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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Eosinophil, major basic protein (M BP), purified from guinea pig eosinophil granules was used to raise five monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs). Their reactivity with MBP was confirmed by immunoblotting and indirect ELISA. Two of the MoAbs were used to develop a sensitive and specific antigen capture (sandwich) ELISA for guinea pig eosinophil M BP which gives an accurate and reproducible standard curve over the range of 10-10000 ng/ml. The specificity of the ELISA for MBP was confirmed and its suitability for testing biological samples ascertained by measurement of MBP in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and plasma from guinea pigs sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin. The ELISA was also capable of detecting MBP in culture supernatants from purified eosinophil preparations challenged with calcium ionophore in vitro. One of the monoclonal could be used to strongly and specifically stain guinea pig eosinophils in immunocytochemistry, whilst all five could be used to visualize eosinophils in suspension in BALF or peritoneal lavage fluid by flow cytometry. There was no staining of other guinea pig leucocyte types, nor crossreactivity with human eosinophils by immunocytochemistry or Row cytometry.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Clinical & experimental allergy 22 (1992), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background Although neutrophils have been implicated in bronchial asthma, the mechanism(s) which bring these cells into the airways is poorly understood.Objective To investigate the presence and identity of neutrophil chemotactic factors in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from atopic asthmatic subjects.Method BAL fluid was obtained from 13 subjects (seven asthmatics and six normals). aged 19 to 60 yr, at bronchoscopy. Separation of neutrophil chemotactic activity (NCA) was achieved by FPLC cation exchange chromatography. Fractions were collected and assayed for chemotaxis multiwell micro-chemotaxes chambers using polycarbonate filters, for the complement peptide C5a/C5a des Arg by radioimmunoassay (RIA) and for interleukin-8 (IL-8) by ELISA.Results NCA was found in FPLC fractions of BAL samples in four out of seven asthmatics and each of these subjects had at least three similar peaks of NCA. The major peak of NCA was found to contain immunoreactive C5a/C5a des Arg and chemotaxis. In response to this NCA could be blocked by desensitization of the neutrophils with recombinant C5a. Purified serum derived C5a/C5a des Arg was found to have altered chromatographic properties when added to BAL fluid; this suggested that BAL fluid contained proteins which interacted with the C5a/C5a des Arg. Immunoreactive IL-8 (iIL-8) was also detected but its concentration or chemical form was insufficient to induce neutropbil chemotaxis.Conclusion This study demonstrates that bronchial asthmatic lavage fluid contains C5a/C5a des/Arg and iL-8, together with other as yet unidentified factors which may contribute to neutropbil recruitment in this disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Epilepsy ; Pathology ; Tumor ; Malformation ; Inflammation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The surgical treatment of chronic pharmacoresistant epilepsies is increasing rapidly. Although several studies have reported on histopathological findings in temporal lobe epilepsy, little is known about the surgical pathology of other seizure disorders. Here we report the histopathological fingings in 63 consecutive surgical specimens of patients who were operated for chronic pharmacoresistant epileptic seizures other than temporal lobe epilepsy (37 corticectomies, 19 functional hemispherectomies, 5 lobectomies, 1 multilobectomy, and 1 frontal lobe deafferentiation combined with a temporal lobectomy). There were structural lesions in 85.7% of the specimens. In 16 cases (25.4%) the predominant lesions were malformative (focal glioneuronal hamartias and hamartomas, vascular malformations, abundant ectopic neurons in the white matter, microgyria, and arachnoid cyst). Lesions indicating preor perinatal necrosis such as porencephaly, ulegyria, and congenital hemiatrophy were present in 7 cases (11.1%). Twelve specimens (19.0%) contained low-grade neoplasms (7 gangliogliomas, 3 astrocytomas, 1 oligoden-droglioma and 1 oligoastrocytoma). There were 3 cases of Rasuussen encephalitis, 1 specimen with atrophy and gliosis due to previous herpetic encephalitis and 1 case with an old abscess wall. Posttraumatic or postoperative changes were the predominant finding in 7 specimens (11.1%). In 7 patients there were only nonspecific changes such as cortical atrophy and gliosis or old hemorrhage. No structural alterations were identified in 9 specimens (14.3%). The findings suggest that the structural lesions observed in the great majority of the specimens were closely related to the pathogenesis of intractable seizures.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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