Assessment -- Density Contribution by Tree Species in Agroforestry -- Total Carbon Stock Contribution by Trees in Agroforestry -- Carbon Stock Contribution by Crop in Agroforestry -- Conclusions -- References -- 13 Climate Change: Concerns and Influences on Biodiversity of the Indian Himalayas -- Introduction -- Indian Himalayan Region -- Climate Change -- Causes of Climate Change -- Global Warming and Greenhouse Effect -- Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Layer Depletion -- Deforestation and Climate Change -- Threats to Biodiversity. , Climate Change and Biodiversity -- Policies for Sustaining Himalayan Biodiversity -- NEP: Measures for the Conservation of Mountains (NEP 2006) -- NAPCC (NAPCC 2008) -- The National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE) -- NBAP (NBAP 2008) -- Conclusions -- References -- 14 Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Lockdown for Sustainable Northwestern Himalayan Region -- Introduction -- Study Area -- Materials and Methods -- Results and Discussion -- Reduction in AAI, NO2 and CO -- Reduction in Ground-Measured PM10 and NOx -- Conclusions -- References -- 15 Exploring Methodological Approaches for Climate Perception Studies in Himalaya -- Introduction -- Stages of Conducting a Survey -- Methodologies of Sample Collection -- Probability (Random) Sampling -- Simple Random Sampling -- Stratified Sampling -- Cluster Sampling -- Multistage Sampling -- Systematic Random Sampling -- Non-probability (Non-Random) Sampling -- Voluntary Sampling -- Convenience Sampling -- Other Non-probability Sampling Methods -- Discussion -- Data Analysis and Presentation -- Conclusions -- References -- 16 Climate Change-Related Governance and Policies in Indian Himalayas -- Introduction -- Impacts of Climate Change -- Climate Change Governance -- Global Climate Change Negotiations and Indian Governance -- Climate Change Policies and Institutions -- NAPCC (NAPCC 2008) -- NSM and NMEEE -- NMSH -- NWM -- GIM and NMSHE -- NMSA and NMSKCC -- SAPCC -- Indian Governance and Policies for Sustainability of Himalayas -- NMSHE -- G-SHE -- NMHS -- HADP -- IHCAP -- NAFCC -- CCAP -- International Initiatives -- Conclusions -- References.
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore : Springer Singapore
    Keywords: Engineering ; Biomedical Engineering/Biotechnology ; Engineering ; Biomedical engineering ; Microbiology ; Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Genetic engineering ; Biomedical engineering ; Microbiology ; Microbial genetics ; Microbial genomics ; Genetic engineering ; Nanotechnology. ; Glycolipids biosynthesis ; Surface-Active Agents ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa metabolism ; Biotechnology methods
    Description / Table of Contents: This book highlights the recent developments on rhamnolipid biosurfactant, its properties, role on the natural environment and various applications. Recently, it has shown promising application in Environment, Agriculture, food, petroleum, and pharmaceutical industries due to its environment-friendly and easily degradable nature. The book emphasizes on the various techniques that are utilized for the detection and isolation of rhamnolipid biosurfactant from microorganisms. It highlights the various aspects of the rhamnolipid biosurfactants including structural characteristics, production, and its application. The book presents the current knowledge and the latest advances in the function-based metagenomics strategies to facilitate the exploration of the novel biosurfactants
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 141 p. 46 illus., 35 illus. in color, online resource)
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Biomedical and Life Sciences
    ISBN: 9789811312892
    Series Statement: SpringerLink
    Language: English
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore : Springer
    Keywords: Drug Resistance ; Drug resistance ; Infectious diseases ; Bacteriology ; Pharmaceutical technology ; Drug Resistance, Bacterial ; Antibiotikum ; Arzneimittelresistenz
    Description / Table of Contents: Module 1_Emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria -- Module 2_Impact of antibiotic resistant bacteria on different field -- Module 3_Antibiotic resistance: Pattern and Mechanisms -- Module 4_Novel strategies for overcoming of antibiotic resistant mechanisms -- Module 5_Future Prospects
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (XVI, 179 Seiten) , Illustrationen, z.T. farbig
    Edition: 1st ed. 2019
    ISBN: 9789811398797
    Series Statement: Springer eBooks
    RVK:
    Language: English
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