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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Saint Louis :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Organic compounds--Synthesis. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (1012 pages)
    Edition: 3rd ed.
    ISBN: 9780080912448
    Series Statement: Comprehensive Organic Synthesis II - Online Series
    DDC: 547.2
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Additions to C-X π-Bonds -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contributors to Volume 1 -- Abbreviations -- Contents of All Volumes -- Part 1: Nonstabilized Carbanion Equivalents -- Chapter 1.1 Carbanions of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations: (i) Synthesis and Structural Characterization -- 1.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.1.2 STRUCTURAL FEATURES -- 1.1.3 CARBANION CRYSTAL STRUCTURES -- 1.1.4 CRYSTAL GROWTH AND MANIPULATION -- 1.1.5 THEORY, NMR AND OTHER TECHNIQUES -- 1.1.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.2 Carbanions of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations: (ii) Selectivity of Carbonyl Addition Reactions -- 1.2.1 ADDITIONS OF ACHIRAL REAGENTS TO CHIRAL SUBSTRATES -- 1.2.2 ADDITIONS OF CHIRAL REAGENTS TO ACHIRAL SUBSTRATES -- 1.2.3 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.3 Organoaluminum Reagents -- 1.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.3.2 SITE SELECTIVE AND STEREOSELECTIVE ADDITIONS OF NUCLEOPHILES MEDIATED BY ORGANOALUMINUM REAGENTS -- 1.3.3 REACTIONS OF ORGANOALUMINUM REAGENTS WITH ACID DERIVATIVES -- 1.3.4 1,2-ADDITIONS OF ORGANOALUMINUMS TO CARBON-NITROGEN SYSTEMS -- 1.3.5 APPLICATIONS TO NATURAL PRODUCT SYNTHESIS -- 1.3.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.4 Organocopper Reagents -- 1.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.4.2 1,2-ADDITIONS TO ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.4.3 1,2-ADDITIONS TO IMINES, NITRILES AND AMIDES -- 1.4.4 APPLICATIONS TO NATURAL PRODUCT SYNTHESIS -- 1.4.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.5 Organotitanium and Organozirconium Reagents -- 1.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.5.2 ORGANOTITANIUM AND ORGANOZIRCONIUM NUCLEOPHILES : A GENERAL VIEW -- 1.5.3 CARBONYL ADDITION REACTIONS -- 1.5.4 CHIRALLY MODIFIED TITANIUM REAGENTS : ENANTIOSELECTIVE ADDITION -- 1.5.5 MISCELLANEOUS REACTIONS -- 1.5.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.6 Organochromium Reagents -- 1.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.6.2 ORGANOCHROMIUM (III) CARBANION EQUIVALENTS -- 1.6.3 ALLYL-, METHALLYL-, CROTYL- AND PROPARGYL-CHROMIUM REAGENTS. , 1.6.4 ALKENYLCHROMIUM REAGENTS -- 1.6.5 ALKYNYLCHROMIUM REAGENTS -- 1.6.6 α-ACYLCHROMIUM REAGENTS -- 1.6.7 ALKYLCHROMIUM REAGENTS -- 1.6.8 ALKYL-GEM/-DICHROMIUM REAGENTS : ALKENATION REACTIONS -- 1.6.9 CONCLUSION -- 1.6.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.7 Organozinc, Organocadmium and Organomercury Reagents -- 1.7.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS -- 1.7.2 PREPARATION OF ORGANOZINC REAGENTS -- 1.7.3 ADDITION REACTIONS OF ORGANOZINC REAGENTS -- 1.7.4 ADDITION REACTIONS OF ORGANOCADMIUM AND ORGANOMERCURY REAGENTS -- 1.7.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.8 Organocerium Reagents -- 1.8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.8.2 ORGANOCERIUM REAGENTS -- 1.8.3 CERIUM ENOLATES -- 1.8.4 GRIGNARD REAGENT/CERIUM CHLORIDE SYSTEMS -- 1.8.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.9 Samarium and Ytterbium Reagents -- 1.9.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.9.2 SAMARIUM REAGENTS -- 1.9.3 YTTERBIUM REAGENTS -- 1.9.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.10 Lewis Acid Carbonyl Complexation -- 1.10.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.10.2 STRUCTURAL ISSUES -- 1.10.3 THEORETICAL STUDIES -- 1.10.4 NMR SPECTROSCOPY -- 1.10.5 X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY -- 1.10.6 TRANSITION METALS AS LEWIS ACIDS -- 1.10.7 STRUCTURAL MODELS FOR LEWIS ACID MEDIATED REACTIONS -- 1.10.8 CONCLUSIONS -- 1.10.9 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.11 Lewis Acid Promoted Addition Reactions of Organometallic Compounds -- 1.11.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.11.2 LEWIS ACID PROMOTED REACTIONS OF ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.11.3 LEWIS ACID PROMOTED REACTIONS OF EPOXIDES -- 1.11.4 LEWIS ACID PROMOTED REACTIONS OF ACETALS -- 1.11.5 LEWIS ACID PROMOTED REACTIONS OF IMINES -- 1.11.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.12 Nucleophilic Addition to Imines and Imine Derivatives -- 1.12.1 SCOPE -- 1.12.2 INTRODUCTION -- 1.12.3 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO IMINES -- 1.12.4 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO IMINIUM SALTS -- 1.12.5 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO N-ACYLIMINES AND N-ACYLIMINIUM SALTS -- 1.12.6 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO HYDRAZONES. , 1.12.7 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO AZADIENES -- 1.12.8 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO OXIMES AND OXIME ETHERS -- 1.12.9 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO S-ARYL SULFENIMINES -- 1.12.10 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO SULFONIMINES -- 1.12.11 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO N-TRIMETHYLSILYLIMINES -- 1.12.12 ORGANOMETALLIC ADDITIONS TO NITRONES -- 1.12.13 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.13 Nucleophilic Addition to Carboxylie Acid Derivatives -- 1.13.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.13.2 ACYLATION OF ORGANOLITHIUM AND GRIGNARD REAGENTS -- 1.13.3 ACYLATION BY ORGANOCOPPER REAGENTS -- 1.13.4 ACYLATION MEDIATED BY LOW-VALENT PALLADIUM COMPLEXES -- 1.13.5 ACYLATION WITH NICKEL AND RHODIUM CATALYSIS -- 1.13.6 REFERENCES -- Part 2: Heteroatom-stabilized Carbanion Equivalents -- Chapter 2.1 Nitrogen Stabilization -- 2.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.1.2 sp-HYBRIDIZED CARBANIONS (CYANIDE ) -- 2.1.3 sp2-HYBRIDIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.1.4 sp3-HYBRIDIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.1.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.2 Boron Stabilization -- 2.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2.2 PREPARATION OF BORON-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.2.3 REACTIONS OF NONALLYLIC BORON-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.2.4 REACTIONS OF ALLYLIC BORON-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.2.5 CONCLUSION -- 2.2.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.3 Sulfur Stabilization -- 2.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.3.2 SULFENYL-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.3.3 SULHNYL-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.3.4 SULFONYL-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.3.5 SULFONIMIDOYL-STABILIZED CARBANIONS -- 2.3.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.4 The Benzoin and Related Acyl Anion Equivalent Reactions -- 2.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.4.2 CHIRAL CYANOHYDRINS -- 2.4.3 O-PROTECTED CYANOHYDRINS -- 2.4.4 α-(DIALKYLAMINO)NITRILES -- 2.4.5 CYANOPHOSPHATES -- 2.4.6 α-THIONITRILES. -- 2.4.7 α-(ARYLSELENO)NITRILES -- 2.4.8 α-HETEROSUBSTITUTED PHOSPHONATE CARBANIONS AS ACYL ANION EQUIVALENTS -- 2.4.9 DITHIOACETALS AND DITHIANES -- 2.4.10 DISELENOACETALS. , 2.4.11 TOSYLMETHYL ISOCYANIDE -- 2.4.12 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.5 Silicon Stabilization -- 2.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.5.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANOSILICON COMPOUNDS -- 2.5.3 SILICON ATTACHED TO PARTICIPATING π-BONDED CARBON NUCLEOPHILES -- 2.5.3 SILICON ATTACHED TO ADJACENT PARTICIPATING π-BONDED CARBON NUCLEOPHILES -- 2.5.5 α-SILYLORGANOMETALLIC REAGENTS -- 2.5.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.6 Selenium Stabilization -- 2.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.6.2 SYNTHESIS OF ORGANOMETALLICS BEARINGA SELENIUM-STABILIZED CARBANION -- 2.6.3 REACTIVITY OF CARBONYL COMPOUNDS WITH ORGANOMETALLICS BEARINGA A SELENIUM-STABILIZED CARBANION -- 2.6.4 β-HYDROXYALKYL SELENIDES AS VALUABLE SYNTHETIC INTERMEDIATES -- 2.6.5 MISCELLANEOUS REACTIONS INVOLVING FUNCTIONALIZED a-SELENOALKYL METALS AND CARBONYL COMPOUNDS -- 2.6.7 REFERENCES -- Part 3: Transformation of the Carbonyl Group into Nonhydroxylic Groups -- Chapter 3.1 Alkene Synthesis -- 3.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.1.2 METHYLENATION REACTIONS : INTRODUCTION -- 3.1.3 SILICON-STABILIZED METHYLENATION : THE PETERSON ALKENATION -- 3.1.4 SULFUR-STABILIZED METHYLENATION : THE JOHNSON (iV-METHYLPHENYLSULFONIMIDOYL)METHYLLITHIUM METHOD -- 3.1.5 TITANIUM-STABILIZED METHYLENATION : THE TEBBE REACTION -- 3.1.6 TITANIUM-ZINC METHYLENATION -- 3.1.7 OTHER METHODS OF METHYLENATION -- 3.1.8 ALKENE FORMATION : INTRODUCTION -- 3.1.9 PHOSPHORUS-STABILIZED ALKENATION -- 3.1.10 SILICON-MEDIATED ALKENE FORMATION -- 3.1.11 SULFUR-STABILIZED ALKENATIONS : THE JULIA COUPLING -- 3.1.12 METHODS OF ALKENE FORMATION BY METAL CARBENE COMPLEXES -- 3.1.13 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.2 Epoxidation and Related Processes -- 3.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.2.2 ADDITIONS TO C=0 TT-BONDS -- 3.2.3 ADDITIONS TO C=N TT-BONDS -- 3.2.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.3 Skeletal Reorganizations: Chain Extension and Ring Expansion -- 3.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.3.2 DIAZOALKANES AND RELATED REACTIONS. , 3.3.3 PINACOL-TYPE REACTIONS OF β-HYDROXY SULFIDES AND SELENIDES -- 3.3.4 REARRANGEMENT OF β-OXIDO CARBENOIDS -- 3.3.5 MISCELLANEOUS HOMOLOGATION METHODS -- 3.3.6 REFERENCES -- Author Index -- Subject Index.
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Saint Louis :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Organic compounds--Synthesis. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (1166 pages)
    Edition: 3rd ed.
    ISBN: 9780080912516
    Series Statement: Comprehensive Organic Synthesis II - Online Series
    DDC: 547.2
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Reduction -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contributors to Volume 8 -- Abbreviations -- Contents of All Volumes -- Chapter 1.1 Reduction of C =O to CHOH by Metal Hydrides -- 1.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.1.2 THEORY OF STEREOSELECTIVITY -- 1.1.3 PIASTEREOSELECTIVITY -- 1.1.4 CHEMOSELECTIVITY -- 1.1.5 OTHER METAL HYDRIDES -- 1.1.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.2 Reduction of C=N to CHNH by Metal Hydrides -- 1.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.2.2 REDUCTION OF IMINES AND IMINIUM SALTS OF AMMONIA AND AMINES -- 1.2.3 REDUCTIONS OF W-HETEROATOM-SUBSTITUTED IMINES -- 1.2.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.3 Reduction of C=X to CHXH by Hydride Delivery from Carbon -- 1.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.3.2 STRUCTURE AND REACTIVITY -- 1.3.3 COMPOUND CLASSES -- 1.3.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.4 Reduction of C=X to CHXH by Dissolving Metals and Related Methods -- 1.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.4.2 MECHANISM OF CARBONYL REDUCTION -- 1.4.3 SYNTHETIC UTILITY OF CARBONYL REDUCTION -- 1.4.4 REDUCTIONS OF C =N AND C = S -- 1.4.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.5 Reduction of C=X to CHXH Electrolytically -- 1.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.5.2 KETONES AND ALDEHYDES -- 1.5.3 IMINES AND OXIMES -- 1.5.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.6 Reduction of C=X to CHXH by Catalytic Hydrogénation -- 1.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.6.2 HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC HYDROGENATION OF THE C=O BOND -- 1.6.3 HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC HYDROGENATION OF THE C=N BOND -- 1.6.4 DIASTEREOSELECTIVE ASYMMETRIC HYDROGENATION -- 1.6.5 HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC HYDROGENATION USING A CHIRAL CATALYST -- 1.6.6 HOMOGENEOUS CATALYTIC HYDROGENATION OF C =O AND C=N DOUBLE BONDS -- 1.6.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.7 Reduction of C=X to CHXH by Chirally Modified Hydride Reagents -- 1.7.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.7.2 ASYMMETRIC REDUCTION OF THE CARBONYL GROUP -- 1.7.3 SUMMARY -- 1.7.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.8 Reduction of C=X to CHXH Using Enzymes and Microorganisms. , 1.8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.8.2 SCOPE OF THE METHOD -- 1.8.3 SOURCES OF ENZYMES AND MICROORGANISMS -- 1.8.4 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS -- 1.8.5 ORGANIZATION OF TOPICS -- 1.8.6 REDUCTION OF C = O TO CHOH -- 1.8.7 REDUCTION OF C =N TO CHNH -- 1.8.8 REDUCTION OF C =C TO CHCH -- 1.8.9 FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS -- 1.8.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.9 Reduction of Acetals, Azaacetals and Thioacetals to Ethers -- 1.9.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.9.2 MAJOR METHODS -- 1.9.3 SELECTIVE REDUCTIONS -- 1.9.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.10 Reduction of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives to Alcohols, Ethers and Amines -- 1.10.1 REDUCTIONS OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS -- 1.10.2 REDUCTIONS OF ACYL HALIDES, ANHYDRIDES AND RELATED SPECIES -- 1.10.3 REDUCTIONS OF CARBOXYLIC ESTERS -- 1.10.4 REDUCTIONS OF LACTONES -- 1.10.5 REDUCTIONS OF AMIDES AND LACTAMS -- 1.10.6 REDUCTIONS OF NITRILES -- 1.10.7 REDUCTIONS OF IMIDES, ISOC YANATES AND CARB AMATES -- 1.10.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.11 Reduction of Carboxylic Acids to Aldehydes by Metal Hydrides -- 1.11.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.11.2 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS -- 1.11.3 ACYLHALIDES -- 1.11.4 ESTERS OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS (INCLUDING ORTHO ESTERS) -- 1.11.5 LACTONES -- 1.11.6 AMIDES OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS -- 1.11.7 LACTAMS AND CYCLIC IMIDES -- 1.11.8 NITRILES -- 1.11.9 MISCELLANEOUS REDUCTIONS TO ALDEHYDES -- 1.11.10 REVIEWS AND BOOKS -- 1.11.11 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.12 Reduction of Carboxylic Acids to Aldehydes by Other Methods -- 1.12.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.12.2 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS -- 1.12.3 ACYL CHLORIDES -- 1.12.4 CARBOXYLIC ACID ANHYDRIDES -- 1.12.5 CARBOXYLIC ACID ESTERS -- 1.12.6 CARBOXYLIC ACID THIOL ESTERS -- 1.12.7 CARBOXYLIC ACID AMIDES -- 1.12.8 NITRILES -- 1.12.9 IMIDOYL CHLORIDES -- 1.12.10 AMIDINES,IMIDATESANDTHIOIMIDATES -- 1.12.11 THIOAMIDES, THIOESTERS AND DITHIOESTERS -- 1.12.12 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.13 Reduction of C=X to CH2 by Dissolving Metals and Related Methods. , 1.13.1 INTRODUCTION -- 13.2 DISSOLVING METAL REDUCTION AND RELATED REACTIONS OF NONCONJUGATED AND CONJUGATED ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.13.3 METAL HYDRIDE REDUCTIONS OF AROMATIC ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.13.4 HYDROGENOLYSIS OF AROMATIC ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.13.5 ELECTROLYSIS OF NONCONJUGATED AND CONJUGATED ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.13.6 MISCELLANEOUS -- 1.13.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.14 Reduction of C=X to CH2 by Wolff-Kishner and Other Hydrazone Methods -- 1.14.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.14.2 THE WOLFF-KISHNER REDUCTION OF ALDEHYDE AND KETONE HYDRAZONES -- 1.14.3 REDUCTION OF ALDEHYDE AND KETONE AR YLSULFON YLHYDRAZONES WITH HYDRIDE REAGENTS -- 1.14.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.1 Reduction of Nitro and Nitroso Compounds -- 2.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.1.2 REDUCTION OF AROMATIC NITRO COMPOUNDS TO NITROSO COMPOUNDS -- 2.1.3 REDUCTION OF AROMATIC NITRO AND NITROSO COMPOUNDS TO AZO AND AZOXY COMPOUNDS -- 2.1.4 REDUCTION OF AROMATIC NITRO AND NITROSO COMPOUNDS TO HYDROXYLAMINES -- 2.1.5 REDUCTION OF AROMATIC NITRO AND NITROSO COMPOUNDS TO ANILINES -- 2.1.6 REDUCTION OF ALIPHATIC NITRO COMPOUNDS TO HYDROXYLAMINES -- 2.1.7 REDUCTION OF ALIPHATIC NITROALKANES TO AMINES -- 2.1.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.2 Reduction of N=N, N-N, N-O and O-O Bonds -- 2.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2.2 REDUCTION OF GROUPS WITH NITROGEN-NITROGEN MULTIPLE BONDS -- 2.2.3 REDUCTION OF GROUPS WITH NITROGEN-NITROGEN SINGLE BONDS -- 2.2.4 REDUCTION OF N-O BONDED GROUPS -- 2.2.5 REDUCTION OF O-O BONDED GROUPS -- 2.2.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.3 Reduction of S = O and SO2 to S, of P = O to P, and of S-X to S-H -- 2.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.3.2 REDUCTION OF S = O AND RELATED FUNCTIONAL GROUPS -- 2.3.3 REDUCTION OF P = O COMPOUNDS -- 2.3.4 REDUCTION OF S-X TO S-H -- 2.3.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.1 Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogénation of C=C and Cs=C -- 3.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.1.2 DYNAMICS AND MECHANISM. , 3.1.3 HYDROGENATION OF C=C -- 3.1.4 HYDROGENATION OF C=C -- 3.1.5 DIENES AND POLYENES, REGIO- AND STEREO-SELECTIVITY -- 3.1.6 AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS -- 3.1.7 POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS -- 3.1.8 CHEMOSELECTIVITY -- 3.1.9 CATALYTIC TRANSFER HYDROGENATION -- 3.1.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.2 Homogeneous Catalytic Hydrogénation of C=C and Cs=C -- 3.2.1 HYDROGENATION OF NONCONJUGATED C=C BONDS -- 3.2.2 HYDROGENATION OF CONJUGATED ALKENES -- 3.2.3 HYDROGENATION OF AROMATIC AND HETEROAROMATIC RINGS -- 3.2.4 HYDROGENATION OF C=C BONDS -- 3.2.5 HOMOGENEOUS ASYMMETRIC HYDROGENATION OF C=C BONDS USING CHIRAL CATALYSTS -- 3.2.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.3 Reductions of C=C and CE=C by Noncatalytic Chemical Methods -- 3.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.3.2 REDUCTION OF C =C AND C =C BY DIIMIDE -- 3.3.3 REDUCTION OF C=C AND C=C BY DISSOLVING METALS -- 3.3.4 REDUCTION OF C=C AND C=C BY LOW-VALENT METAL SPECIES -- 3.3.5 REDUCTION OF C =C AND C=C BY METAL HYDRIDE-TRANSITION METAL HALIDE COMBINATIONS -- 3.3.6 REDUCTION OF C=C BY IONIC HYDROGENATION REACTIONS -- 3.3.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.4 Partial Reduction of Aromatic Rings by Dissolving Metals and by Other Methods -- 3.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.4.2 THE BIRCH REDUCTION -- 3.4.3 SURVEY OF BIRCH REDUCTIONS -- 3.4.4 FURTHER METHODS FOR THE REDUCTION OF AROMATIC RINGS -- 3.4.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.5 Partial Reduction of Enones, Styrènes and Related Systems -- 3.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.5.2 ELECTRON TRANSFER REDUCTIONS -- 3.5.3 CATALYTIC HYDROGENATION -- 3.5.4 REDUCTION WITH MAIN GROUP METAL HYDRIDES -- 3.5.5 REDUCTIONS WITH STOICHIOMETRIC AMOUNTS OF TRANSITION METAL HYDRIDES -- 3.5.6 COMPOSITE REDUCING SYSTEMS -- 3.5.7 BIOCHEMICAL REDUCTIONS -- 3.5.8 MISCELLANEOUS REDUCING AGENTS -- 3.5.9 PARTIAL REDUCTION OF CONJUGATED DENES AND STYRENES -- 3.5.10 REFERENCES. , Chapter 3.6 Partial and Complete Reduction of Pyridines and their Benzo Analogs -- 3.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.6.2 CHEMICAL REDUCTION -- 3.6.3 HYDROGENATION -- 3.6.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.6 Partial and Complete Reduction of Pyridines and their Benzo Analogs -- 3.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.6.2 CHEMICAL REDUCTION -- 3.6.3 HYDROGENATION -- 3.6.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.7 Partial and Complete Reduction of Pyrroles, Furans, Thiophenes and their Benzo Analogs -- 3.7.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.7.2 REDUCTION OF PYRROLES -- 3.7.3 REDUCTION OF FURANS -- 3.7.4 REDUCTION OF THIOPHENES -- 3.7.5 REDUCTION OF INDOLES -- 3.7.6 REDUCTION OF BENZO[b]FURANS -- 3.7.7 REDUCTION OF BENZO[b]THIOPHENES -- 3.7.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.8 Partial and Complete Reduction of Heterocycles Containing More than One Heteroatom -- 3.8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.8.2 REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING TWO NITROGEN ATOMS -- 3.8.3 REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING ONE NITROGEN ATOM AND ONE OXYGEN ATOM -- 3.8.4 REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING ONE NITROGEN ATOM AND ONE SULFUR OR SELENIUM ATOM -- 3.8.5 REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING TWO OXYGEN ATOMS OR TWO SULFUR ATOMS -- 3.8.6 REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING THREE NITROGEN ATOMS -- 3.8.7 REDUCTION OF HETEROCYCLES CONTAINING TWO NITROGEN ATOMS AND ONE OXYGEN ATOM -- Chapter 3.9 Hydrozirconation of C=C and C=C and Hydrometallation by Other Metals -- 3.9.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.9.2 MECHANISTIC ASPECTS -- 3.9.3 HYDROZIRCONATION WITH [Cp2ZrHCl] AND RELATED COMPOUNDS -- 3.9.4 OTHER HYDROMETALLATIONS -- 3.9.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.10 Hydroboration of C=C and C=C -- 3.10.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS -- 3.10.2 HYDROBORATION WITH DIBORANE AND BORANE COMPLEXES -- 3.10.3 HYDROBORATION WITH MONOSUBSTITUTED BORANES -- 3.10.4 HYDROBORATION WITH DISUBSTITUTED BORANES -- 3.10.5 CHIRAL HYDROBORATION -- 3.10.6 MECHANISM OF THE HYDROBORATION REACTION. , 3.10.7 PROTONOLYSIS OF ORGANOBORANES.
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Saint Louis :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Organic compounds--Synthesis. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (1039 pages)
    Edition: 3rd ed.
    ISBN: 9780080912509
    Series Statement: Comprehensive Organic Synthesis II - Online Series
    DDC: 547.2
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Oxidation -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contributors to Volume 7 -- Abbreviations -- Contents of All Volumes -- Part 1: Oxidation of Unactivated C-H Bonds -- Chapter 1.1. Oxidation by Chemical Methods -- 1.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.1.2 ORGANIZATION OF SECTIONS -- 1.1.3 GENERAL PROBLEMS IN ALKANE FUNCTONALIZATION -- 1.1.4 FORMATION OF R-M BONDS (M = GROUP I AND II METAL) -- 1.1.5 FORMATION OF R-M BONDS (M = GROUP III METAL AND THE LANTHANIDES AND ACTINIDES) -- 1.1.6 FORMATION OF R-M BONDS (M = TRANSITION METAL) -- 1.1.7 FORMATION OF R-C BONDS -- 1.1.8 FORMATION OF R-X BONDS (X = Si,Ge,Sn,Pb) -- 1.1.9 FORMATION OF R-N BONDS -- 1.1.10 FORMATION OF R-X BONDS (X = P, As, Sb) -- 1.1.11 FORMATION OF R-O BONDS -- 1.1.12 FORMATION OF R-X BONDS (X = S, Se, Te) -- 1.1.13 FORMATION OF R-F BONDS -- 1.1.14 FORMATION OF R-X BONDS (X = Cl, Br, I) -- 1.1.15 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.2 Oxidation by Nitrene Insertion -- 1.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.2.2 NITRENE GENERATION AND REACTIVITY: A BRIEF OVERVIEW -- 1.2.3 INSERTION INTO sp3 C-H BONDS -- 1.2.4 INTRAMOLECULAR INSERTION INTO sp2 C-H BONDS -- 1.2.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.3 Oxidation by Remote Functionalization Methods -- 1.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.3.2 INTRAMOLECULAR FUNCTIONALIZATION IN THE VICINITY OF EXISTING SUBSTRATE FUNCTIONAL GROUPS -- 1.3.3 OXIDATIONS REMOTE FROM EXISTING SUBSTRATE FUNCTIONAL GROUPS -- 1.3.4 SELECTIVE REACTIONS IN MOLECULAR COMPLEXES -- 1.3.5 FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR REMOTE OXIDATIONS -- 1.3.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.4 Oxidation by Microbial Methods -- 1.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.4.2 GENERAL ASPECTS OF THE USE OF MICROORGANISMS -- 1.4.3 MICROBIAL OXIDATION OF NONSTEROIDAL SUBSTRATES -- 1.4.4 MICROBIAL OXIDATION OF STEROIDS -- 1.4.5 SPECIAL METHODS -- 1.4.6 ALTERNATIVES TO MICROORGANISMS -- 1.4.7 REFERENCES -- Part 2: Oxidation of Activated C-H Bonds. , Chapter 2.1. Oxidation Adjacent to C=C Bonds -- 2.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.1.2 ALLYLIC OXIDATION REACTIONS WHICH PRODUCE ALLYLIC ALCOHOLS, ESTERS OR ETHERS -- 2.1.3 ALLYLIC OXIDATION REACTIONS WHICH PRODUCE α,β-UNSATURATED CARBONYL COMPOUNDS -- 2.1.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.2. Oxidation Adjacent to C=X Bonds by Dehydrogenation -- 2.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2.2 HALOGENATION-DEHYDROHALOGENATION REACTIONS -- 2.2.3 SULFUR-BASED REAGENTS -- 2.2.4 SELENIUM-BASED REAGENTS -- 2.2.5 DICHLORODICYANOQUINONE AND RELATED REAGENTS -- 2.2.6 NOBLE METALS AND THEIR SALTS -- 2.2.7 MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAL METHODS -- 2.2.8 MICROBIAL AND ENZYMATIC METHODS -- 2.2.9 SUMMARY -- 2.2.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.3. Oxidation Adjacent to C=X Bonds by Hydroxylation Methods -- 2.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.3.2 HYDROXYLATION α TO C = 0 -- 2.3.2 HYDROXYLATION α TO G = N -- 2.3.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.4. Oxidation Adjacent to Sulfur -- 2.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.4.2 THE PUMMERER REARRANGEMENT -- 2.4.3 THE PUMMERER REARRANGEMENT EXEMPLIFIED -- 2.4.4 α-HALOGENATION OF SULFIDES -- 2.4.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.5. Oxidation Adjacent to Nitrogen -- 2.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.5.2 NITRO COMPOUNDS -- 2.5.3 TERTIARY AMINES -- 2.5.4 SECONDARY AMINES -- 2.5.5 PRIMARY AMINES -- 2.5.6 AMINO ACIDS -- 2.5.7 MISCELLANEOUS OXIDATIONS -- 2.5.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.6. Oxidation Adjacent to Oxygen of Ethers -- 2.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.6.2 METALLIC OXIDANTS -- 2.6.3 HYDRIDE TRANSFER REAGENTS -- 2.6.4 OTHER METHODS -- 2.6.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.7. Oxidation Adjacent to Oxygen of Alcohols by Chromium Reagents -- 2.7.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.7.2 CHROMIUM(VI) IN ACIDIC MEDIA -- 2.7.3 CHROMIUM(VI) WITH HETEROCYCLIC BASES -- 2.7.4 OTHER CHROMHJM(VI) OXIDE OXIDANTS -- 2.7.5 SUPPORTED OXIDANTS -- 2.7.6 MISCELLANEOUS CHROMATES AND DICHROMATES -- 2.7.7 REFERENCES. , Chapter 2.8. Oxidation Adjacent to Oxygen of Alcohols by Activated DMSO Methods -- 2.8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.8.2 GENERAL MECHANISM OF ACTIVATED DMSO OXIDATION -- 2.8.3 ACTIVATED DMSO REAGENTS -- 2.8.4 OXIDATION OF ALCOHOLS -- 2.8.5 CONCLUSIONS -- 2.8.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.9. Oxidation Adjacent to Oxygen of Alcohols by Other Methods -- 2.9.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.9.2 OXIDATION OF PRIMARY ALCOHOLS -- 2.9.3 OXIDATION OF SECONDARY ALCOHOLS -- 2.9.4 CONCLUSION -- 2.9.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.10. Vinylic and Arylic C-H Oxidation -- 2.10.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.10.2 LITHIUM, MAGNESIUM AND BORON INTERMEDIATES -- 2.10.3 THALLIUM INTERMEDIATES -- 2.10.4 LEAD INTERMEDIATES -- 2.10.5 NONMETALLATED INTERMEDIATES -- 2.10.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.11. Synthesis of Quinones -- 2.11.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.11.2 FREMY'S SALT -- 2.11.3 CERIUM(IV) AMMONIUM NITRATE (CAN) -- 2.11.4 LEAD TETRAACETATE (LTA) -- 2.11.5 OTHER REAGENTS -- 2.11.6 REFERENCES -- Part 3: Oxidation of C-C Bonds -- Chapter 3.1. Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Oxygen Bonds: (i) General Methods of Epoxidation -- 3.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.1.2 EPOXIDATIONS WITH ORGANIC PEROXY ACIDS -- 3.1.3 EPOXIDATIONS WITH ALKYL HYDROPEROXIDES -- 3.1.4 EPOXIDATIONS UTILIZING SILYL-PROTECTED PEROXY ESTERS -- 3.1.5 EPOXIDATIONS WITH HYDROGEN PEROXIDE -- 3.1.6 STOICHIOMETRIC EPOXIDATIONS WITH Mo AND W PEROXO COMPLEXES -- 3.1.7 EPOXIDATIONS VIA CATALYSIS BY FIRST-ROW TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES -- 3.1.8 EPOXIDATIONS USING OXYGEN -- 3.1.9 CHEMOSELECTIVE EPOXIDATIONS -- 3.1.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.2. Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Oxygen Bonds: (ii) Asymmetric Methods of Epoxidation -- 3.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.2.2 FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF TITANIUM TARTRATE CATALYZED ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATION -- 3.2.3 REACTION VARIABLES FOR TITANIUM TARTRATE CATALYZED ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATION -- 3.2.4 SOURCES OF ALLYLIC ALCOHOLS. , 3.2.5 ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATIONS BY SUBSTRATE STRUCTURE -- 3.2.6 MECHANISM OF THE TITANIUM TARTRATE CATALYZED ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATION -- 3.2.7 OTHER ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATIONS AND OXIDATIONS CATALYZED BY TITANIUM TARTRATE COMPLEXES -- 3.2.8 OTHER ASYMMETRIC EPOXIDATION METHODS -- 3.2.9 HOMOCHIRAL EPOXIDES VIA ASYMMETRIC DIHYDROXYLATION -- 3.2.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.3 Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Oxygen Bonds: (iii) Glycol Forming Reactions -- 3.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.3.2 SYN HYDROXYLATION METHODS -- 3.3.3 ANTI HYDROXYLATION METHODS -- 3.3.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.4. Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Oxygen Bonds: (iv) The Wacker Oxidation and Related Reactions -- 3.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.4.2 REACTION CONDITIONS AND SCOPE OF THE REACTION -- 3.4.3 OXIDATION OF TERMINAL ALKENES TO METHYL KETONES -- 3.4.4 OXIDATION OF INTERNAL ALKENES -- 3.4.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.5. Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Nitrogen Bonds -- 3.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.5.2 AZIRIDINE FORMATION FROM ALKENES -- 3.5.3 ADDITION OF TWO NITROGEN ATOMS TO ALKENES -- 3.5.4 ADDITION OF NITROGEN AND OXYGEN TO ALKENES -- 3.5.5 ADDITION OF NITROGEN AND SULFUR, SELENIUM OR TELLURIUM TO ALKENES -- 3.5.6 ADDITION OF NITROGEN AND HALOGEN TO ALKENES -- 3.5.7 ADDITION TO POLYENES -- 3.5.8 ADDITIONS YIELDING MORE HIGHLY OXIDIZED COMPOUNDS -- 3.5.9 ADDITIONS LEADING TO REARRANGEMENTS -- 3.5.10 ADDITIONS CLEAVING THE C =C BOND -- 3.5.11 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.6. Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Sulfur or Carbon-Selenium Bonds -- 3.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.6.2 FORMATION OF CARBON-SULFUR BONDS FROM ADDITIONS TO π-BONDS -- 3.6.3 FORMATION OF CARBON-SELENIUM BONDS FROM ADDITIONS TO π-BONDS -- 3.6.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.7. Addition Reactions with Formation of Carbon-Halogen Bonds -- 3.7.1 OXIDATIVE HALOGENATION WITH HALOMETALLIC REAGENTS. , 3.7.2 HALOFUNCTIONALIZATIONS WITH HgII , TlIII AND TeIV REAGENTS -- 3.7.3 OXIDATIVE HALOGENATION WITH NONMETALLIC REAGENTS -- 3.7.4 MISCELLANEOUS (PHOTOCHEMICAL AND ENZYMATIC REACTIONS) -- 3.7.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.8. Cleavage Reactions -- 3.8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.8.2 CLEAVAGE OF CARBON-CARBON DOUBLE BONDS WITH THE FORMATION OF PRIMARY OR SECONDARY ALCOHOLS -- 3.8.3 CLEAVAGE TO CARBONYL COMPOUNDS -- 3.8.4 CLEAVAGE OF DOUBLE BONDS TO YIELD CARBOXYLIC ACIDS, ESTERS OR LACTONES -- 3.8.5 CLEAVAGE WITH THE INTRODUCTION OF NITROGEN AND SULFUR FUNCTIONAL GROUPS -- 3.8.6 REFERENCES -- Part 4: Oxidation of C-X Bonds -- Chapter 4.1. Oxidation of Carbon-Boron Bonds -- 4.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.1.2 OXIDATION WITH ALKALINE HYDROGEN PEROXIDE -- 4.1.3 OXIDATION WITH HYDROGEN PEROXIDE IN AN ACIDIC MEDIUM -- 4.1.4 OXIDATION WITH TRIMETHYLAMINE N-OXIDE -- 4.1.5 AUTOXIDATION -- 4.1.6 OXIDATION BY PERACIDS -- 4.1.7 OXIDATION WITH CHROMIUM REAGENTS -- 4.1.8 MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAL OXIDIZING AGENTS -- 4.1.9 ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION -- 4.1.10 OXIDATION BY CARBONYL COMPOUNDS TO PRODUCE ALKENES -- 4.1.11 CHLORINOLYSIS OF C-B BONDS -- 4.1.12 BROMINOLYSIS OF C-B BONDS -- 4.1.13 IODINOLYSIS OF C-B BONDS -- 4.1.14 REPLACEMENT OF BORON BY NITROGEN -- 4.1.15 REPLACEMENT OF BORON BY SULFUR OR SELENIUM -- 4.1.16 REFERENCES -- Chapter 4.2. Oxidation of Carbon-Metal Bonds -- 4.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.2.2 OXIDATION OF CARBON-TIN BONDS -- 4.2.3 OXIDATION OF CARBON-PALLADIUM BONDS -- 4.2.4 OXIDATION OF CARBON-MERCURY BONDS -- 4.2.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 4.3. Oxidation of Carbon-Silicon Bonds -- 4.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.3.2 GENERATION OF ORGANOFLUOROSILICATES -- 4.3.3 MISCELLANEOUS -- 4.3.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 4.4. Oxidation of Carbon-Halogen Bonds -- 4.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.4.2 KORNBLUM OXIDATION AND RELATED METHODS -- 4.4.3 THE KRÖHNKE OXIDATION -- 4.4.4 THE HASS-BENDER OXIDATION. , 4.4.5 OXIDATION WITH N-OXIDE, N-HYDROXYPYRIDONES AND HYDROXYLAMINES.
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    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Saint Louis :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Organic compounds--Synthesis. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (1258 pages)
    Edition: 3rd ed.
    ISBN: 9780080912455
    Series Statement: Comprehensive Organic Synthesis II - Online Series
    DDC: 547.2
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Additions to C-X π- Bonds -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contributors to Volume 2 -- Abbreviations -- Contents of All Volumes -- Part I: Uncatalyzed Additions ofNucleophilic Alkenes to C=X -- Chapter 1.1. Allyl Organometallics -- 1.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.1.2 SIMPLE DIASTEREOSELECTION -- 1.1.3 RELATIVE DIASTEREOSELECTION -- 1.1.4 SINGLE ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS: REACTIONS OF ACHIRAL ALDEHYDES AND CHIRAL ALLYL ORGANOMETALLICS -- 1.1.5 DOUBLE ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS: REACTIONS OF CHIRAL C = X ELECTROPHILES AND CHIRAL ALLYL ORGANOMETALLICS -- 1.1.6 SUMMARY -- 1.1.7 ADDENDUM -- 1.1.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.2. Heteroatom-stabilized Allylic Anions -- 1.2.1 SYNTHETIC UTILITY -- 1.2.2 BORON-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.3 SILICON-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.4 NITROGEN-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.5 PHOSPHINE-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.6 OXYGEN-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.7 SULFUR-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.8 SELENIUM-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.9 HALOGEN-SUBSTITUTED ALLYLIC ANIONS -- 1.2.10 ADDENDUM -- 1.2.11 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.3. Propargyl and Allenyl Organometallics -- 1.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.3.2 PREPARATION OF PROPARGYL AND ALLENYL ORGANOMETALLICS -- 1.3.3 STRUCTURE AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES -- 1.3.4 REGIOSELECTIVE REACTIONS -- 1.3.5 DIASTEREOSELECTIVE REACTIONS -- 1.3.6 ENANTIOSELECTIVE REACTIONS -- 1.3.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.4. Formation of Enolates -- 1.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.4.2 ALKALI METAL ENOLATES -- 1.4.3 MAGNESIUM ENOLATES -- 1.4.4 BORON ENOLATES -- 1.4.5 ALUMINUM ENOLATES -- 1.4.6 TIN ENOLATES -- 1.4.7 TITANIUM ENOLATES -- 1.4.8 ZIRCONIUM ENOLATES -- 1.4.9 COPPER ENOLATES AND ENOLATES FROM CUPRATES -- 1.4.10 ZINC ENOLATES -- 1.4.11 OTHER TRANSITION METAL ENOLATES -- 1.4.12 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.5. The Aldol Reaction: Acid and General Base Catalysis. , 1.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.5.2 BACKGROUND -- 1.5.3 REVERSIBILITY OF THE ALDOL REACTION -- 1.5.4 OVERVIEW: REACTIONS UNDER PROTIC CONDITIONS -- 1.5.5 SELF-REACTIONS OF ALDEHYDES -- 1.5.6 MIXED REACTIONS OF ALDEHYDES -- 1.5.7 SELF-REACTIONS OF KETONES -- 1.5.8 MDCED REACTIONS OF KETONES -- 1.5.9 REACTIONS OF KETONES WITH ALDEHYDES -- 1.5.10 INTRAMOLECULAR ALDOL REACTIONS -- 1.5.11 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.6. The Aldol Reaction: Group I and Group II Enolates -- 1.6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.6.2 FORMATION AND ALDOL REACTIONS OF REGIO-DEFINED ENOLATES -- 1.6.3 SIMPLE DIASTEREOSELECTION -- 1.6.4 DIASTEREOFACIAL SELECTIVITY -- 1.6.5 EQUILIBRATION -- THERMODYNAMIC CONTROL -- 1.6.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.7. The Aldol Reaction: Group III Enolates -- 1.7.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.7.2 BORON-MEDIATED ALDOL REACTION -- 1.7.3 ALUMINUM-MEDIATED ALDOL REACTION -- 1.7.4 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.8. Zinc Enolates: the Reformatsky and Blaise Reactions -- 1.8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.8.2 NATURE OF THE REFORMATSKY REAGENT -- 1.8.3 REACTION WITH ALDEHYDE AND KETONE SUBSTRATES -- 1.8.4 REACTION WITH IMINES -- 1.8.5 REACTION WITH ACYLATING AGENTS -- 1.8.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.9. The Aldol Reaction: Transition Metal Enolates -- 1.9.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.9.2 ALDOL REACTIONS OF η1-O-BOUND METAL ENOLATES -- 1.9.3 ALDOL REACTIONS OF η1 -C-BOUND METAL ENOLATES AND η3-METAL ENOLATES -- 1.9.4 ALDOL REACTIONS OF METAL ENOLATES OF ACYL-TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES -- 1.9.5 OTHER ASYMMETRIC ALDOL REACTIONS INVOLVING TRANSITION METALS -- 1.9.6 ADDENDUM -- 1.9.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.10. The Henry (Nitroaldol) Reaction -- 1.10.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.10.2 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS ON THE NITROALDOL REACTION AND ITS UTILITY IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS -- 1.10.3 CLASSICAL NITROALDOL PROCEDURES AND THEIR LIMITATIONS -- 1.10.4 NITROALDOL REACTIONS WITH SILYL NITRONATES AND WITH α,α DOUBLY DEPROTONATED NITROALKANES. , 1.10.5 ADDENDUM -- 1.10.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.11. The Knoevenagel Reaction -- 1.11.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.11.2 GENERAL ASPECTS -- 1.11.3 SCOPE AND LIMITATION -- 1.11.4 SEQUENTIAL REACTIONS -- 1.11.5 SYNTHETIC APPLICATIONS -- 1.11.6 SYNTHETIC ALTERNATIVES -- 1.11.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.12. The Perkin Reaction -- 1.12.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.12.2 MECHANISTIC CONSIDERATIONS -- 1.12.3 REACTION SCOPE -- 1.12.4 ERLENMEYER AZALACTONE SYNTHESIS -- 1.12.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.13. Darzens Glycidic Ester Condensation -- 1.13.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.13.2 GENERAL AND MECHANISTIC CONSIDERATIONS -- 1.13.3 CONDENSATIONS EMPLOYING ANIONS STABILIZED BY SUBSTITUENTS OTHER THAN SIMPLE ESTERS -- 1.13.4 MISCELLANEOUS MODIFICATIONS -- 1.13.5 PREPARATION OF AZIRIDINES -- 1.13.6 CONDENSATIONS UNDER MULTIPHASE CONDITIONS -- 1.13.7 ASYMMETRIC VARIANTS OF THE DARZENS CONDENSATION -- 1.13.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.14. Metal Homoenolates -- 1.14.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.14.2 ELIMINATION -- 1.14.3 FORMATION AND CLEAVAGE OF CYCLOPROPANE RINGS -- 1.14.4 SYMMETRICAL COUPLING -- 1.14.5 CARBONYL ADDITION -- 1.14.6 CONJUGATE ADDITION -- 1.14.7 SUBSTITUTION REACTIONS -- 1.14.8 CARBON YLATION -- 1.14.9 SYNTHETIC APPLICATIONS -- 1.14.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.15. Use of Enzymatic Aldol Reactions in Synthesis -- 1.15.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.15.2 ENZYMES AS CATALYSTS -- 1.15.3 D-FRUCTOSE-1,6-DIPHOSPHATE ALDOLASE -- 1.15.4 N-ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID ALDOLASE -- 1.15.5 TRANSKETOLASE -- 1.15.6 KDO SYNTHETASE -- 1.15.7 DAHP SYNTHETASE -- 1.15.8 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES -- 1.15.9 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.16. Metalloenamines -- 1.16.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.16.2 DIRECTED ALDOL REACTIONS OF IMINE ANIONS -- 1.16.3 ADDITION REACTIONS OF HETEROATOM-STABILIZED IMINE ANIONS -- 1.16.4 ADDITION REACTIONS OF METALLATED OXIME DERIVATIVES -- 1.16.5 ADDITIONS OF METALLATED DERIVATIVES OF IMIDATES. , 1.16.6 OTHER METALLATED AZOMETHINE DERI VATI VES -- 1.16.7 ADDITIONS OF METALLATED BIS-LACTIM ETHERS OF 2,5-DDCETOPIPERAZINES -- 1.16.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 1.17. Hydrazone Anions -- 1.17.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.17.2 PREPARATION OF HYDRAZONES FROM ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.17.3 FORMATION OF AZAALLYL METAL REAGENTS FROM HYDRAZONES -- 1.17.4 STRUCTURES OF AZAALLYL METAL REAGENTS DERIVED FROM HYDR AZONES -- 1.17.5 REGIOCHEMICAL AND STEREOCHEMICAL CONTROL IN HYDRAZONE DEPROTONATION -- 1.17.6 1,2-ADDITIONS TO ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 1.17.7 1,2-ADDITIONS TO CARBOXYLIC ACID DERIVATIVES -- 1.17.8 1,4-CON JUG ATE ADDITIONS TO α,β-UNSATURATED CARBONYL DERIVATIVES -- 1.17.9 HETEROCYCLE SYNTHESES VIA 1,2- AND 1,4-ADDITIONS OF HYDRAZONE ANIONS TO CARBONYL COMPOUNDS AND α,β-UNSATURATED CARBONYL COMPOUNDS -- 1.17.10 HYDRAZONE ANIONS AS ACYL ANION EQUIVALENTS -- 1.17.11 CLEAVAGE OF HYDRAZONES TO REGENERATE CARBONYL GROUPS -- 1.17.12 REFERENCES -- Part II: Catalyzed Additions ofNucleophilic Alkenes to C=X -- Chapter 2.1. The Prins and Carbonyl Ene Reactions -- 2.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.1.2 INTERMOLECULAR REACTIONS -- 2.1.3 INTRAMOLECULAR REACTIONS -- 2.1.4 THIOCARBONYL COMPOUNDS -- 2.1.5 ADDENDUM -- 2.1.6 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.2. Allylsilanes, Allylstannanes and Related Systems -- 2.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2.2 MECHANISM -- 2.2.3 ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 2.2.4 ACETALS AND KETALS -- 2.2.5 OTHER SUBSTRATES AT THE OXIDATION LEVEL OF ALDEHYDES AND KETONES -- 2.2.6 SYNTHESES OF THE SILANES AND STANNANES -- 2.2.7 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.3. Formation and Addition Reactions of Enol Ethers -- 2.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.3.2 PREPARATION OF ENOL ETHERS -- 2.3.3 REACTIONS WITH C-X π-BONDS AND EQUIVALENTS -- 2.3.4 CONCLUSIONS -- 2.3.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.4. Asymmetric Synthesis with Enol Ethers -- 2.4.1 INTRODUCTION. , 2.4.2 PROCHIRAL NUCLEOPHILES AND ELECTROPHILES (SIMPLE STEREOSELECTION) -- 2.4.3 CHIRAL NUCLEOPHILES -- 2.4.4 CHIRAL ELECTROPHILES -- 2.4.5 CHIRAL NUCLEOPHILES AND ELECTROPHILES -- 2.4.6 CHIRAL LEWIS ACIDS -- 2.4.7 ADDENDUM -- 2.4.8 REFERENCES -- Chapter 2.5. Reactions of Activated Dienes with Aldehydes -- 2.5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.5.2 MECHANISM -- 2.5.3 DIASTEREOFACIAL SELECTIVITY -- 2.5.4 METHODS TO CONTROL ABSOLUTE STEREOCHEMISTRY -- 2.5.5 APPLICATIONS IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS -- 2.5.6 REFERENCES -- Part III: Addition-Elimination Reactions (Acylations) -- Chapter 3.1. The Aliphatic Friedel-Crafts Reaction -- 3.1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.1.2 GENERAL ASPECTS OF ALIPHATIC FRIEDEL-CRAFTS ACYLATIONS -- 3.1.3 ACYLATIONS OF ALKENES -- 3.1.4 ACYLATIONS OF SILANES -- 3.1.5 ACYLATIONS OF CONJUGATED DIENES -- 3.1.6 ACYLATION OF ALKYNES -- 3.1.7 ACYLATION OF TIN SUBSTRATES -- 3.1.8 ACYLATIONS OF ALK ANES -- 3.1.9 ALIPHATIC FORMYLATION -- 3.1.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.2. The Bimolecular Aromatic Friedel-Crafts Reaction -- 3.2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.2.2 MECHANISMS -- 3.2.3 REAGENT SYSTEMS -- 3.2.4 ACYLATION REACTIONS -- 3.2.5 FRIES REACTIONS -- 3.2.6 REACTIONS USING NITRILES - THE HOUBEN-HOESCH SYNTHESIS -- 3.2.7 VILSMEIER AND RELATED KETONE SYNTHESES -- 3.2.8 PALLADIUM-MEDIATED KETONE SYNTHESES -- 3.2.9 GATTERMANN AND RELATED FORMYLATION REACTIONS -- 3.2.10 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.3. The Intramolecular Aromatic Friedel-Crafts Reaction -- 3.3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.3.2 ELECTRON DENSITY CONSIDERATIONS -- 3.3.3 THE SIZE OF THE RING -- 3.3.4 CONCLUSION -- 3.3.5 REFERENCES -- Chapter 3.4. The Reimer-Tiemann Reaction -- 3.4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.4.2 THE NORMAL REACTION -- 3.4.3 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS -- 3.4.4 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS -- 3.4.5 THE ABNORMAL REIMER-TIEMANN REACTION -- 3.4.6 THE MECHANISM OF THE REACTION -- 3.4.7 CONCLUSIONS -- 3.4.8 REFERENCES. , Chapter 3.5. The Vilsmeier-Haack Reaction.
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    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin, Heidelberg :Springer Berlin / Heidelberg,
    Keywords: Virus diseases. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (204 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9783642752476
    Series Statement: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology Series ; v.162
    DDC: 616.0194
    Language: English
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    Keywords: Organic compounds -- Synthesis -- Congresses. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (365 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9781483154664
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Organic Synthesis Today and Tomorrow -- Copyright -- Table of Contents -- Organizing Committee -- PREFACE -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- CHAPTER 1. NEW AND SELECTIVE REACTIONS AND REAGENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 2. APPLICATION OF SOME POLYMER SUPPORTED REAGENTS TO ORGANIC SYNTHESIS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 3. MOLECULAR ENGINEERING: THE DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF CATALYSTS FOR THE RAPID 4-ELECTRON REDUCTION OF MOLECULAR OXYGEN TO WATER -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 4. SYNTHETIC APPLICATIONS OF THE CHEMISTRY OF DICARBONYL CYCLOPENTADIENYLIRON COMPLEXES -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 5. ZIRCONIUM REAGENTS IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR TANDEM METAL SYNTHESIS SEQUENCES -- REGIO-CONTROLLED COUPLING OF (π-ALLYLIC)PALLADIUM COMPLEXES WITH ORGANOZIRCONIUM SPECIES -- NICKEL-CATALYZED CONJUGATE ADDITION REACTIONS -- PREDICTION OF CARBON-CARBON COUPLING PROCESSES -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 6. ARENE-METAL COMPLEXES IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY -- INTRODUCTION -- ADDITION TO h6-(STYRENE)CHROMIUM TRICARBONYL COMPLEXES -- NEW SELECTIVITIES IN ADDITIONS TO SUBSTITUTED ARENE-Cr(CO)3 COMPLEXES -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 7. TRANSITION METAL MEDIATED CARBON-CARBON BOND FORMATIONS: A GENERAL, PARTIALLY CHEMO-, REGIO-, AND STEREOSPECIFIC SYNTHESIS OF ANNELATED CYCLOHEXADIENES FROM ACYCLIC STARTING MATERIALS -- INTRODUCTION -- INTRAMOLECULAR DIYNEENE CYCLIZATIONS -- INTERMOLECULAR [2+2+2] CYCLIZATIONS -- DECOMPLEXATIONS AND LIGAND REACTIONS -- REACTIONS OF COMPLEXED DIENES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 8. SOME USES OF SILICON COMPOUNDS IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS -- 1. SILYL ENOL ETHERS -- 2. γ-SILYL ALCOHOLS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 9. NEW STRATEGIC METHODS FOR SYNTHESIS -- TORGOV METHOD -- XYLYLENE METHOD -- GENERAL REITERATIVE REACTION -- References -- CHAPTER 10. THE RICH CHEMISTRY OF VINYLIC ORGANOBORANES -- INTRODUCTION. , HYDROBORATION OF ALKYNES WITH BORANE DERIVATIVES -- DIRECTIVE EFFECTS -- SYNTHESIS OF OTHER VINYLIC ORGANOBORANES -- REPRESENTATIVE APPLICATIONS OF VINYLIC BORANES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 11. SYNTHESIS OF POLYETHER ANTIBIOTICS. ADJACENT AND REMOTE ASYMMETRIC INDUCTION VIA CYCLIC HYDROBORATION -- INTRODUCTION -- DISCUSSION -- CHAPTER 12. NEW METHODS FOR FORMATION OF CARBON-CARBON BONDS -- INTRODUCTION -- SYNTHESIS OF α-HALOENAMINES -- α-HALOENAMINES AS ENOLATE EQUIVALENTS -- KETENEIMINIUM SALTS AS ACYL CATION EQUIVALENTS -- α-METALLED ENAMINES AS ACYL ANION EQUIVALENTS -- α-CYANOENAMINES AS HOMOENOLATE EQUIVALENTS -- α,β DEHYDROGENATION OF CARBOXAMIDES -- FINAL REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 13. NEW REAGENTS BASED ON HETEROATOM- FACILITATED LITHIATIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 14. SYNTHESIS AND REACTIONS OF NOVEL 3-OXO-l,2-DIAZETIDINIUM YLIDES -- CHAPTER 15. SYNTHETIC STUDIES TOWARDS CALCIMYCIN -- CALCIMYCIN -- References -- CHAPTER 16. MACROLIDE SYNTHESIS: 6-DESOXYERYTHRONOLIDE B VIA ALDOL CONDENSATIONS -- BACKGROUND AND SYNTHETIC STRATEGIES -- STEREOCHEMISTRY OF THE ALDOL REACTION -- SYNTHESIS OF 6-DESOXYERYTHRONOLIDE -- SYNTHESIS OF SECO-ACID AND LACTONIZATION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 17. THE TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF QUADRONE -- INTRODUCTION -- RESULTS -- References -- CHAPTER 18. BIOMIMETIC PRENYLATION REACTIONS -- INTRODUCTION -- STRUCTURAL AND SYNTHETIC STUDIES IN THE BISABOLOL SERIES -- BIOMIMETIC SYNTHESIS OF CHRYSANTHEMYL ALCOHOL -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 19. ASPECTS OF CARBOCYCLIC RING FORMATION AND MODIFICATION -- INTRODUCTION -- BIOMIMETIC MONOCYCLIZATION OF TERPENOIDS -- MEDIUM AND LARGE RING FORMATION -- CARBENOID REACTIONS AND CYCLOPENTENONE ANNULATION -- REFERENCES AND NOTES -- A TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF RACEMIG ERIOLANIN -- REFERENCES AND FOOTNOTES -- CHAPTER 20. TXA2 STRUCTURE. THE SYNTHESIS OF ALTERNATIVES. , BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES -- CHAPTER 21. NEW METHODOLOGIES RELATED TO PROSTAGLANDIN SYNTHESIS -- References -- CHAPTER 22. SYNTHETIC STUDIES IN THE ALKALOID FIELD -- INTRODUCTION -- AN UNUSUAL ALKYLATION OF AN ENAMINE -- REACTION OP ALKOXYCARBONYL TRYPTAMINE WITH AN ESTER ALDEHYDE -- ANOMALOUS NUCLEOPHILIC SUBSTITUTION AND OXIDATION -- REACTION OP ACRYLIC ACID DERIVATIVES WITH ENAMINES -- UTILIZATION OP THE UNWANTED EPIMER AND ENANTIOMER -- ENMTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESES -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 23. CHIRALLY SELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS. THE 10-HYDROXY ANALOGS OF DIHYDROQUININE -- CHAPTER 24. AN APPROACH TO THE SYNTHESIS OF HIGHER-CARBON SUGARS -- INTRODUCTION -- SYNTHESIS OF MONOSACCHARIDES FROM FURAN DERIVATIVES -- SYNTHESIS OF 2-KETOSES -- SYNTHESIS OF HIGHER-CARBON SUGARS FROM FURAN DERIVATIVES -- FURAN DERIVATIVES -- SYNTHESIS OF 8-DEOXYOCTOSES -- ACKNOW LEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 25. CARBOHYDRATE DERIVATIVES IN THE ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 26. A PRACTICABLE SYNTHESIS OF THIENAMYCIN -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 27. APPROACHES TO THE SYNTHESIS OF TOPOLOGICALLY SPHERICAL MOLECULES. RECENT ADVANCES IN THE CHEMISTRY OF DODECAHEDRANE -- ACCESSIBILITY OF CLOSED DILACTONE -- PREPARATION OF OPEN DILACTONES AND THE COMPLICATIONS OF TRANSANNULAR REACTIVITY -- UNUSUAL PHOTOISOMERIZATION OF A BRIDGED α-DIKETONE -- TRISECO DERIVATIVES VIA DICHLORO DIESTER REDUCTION (AND METHYLATION) -- THE MONOSECO LEVEL OF ELABORATION -- INSTALLATION OF THE FINAL BOND -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- INDEX.
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    Keywords: Cobalt industry-Government policy-United States. ; Strategic materials-Government policy-United States. ; National security-United States. ; Electronic books.
    Description / Table of Contents: This book analyses the case of cobalt as an illustration of the problems faced by the United States because of its dependencies on foreign sources of strategic minerals. It discusses the implications of supply interruptions for security concerns.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (113 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780429691478
    DDC: 333.85
    Language: English
    Note: Cover -- Half Title -- About the Book and Author -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Executive Summary -- Introduction -- The Risks of Dependency -- Disruptions Stemming From Local Sources -- Risks Involving the Soviet Union -- The Costs of Disruptions -- Reducing U.S. Vulnerabilities -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Appendix A: The U.S. Cobalt Market -- Global Cobalt Resources -- Global Cobalt Mining and Processing -- Zaire's Cobalt Exports -- U.S. Cobalt Imports and Stocks -- U.S. Cobalt Consumption in the Overall Economy -- Defense-induced Cobalt Consumption -- Projected Future Consumption -- Notes -- Appendix B: The 1978-1979 Cobalt Market Disruption -- The Shaba Invasion -- The Invasion's Impact on Zaire's Cobalt Industry -- The 1978-1979 Price Increase -- Subsequent Changes in the U.S. Cobalt Market -- Conclusion -- Notes.
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    London :Elsevier Science & Technology,
    Keywords: Organic compounds--Synthesis. ; Electronic books.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (828 pages)
    Edition: 3rd ed.
    ISBN: 9780080912523
    Series Statement: Comprehensive Organic Synthesis II - Online Series
    DDC: 547.2
    Language: English
    Note: Front Cover -- Cumulative Indexes -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contents of All Volumes -- Cumulative Author Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z -- Cumulative Subject Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z.
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  • 9
    Keywords: Astronomy-Observations-Congresses. ; Electronic books.
    Description / Table of Contents: Proceedings of the 161st Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held in Potsdam, Germany, August 23--27, 1993.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (722 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9789401111461
    Series Statement: International Astronomical Union Symposia Series ; v.161
    DDC: 522.6
    Language: English
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Oxford :Oxford University Press, Incorporated,
    Keywords: Statistical mechanics. ; Mechanics, Analytic. ; Electronic books.
    Description / Table of Contents: This book presents the advances made in Statistical Mechanics of the last 50 years, including mathematical theorems on order and phase transitions; numerical and series computations of phase diagrams; and solutions for important solvable models including Ising and 8 vertex.
    Type of Medium: Online Resource
    Pages: 1 online resource (641 pages)
    Edition: 1st ed.
    ISBN: 9780191574269
    Series Statement: International Series of Monographs on Physics Series ; v.146
    DDC: 530.13
    Language: English
    Note: Intro -- Contents -- PART I: GENERAL THEORY -- 1 Basic principles -- 1.1 Thermodynamics -- 1.2 Statistical mechanics -- 1.3 Quantum statistical mechanics -- 1.4 Quantum field theory -- References -- 2 Reductionism, phenomena and models -- 2.1 Reductionism -- 2.2 Phenomena -- 2.3 Models -- 2.4 Discussion -- 2.5 Appendix: Bravais lattices -- References -- 3 Stability, existence and uniqueness -- 3.1 Classical stability -- 3.2 Quantum stability -- 3.3 Existence and uniqueness of the thermodynamic limit -- 3.4 First order phase transitions, zeros and analyticity -- 3.5 Discussion -- 3.6 Open questions -- 3.7 Appendix A: Properties of functions of positive type -- 3.8 Appendix B: Fourier transforms -- References -- 4 Theorems on order -- 4.1 Densest packing of hard spheres and ellipsoids -- 4.2 Lack of order in the isotropic Heisenberg model in D = 1, 2 -- 4.3 Lack of crystalline order in D = 1, 2 -- 4.4 Existence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order in the classical Heisenberg model (n vector model) in D = 3 -- 4.5 Existence of antiferromagnetic order in the quantum Heisenberg model for T > -- 0 and D = 3 -- 4.6 Existence of antiferromagnetic order in the quantum Heisenberg model for T = 0 and D = 2 -- 4.7 Missing theorems -- References -- 5 Critical phenomena and scaling theory -- 5.1 Thermodynamic critical exponents and inequalities for Ising-like systems -- 5.2 Scaling theory for Ising-like systems -- 5.3 Scaling for general systems -- 5.4 Universality -- 5.5 Missing theorems -- References -- PART II: SERIES AND NUMERICAL METHODS -- 6 Mayer virial expansions and Groeneveld's theorems -- 6.1 The second virial coefficient -- 6.2 Mayers' first theorem -- 6.3 Mayers' second theorem -- 6.4 Non-negative potentials and Groeneveld's theorems -- 6.5 Convergence of virial expansions -- 6.6 Counting of Mayer graphs. , 6.7 Appendix: The irreducible Mayer graphs of four and five points -- References -- 7 Ree-Hoover virial expansion and hard particles -- 7.1 The Ree-Hoover expansion -- 7.2 The Tonks Gas -- 7.3 Hard sphere virial coefficients B[sub(2)]-B[sub(4)] in two and higher dimensions -- 7.4 Monte-Carlo evaluations of B[sub(5)]-B[sub(10)] -- 7.5 Hard sphere virial coefficients for k > -- & -- # -- 8805 11 -- 7.6 Radius of convergence and approximate equations of state -- 7.7 Parallel hard squares, parallel hard cubes and hard hexagons on a lattice -- 7.8 Convex nonspherical hard particles -- 7.9 Open questions -- References -- 8 High density expansions -- 8.1 Molecular dynamics -- 8.2 Hard spheres and discs -- 8.3 The inverse power law potential -- 8.4 Hard spheres with an additional square well -- 8.5 Lennard-Jones potentials -- 8.6 Conclusions -- References -- 9 High temperature expansions for magnets at H = 0 -- 9.1 Classical n vector model for D = 2, 3 -- 9.2 Quantum Heisenberg model -- 9.3 Discussion -- 9.4 Statistical mechanics versus quantum field theory -- 9.5 Appendix: The expansion coefficients for the susceptibility on the square lattice -- References -- PART III: EXACTLY SOLVABLE MODELS -- 10 The Ising model in two dimensions: summary of results -- 10.1 The homogeneous lattice at H = 0 -- 10.2 Boundary properties of the homogeneous lattice at H = 0 -- 10.3 The layered random lattice -- 10.4 The Ising model for H & -- #8800 -- 0 -- References -- 11 The Pfaffian solution of the Ising model -- 11.1 Dimers -- 11.2 The Ising partition function -- 11.3 Correlation functions -- References -- 12 Ising model spontaneous magnetization and form factors -- 12.1 Wiener-Hopf sum equations -- 12.2 Spontaneous magnetization and Szegö's theorem -- 12.3 Form factor expansions of C(N, N) and C(0, N). , 12.4 Asymptotic expansions of C(N, N) and C(0, N) for N & -- #8594 -- & -- #8734 -- -- 12.5 Evaluation of diagonal form factor integrals -- References -- 13 The star-triangle (Yang-Baxter) equation -- 13.1 Historical overview -- 13.2 Transfer matrices -- 13.3 Integrability -- 13.4 Star-triangle equation for vertex models -- 13.5 Star-triangle equation for spin models -- 13.6 Star-triangle equation for face models -- 13.7 Hamiltonian limits -- 13.8 Appendix: Properties of theta functions -- References -- 14 The eight-vertex and XYZ model -- 14.1 Historical overview -- 14.2 The matrix TQ equation for the eight-vertex model -- 14.3 Eigenvalues and free energy -- 14.4 Excitations, order parameters and correlation functions of the eight- and six-vertex model -- 14.5 Appendix: Properties of the modified theta functions -- References -- 15 The hard hexagon, RSOS and chiral Potts models -- 15.1 The hard hexagon and RSOS models -- 15.2 The chiral Potts model -- 15.3 Open questions -- References -- PART IV: CONCLUSION -- 16 Reductionism versus complexity -- 16.1 Does history matter? -- 16.2 Size is important -- 16.3 The paradox of integrability -- 16.4 Conclusion -- References -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z.
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