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  • 1
    Keywords: Fossil Foraminiferida ; Foraminifera, Fossil ; Foraminiferen
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 593 S , zahlr. Ill., graph. Darst
    Edition: 2. ed.
    ISBN: 0745801536 , 0470212268
    Series Statement: British Micropalaeontological Society series
    DDC: 563'.12
    RVK:
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Bristol :Institute of Physics Publishing,
    Keywords: Electronic books.
    Description / Table of Contents: This book presents the state-of-the-art in radiation detection of light and heavy ions, beta particles, gamma rays and neutrons. It will be invaluable to PhD students in experimental nuclear physics and nuclear technology, as well as undergraduate students encountering projects based on radiation detection for the first time.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (310 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780750314282
    Series Statement: IOP Series in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Nuclear Structure Series
    DDC: 539.77
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Author biography -- David Jenkins -- Chapter 1 Nuclear structure and radioactive decay -- 1.1 Introduction to basic atomic and nuclear structure -- 1.1.1 The atomic nucleus -- 1.1.2 What drives nuclear stability? -- 1.1.3 Liquid drop model -- 1.1.4 Nuclear shell model -- 1.2 Radioactive decay -- 1.2.1 Basic definitions -- 1.3 Alpha decay -- 1.3.1 Fine structure in alpha decay -- 1.3.2 Prompt proton emission -- 1.3.3 Conclusions on alpha decay and implications for measurements -- 1.4 Beta decay -- 1.4.1 β− decay -- 1.4.2 β+ decay -- 1.4.3 Electron capture -- 1.4.4 Fermi and Gamow-Teller decay -- 1.4.5 Conclusions on beta decay and implications for measurements -- 1.5 Fission -- 1.5.1 Conclusions on fission and implications for measurements -- 1.6 Excited states -- 1.7 Transitions between nuclear excited states: electromagnetic decay modes -- 1.7.1 Gamma decay -- 1.7.2 Lifetime of nuclear excited states -- 1.7.3 Internal conversion -- 1.7.4 Conclusions on gamma decay and implications for measurements -- References -- Chapter 2 Interaction of ionising radiation with matter -- 2.1 General remarks -- 2.2 Protons, alpha particles and heavy ions -- 2.2.1 Fundamentals of stopping power theory -- 2.2.2 Low-velocity ions -- 2.2.3 Range -- 2.2.4 Bragg peak -- 2.2.5 Straggling -- 2.2.6 Channeling -- 2.2.7 Delta electrons -- 2.2.8 Simulation of energy loss, range and straggling -- 2.3 Electrons and positrons -- 2.3.1 Electrons -- 2.3.2 Positrons -- 2.3.3 Tools for evaluating electron/positron ranges -- 2.3.4 Cherenkov radiation -- 2.4 Gamma rays -- 2.4.1 Photoelectric absorption -- 2.4.2 Compton scattering -- 2.4.3 Pair production -- 2.5 Neutrons -- 2.5.1 Fast neutrons -- 2.5.2 Thermal neutrons -- References -- Chapter 3 Radioactive sources in the laboratory -- 3.1 Radioactive sources -- 3.1.1 Alpha sources -- 3.1.2 Beta sources. , 3.1.3 Gamma-ray sources -- 3.1.4 Conversion-electron sources -- 3.1.5 Neutron sources -- 3.2 Laboratory methods for studying exotic nuclei, nuclear reactions and nuclear excited states -- 3.3 Stable beam methods -- 3.3.1 Fusion-evaporation reaction -- 3.4 Radioactive beams -- 3.4.1 In-flight technique -- 3.4.2 ISOL technique -- 3.4.3 Experimental techniques with low energy or stopped radioactive beams -- 3.4.4 Experimental techniques with re-accelerated radioactive beams -- 3.4.5 Coulomb excitation -- 3.4.6 Single particle transfer -- 3.5 Neutron-induced reaction studies -- 3.5.1 Neutron time-of-flight measurements -- 3.5.2 Fast neutron beams -- References -- Chapter 4 The right detector for the job -- 4.1 Considerations in designing a detector setup -- 4.1.1 Energy resolution -- 4.1.2 Timing resolution -- 4.1.3 Counting rates -- 4.1.4 Detector efficiency -- 4.1.5 Angular coverage and detector geometry -- 4.1.6 Dynamic range -- 4.2 Detector design and modelling -- 4.2.1 GEANT4 -- 4.2.2 MCNP -- 4.3 Overview of major detector types -- 4.3.1 Gas-filled detectors -- 4.3.2 Scintillator detectors -- 4.3.3 Semiconductor detectors -- 4.4 Map of detector technologies to different applications -- 4.4.1 Alpha particles -- 4.4.2 Beta particles and conversion electrons -- 4.4.3 Gamma rays -- 4.4.4 Neutrons -- References -- Chapter 5 Scintillator detectors for gamma-ray detection -- 5.1 Inorganic scintillator detectors -- 5.1.1 Key parameters of scintillators -- 5.1.2 Typical inorganic scintillators -- 5.1.3 Phoswich detectors -- 5.2 Recent advances in scintillator technology -- 5.2.1 Next-generation scintillators available commercially -- 5.2.2 Future prospects -- 5.3 Photosensors for scintillation light collection -- 5.3.1 Photomultiplier tubes -- 5.3.2 Solid state light sensors: photodiodes -- 5.3.3 Silicon photomultipliers. , 5.3.4 Simulation of scintillators and SiPMs -- 5.4 Scintillator detector arrays -- 5.4.1 Total absorption spectrometers -- 5.4.2 Next-generation scintillator arrays -- References -- Chapter 6 Semiconductor detectors for gamma-ray detection -- 6.1 Germanium detectors-an overview -- 6.2 Hyperpure germanium detectors -- 6.2.1 Detector fabrication -- 6.2.2 Depletion depth -- 6.2.3 Principle of operation -- 6.2.4 Pulse shapes -- 6.3 Key parameters for germanium detectors -- 6.3.1 Energy resolution -- 6.3.2 Timing resolution -- 6.3.3 Peak-to-total -- 6.3.4 Linearity/calibration -- 6.3.5 Efficiency -- 6.3.6 Neutron damage -- 6.4 Principal classes of germanium detector -- 6.4.1 Types of hyperpure germanium detector -- 6.4.2 Germanium detector arrays -- 6.5 Improving germanium detector performance -- 6.5.1 Compton suppression -- 6.5.2 Gamma-ray tracking -- 6.6 Room temperature semiconductor detectors for gamma rays -- References -- Chapter 7 Applications of gamma-ray detection for society, medicine and other areas of science -- 7.1 Homeland security -- 7.1.1 Dirty bomb detection -- 7.1.2 Gamma-ray imaging -- 7.2 Nuclear decommissioning -- 7.3 Environmental monitoring -- 7.4 Oil and gas, mineral exploration -- 7.4.1 Sub-sea CT imaging -- 7.4.2 Borehole logging -- 7.5 Medical imaging -- 7.5.1 PET -- 7.5.2 SPECT -- 7.5.3 Diagnostics for ion-beam therapy -- 7.6 Gamma-ray astronomy -- 7.6.1 Compton camera for gamma-ray astronomy -- References -- Chapter 8 Charged particle detection -- 8.1 Alpha and heavy ion detection -- 8.1.1 Counting charged particles -- 8.2 Spectroscopy of charged particles: silicon detectors -- 8.2.1 Fabrication and design of silicon detectors -- 8.2.2 Identifying charged particles with silicon detectors -- 8.2.3 Obtaining position sensitivity within silicon detectors -- 8.2.4 Double-sided silicon strip detectors. , 8.2.5 Specialist applications of silicon detectors-storage rings -- 8.2.6 Operation and calibration of silicon detectors -- 8.2.7 Alternatives to silicon -- 8.3 Applications relevant to fission -- 8.3.1 Counting fission events -- 8.3.2 Identifying the fission fragment mass distribution -- 8.3.3 Determining both A and Z of fission fragments -- 8.3.4 Societal applications of alpha particle/heavy-ion detection -- 8.4 β+/− and electron detection -- 8.4.1 Beta decay spectroscopy -- 8.4.2 Conversion electron spectroscopy -- 8.4.3 Pair spectrometer -- 8.4.4 Societal applications of beta detection -- References -- Chapter 9 Neutron detectors -- 9.1 Fast neutron detectors -- 9.1.1 Liquid scintillator detectors -- 9.1.2 Plastic scintillator detectors -- 9.1.3 Emerging alternatives for fast neutron detection -- 9.2 Thermal neutron detectors -- 9.2.1 3He gas-filled proportional counter -- 9.2.2 3He replacements -- 9.3 Industrial and security applications of neutron detection -- 9.3.1 Homeland security -- 9.3.2 Borehole logging -- References -- Chapter 10 Readout electronics and data analysis -- 10.1 Strategy for electronics readout of detectors -- 10.2 Analogue electronics -- 10.2.1 Charge-sensitive preamplifier and signal chain -- 10.2.2 Pulse shaping amplifier -- 10.2.3 Analogue-to-digital conversion -- 10.2.4 Charge-to-digital-converter (QDC) -- 10.2.5 Timing chain -- 10.2.6 Concept of a trigger -- 10.2.7 Compactified read-out systems: ASICs -- 10.2.8 Dead time and pile-up -- 10.3 Digital data acquisition -- 10.3.1 Pulse processing -- 10.3.2 Timestamping, rates and triggerless acquisition -- 10.4 Data analysis -- 10.4.1 ROOT -- 10.4.2 Further selected examples of data analysis software -- References -- Chapter 11 Closing remarks -- Chapter -- A.1 Nuclear structure models -- A.2 Nuclear astrophysics -- A.3 Radiation detectors and applications -- A.4 Statistics.
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    San Diego :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (462 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780128144862
    DDC: 616.911
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Human Papillomavirus -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Preface -- General Introduction-The Background to Human Papillomavirus and Cancer Research -- Why Worry About Human Papillomavirus? -- The Book -- First Class Medical Science Is Not the Only Issue -- Cervical Cancer Was the Driver of Human Papillomavirus Research -- Finding the Role of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer -- Proving the Causal Role of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer -- The Importance of Human Papillomavirus DNA Testing for Clinical Research Into Human Papillomavirus and Cancer and Its Preve... -- The Complex Interactions of Academic Science, Clinical Medicine, and the Corporate World -- Human Papillomavirus Beyond Cervical Cancer -- The Key Role of Human Papillomavirus in Preventing Cervical Cancer -- Cervical Screening Before Human Papillomavirus -- Redefining the Pathology of Precancer in the Light of Human Papillomavirus-The Bethesda System and Its Successors -- The Move to Change Cervical Screening Based on Human Papillomavirus Science -- Applying Human Papillomavirus Screening Globally -- Development of Biomarkers -- Natural and Artificial Immune Responses to Human Papillomavirus and Human Papillomavirus Vaccines -- Developing Human Papillomavirus Vaccines -- The Impact of Corporate Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Trials and Marketing -- Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in Practice -- Human Papillomavirus and Modern Medical Science -- The Future -- References -- Further Reading -- 1 A Brief History of Cervical Cancer -- Understanding Cervical Cancer-From Paleopathology to the 19th Century -- Transforming Western Medicine and the Rise of Medical Science -- The Idea of Prevention -- Cervical Cancer Prevention by Cervical Cytology Screening -- Encouraging Participation in Cervical Cancer Screening. , Evolution of Ideas on the Causes of Cervical Cancer, Male Role, and Transmission of a Causative Agent -- Further Reading -- 1 Proving the Role of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer: Studies in the Laboratory, Clinic, and Community -- Introduction -- 2 Linking Human Papillomavirus to Human Cancer and Understanding Its Carcinogenic Mechanisms -- Animal Papillomaviruses: From Papillomas to Cancers -- The Search for Infectious Agents Associated With Cervical Cancer -- The Failure of the Herpes Hypothesis -- Molecular Tools -- The Human Papillomavirus Hypothesis -- Southern Blotting -- Cloning Human Papillomavirus DNAs -- Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis -- Identifying HPV 11, HPV 16, and HPV 18 -- Extending the Range of HPV Types -- The Advent of PCR -- Studying HPV Gene Expression in Lesions -- HPV 16 and 18 in Neoplastic Transformation: E6 and E7 Genes -- Additional Pioneering Studies of Immortalization and Transformation -- Recapitulation of Three-Dimensional Epithelial Tissues in Raft Cultures as an Experimental Model for Investigations of HPV-... -- Conclusion -- A Vignette: Early Clinical Experience With Human Papillomavirus -- References -- 3 Demonstrating the Importance of Different HPVs in Cervical Cancer and Other HPV-Related Cancers -- Introduction -- Human Papillomavirus as Etiological Agent of Cervical Cancer -- Human Papillomavirus Association With Cervical Cancer: Case-Control Studies -- Human Papillomavirus Prevalence and Distribution in Cervical Cancer and Other Human Papillomavirus-Associated Carcinomas -- Human Papillomavirus-Type Distribution of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus Types Across the Full Spectrum of Cervical Disease -- Human Papillomavirus Classification and Its Association With Carcinogenicity -- Implications -- References. , 4 Finding How Human Papillomaviruses Alter the Biochemistry and Identity of Infected Epithelial Cells -- Parasitic Lifestyles -- The Enigmatic, Illogical Life Cycle of High-Risk Human Papillomaviruses -- Inhibition of Innate Immune Signaling -- Mechanisms That Minimize Human Papillomavirus Genome Loss During Cell Division -- High-Risk HPV E6 and E7 Trigger and Subvert Cell-Intrinsic Defense Mechanisms -- Human Papillomavirus Infections Render Host Cells Genomically Unstable -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- 5 Biology of the Human Papillomavirus Life Cycle: The Basis for Understanding the Pathology of PreCancer and Cancer -- Productive Infection Facilitates the Assembly and Release of Virus Particles -- Genome Maintenance and the Replication of HPV Genomes in the Epithelial Basal Layer -- Productive Infection and Virus Synthesis Occurs in the Differentiated Layers of the Epithelium -- Nonproductive Infection Leads to the Development of Neoplasia -- The Role of HPV Gene Products in the Progression From Neoplasia to Cancer -- Understanding the Cervix and Other Vulnerable Epithelial Site in the Development of Cancer -- Understanding HPV Biology in Relation to the Pathological Classification of HPV-Associated Cancers and Precancer, and the S... -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgement -- References -- 6 The Pathology of Cervical Precancer and Cancer and its importance in clinical practice -- Introduction: Framing the Problem -- Terminology: Historical Perspective -- Diagnostic Process and Specimen Types -- Cytologic Specimens ("Pap Smears") -- Cervical Biopsy -- Cone Biopsy -- Hysterectomy -- Gross Morphology-Colposcopic Features -- Morphology (Histology and Cytology) -- Normal Squamous Epithelium -- Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy -- Cervical Cytology's Special Case of Equivocal Morphology -- Atypical Squamous Cells. , Epithelial Glandular Cells Abnormalities -- Sampling of the Endocervical Epithelium -- Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/CIN1 -- Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions: Histology -- High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion: CIN2 -- HSIL/CIN2 Histology -- High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion: CIN3 -- HSIL/CIN3: Histology -- High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion Variants -- Thin High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion -- Keratinizing High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion -- Papillary High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion -- Microscopic Mimics -- Squamous Cell Carcinoma -- Glandular Neoplasia -- Sampling of the Endocervical Epithelium -- Atypical Glandular Cells -- Endocervical Adenocarcinoma In Situ -- Adenocarcinoma -- Using Our Molecular Understanding of Disease Progression to Improve Diagnosis: Detection of HPV DNA and Biomarkers of Infection -- Biomarkers -- Ki67 -- Cytokeratin 7 and Other Squamocolumnar Junctional Markers -- In Situ Hybridization (ISH) -- HPV DNA In Situ Hybridization -- Biomarkers on Cytology Samples -- Triage of HPV-Positive Women -- p16/ki-67 Dual Stain -- Clinical Course and Management of Cervical Neoplasia -- Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions Behavior/Management -- High-Grade Intraepithelial Squamous Lesion Behavior/Management -- Further Reading -- 7 Developing and Standardizing Human Papillomavirus Tests -- Historical Development -- Discovery of Human Papillomavirus -- Cloning of Human Papillomavirus -- First Wave of Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests -- Spectrum of Anogenital Human Papillomavirus Types -- First Commercial Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests -- Target Amplification for Detection of Human Papillomavirus DNA -- Broad-Spectrum Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Type-Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction -- Detection of Human Papillomavirus mRNA. , Polymerase Chain Reaction Read-Out Methods -- Design and Performance Assessment of Human Papillomavirus Tests -- Intended Use -- Clinical Specimen, Collection, and Processing -- Target Selection and Amplification -- Human Papillomavirus DNA Detection Tests With Partial and Full Spectrum Genotyping -- Performance Assessment of HPV Tests and Requirements for Ongoing Quality Assurance -- Analytical Versus Clinical Performance -- Proficiency Panels -- Internal/Endogenous Control -- Brief Summary of Selected Commercial Human Papillomavirus Tests -- The Hybrid Capture 2 Human Papillomavirus DNA Test -- GP5+/6+ System -- SPF10/DEIA/LiPA25 System -- The LINEAR ARRAY Human Papillomavirus Genotyping System -- The Cobas 4800 Human Papillomavirus Test (Roche Cobas) -- The APTIMA Human Papillomavirus assay -- The BD Onclarity Human Papillomavirus Assay -- The Xpert Human Papillomavirus Assay -- Future Perspectives -- Vaccinology -- Human Papillomavirus Surveillance -- Human Papillomavirus-Based Screening -- Cervical Screening in Vaccinated Women -- Full Molecular-Based Screening -- Next Generation Sequencing -- Overview and Summary -- References -- 8 Proving the Causal Role of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer: A Tale of Multidisciplinary Science* -- Avoiding a Clash Between Different Lines of Scientific Evidence -- Learning From Errors -- A New Beginning for Molecular Epidemiology -- The Birth of a New Paradigm in Cancer Prevention -- Moving From Understanding Etiology to Improving Cervical Cancer Screening -- The Opportunity to Prevent Cervical Cancer With a Vaccine -- From Discovery to a Nobel Prize -- References -- 9 The Natural History of Human Papillomavirus Infection in Relation to Cervical Cancer -- Key Bullet Points -- Transmission of Human Papillomavirus -- Lack of Strong Epidemiologic Indicators for Human Papillomavirus Persistence (or Clearance). , Roles of Parity, Female Hormones and Tobacco.
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Bristol :Institute of Physics Publishing,
    Keywords: Electronic books.
    Description / Table of Contents: This course text provides an intermediate level treatment on the topic of the nuclear structure, focussing on the collective properties of atomic nuclei. The book goes into more detail on the specific topic of collective motion in nuclei, which has two major aspects: rotation and vibration.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (207 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780750356459
    Series Statement: IOP Series in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Nuclear Structure Series
    DDC: 539.70285
    Language: English
    Note: Outline placeholder -- References -- Author biographies -- David Jenkins -- John Wood -- Chapter How well defined are rotations in nuclei? -- 1.1 Even-even nuclei: energies and electric quadrupole, E2 properties -- 1.2 Quantum numbers and the Wigner-Eckart theorem for nuclear rotation -- 1.3 Odd nuclei: energies and E2 properties -- 1.4 A wider look at rotation in nuclei: energies and moments of inertia -- 1.5 Exercises -- References -- Chapter Do nuclei exhibit asymmetric rotor behaviour? -- 2.1 An asymmetric rotor model -- 2.2 Moments of inertia of the model -- 2.3 E2 matrix element relationships -- 2.4 ΔK=2 band mixing -- 2.5 Breakdown of the model -- 2.6 Exercises -- References -- Chapter How prevalent is shape coexistence in nuclei? Historical and closed-shell region views -- 3.1 Historical view of shape coexistence in nuclei -- 3.2 Signatures of shape coexistence for even-even nuclei in closed shell regions -- 3.3 Superdeformed bands -- 3.4 Exercises -- References -- Chapter How prevalent is shape coexistence in nuclei? Open-shell and global views -- 4.1 Shape coexistence in open-shell nuclei -- 4.2 Global and extended views of shape coexistence -- 4.3 Is there a unified view of shape coexistence in nuclei? -- 4.4 Exercises -- References -- Chapter Are there vibrations in nuclei? -- 5.1 Historical view of low-energy vibrations in nuclei -- 5.2 Assessment of low-energy quadrupole vibrations in nuclei -- 5.3 Low-energy octupole vibrations in spherical nuclei -- 5.4 Exercises -- References -- Chapter Are there vibrations in deformed nuclei? -- 6.1 Gamma and beta vibrations -- 6.2 Octupole vibrations -- 6.3 Hexadecapole degrees of freedom and a unified view of collectivity -- 6.4 Exercises -- References -- Chapter Epilogue -- Chapter -- Chapter -- B.1 Exercises -- Chapter -- C.1 Exercises -- References.
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Bristol :Institute of Physics Publishing,
    Keywords: Electronic books.
    Description / Table of Contents: This book introduces nuclear data to the newcomer and provides a basic introduction to the role of nuclear data as the foundation of nuclear structure study. The approach builds on basic concepts: from gross properties of nuclei, through properties of quantum excited states, to simple model perspectives.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (198 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780750345668
    Series Statement: IOP Series in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Nuclear Structure Series
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Author biographies -- David G Jenkins -- John L Wood -- Chapter 1 Gross properties of nuclei -- 1.1 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 2 Nuclear excitation patterns -- 2.1 Basic features of excited states in even-even nuclei -- 2.1.1 Excitation energies -- 2.1.2 Electromagnetic decay properties -- 2.2 A basic symmetry of nuclei: isospin -- 2.3 Nuclear data compilations and evaluations -- 2.4 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 3 Nuclear deformation and rotations -- 3.1 The rotor model for nuclei: K = 0 bands -- 3.2 Odd-mass nuclei, intrinsic excitations, and rotations -- 3.3 Even-mass nuclei, intrinsic excitations, and rotations -- 3.4 Deformed nuclei and the K quantum number -- 3.4.1 K isomerism -- 3.4.2 One-nucleon transfer reactions -- 3.4.3 Band mixing and crossing -- 3.4.4 Magnetic moments -- 3.5 Nuclear moments of inertia -- 3.6 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 4 Towards a global view of nuclear structure -- 4.1 Shape coexistence in nuclei -- 4.2 Pairing-dominated structures in single-closed shell nuclei -- 4.3 Doubly closed shell nuclei -- 4.4 Weakly deformed nuclei -- 4.5 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 5 Simple models of nuclear structure -- 5.1 Independent-particle models for nuclear structure -- 5.1.1 The shell model -- 5.1.2 The Nilsson model -- 5.2 Pairing models for nuclear structure -- 5.3 Rotor models for nuclear structure -- 5.3.1 The dumbbell rotor model -- 5.3.2 Simple rotor models for nuclei -- 5.3.3 Models of moments of inertia for nuclei -- 5.4 The Bohr model for nuclear structure -- 5.5 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 6 Nuclear spectroscopic measurements -- 6.1 A quantum measurement preamble -- 6.2 Coulomb excitation -- 6.3 Radioactive decay -- 6.4 In-beam reaction γ-ray spectroscopy -- 6.5 Gamma-ray spectroscopy -- 6.6 Electron spectroscopy. , 6.7 Reaction spectroscopic studies of nuclear structure -- 6.8 Atomic hyperfine spectroscopy studies for nuclei -- 6.9 Mass measurements studies for nuclei -- 6.10 Isotope separation on-line (ISOL) studies for nuclear structure -- 6.11 Lifetime measurements by Doppler techniques -- 6.12 Lifetimes of states associated with radiative emission of γ-rays -- 6.13 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 7 Metrology for nuclear structure study -- 7.1 The SI base units -- 7.2 The fundamental physical constants -- 7.3 Exercises -- References -- Chapter 8 Epilogue.
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Singapore : Springer Nature Singapore | Singapore : Imprint: Springer
    Keywords: Environment. ; Climatology. ; Environmental protection. ; Civil engineering. ; Water. ; Hydrology.
    Description / Table of Contents: Sustainable Water Management in Developing Countries -- Progress, Challenges and Prospects for Sustainable Water Resources Management and Development in Zimbabwe -- Sustainable Water Treatment and Management Approaches in the Urban Environments of Developing Countries -- Modern Water Treatment Methods: Exploring Public Acceptance and Socio- economic Factors influencing their Implementation -- Ensuring Sustainability of Groundwater Resources: A Review of Challenges and Initiatives by Southern African Arid and Semi-arid Countries -- Micro plastics Contamination in Urban Water System: A Risk Assessment and Mitigation -- Discovery of Novel Butyrylcholinesterase Inhibitors as Potential Candidates for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease caused due to the Presence of Aluminium in Drinking Water -- Combating Plastic Contamination: Strategies for Removing Micro plastic from Water Resources -- Low-cost Sustainable Nanotechnology Approaches for Water Quality Monitoring in Developing Countries -- Sustainable Treatment of Contaminants of Emerging Concerns in Water and Wastewater -- An Evaluation of the Potential Use of Environmental Coagulants to Decontaminate Leachates -- Significance of Renewable Energy in Water Management and Irrigation -- Securing and Preserving the Support of the Community for the Implementation of the Continuous Water Supply System in India -- Exploring Ethical Impacts of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation -- Using Applied Theatre in Communicating Water Management Challenges and Solutions in African Communities -- Using Desalination to Supplement the Groundwater Supply to Arid and Semi- arid Environments -- Contextual Engendering of Water and Climate Adaptations in Developing Countries -- Water and Sanitation: A Global Priority -- Regional Water Harvesting Structures in Kerala: A Gender Perspective -- Using Geochemical Assessments for Basin-wide Monitoring of Groundwater Quality and Quantity: Case of Omaruru-Swakop Basin -- Water and Sanitation Management in Urban Slum of Bandung City, Indonesia: Assessing the Potential Acceptance and Impact of Composting Toilet Technology in Urban Slum Areas -- The Impact of Municipal Waste on Groundwater Quality: Case of Omaruru Municipal Dumpsite -- Security of Food and Water: For a Sustainable Future -- Future Perception and Opportunities for Sustainable Water Management in Developing Countries.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource(XV, 480 p. 147 illus., 113 illus. in color.)
    Edition: 1st ed. 2024.
    ISBN: 9789819986392
    Series Statement: Water Resources Development and Management
    Language: English
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Analytical chemistry 65 (1993), S. 3576-3580 
    ISSN: 1520-6882
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 72 (1992), S. 4130-4133 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Predictions of deep levels associated with N vacancies in AlxGa1−xN as functions of alloy composition x explain both (i) the dramatic change from naturally n-type to semi-insulating behavior (for x=xc(approximately-equal-to)0.5) in terms of a shallow-deep transition for the vacancy's T2 level, and (ii) the major photoluminescence feature in terms of recombination from the vacancy's A1 deep level. Extrinisic photoluminescence data for Zn-doped AlxGa1−xN are interpreted in terms of a transition from the conduction band to a T2-symmetric deep level in the lower part of the gap. This level is associated with antisite Zn on a N site, ZnN.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 72 (1992), S. 3223-3223 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 68 (1990), S. 1848-1853 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: A simple, analytical, semiempirical model is presented for the optical constants of AlxGa1−xAs including the index of refraction. The model is tailored to the energy range of 1.0–3.0 eV, the operating range for many AlxGa1−xAs-based devices and incorporates the important electronic transitions in the solid which affect light propagation and absorption. The parameters of the model are simple functions of composition allowing for ready computation of any of the optical constants, n, k, α, ε1, or ε2, for any energy E (or wavelength λ) of light between 1.0 and 3.0 eV (400–1200 nm) and any composition x.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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